|Born||30 June 1905|
|Died||25 June 1999|
|Other names||Mary Howe, Mary Adams|
Born and raised in Dublin Ireland, Mary Manning got her theatre training in Sara Allgood's teaching class in the Abbey Theatre. She had gone to school in Morehampton House and Alexandra College, Dublin. She also worked as a writer for the Gate Theatre. She adapted the novel Guests of the Nation for a film directed by Denis Johnston. Manning also helped found the Dublin Film Society in 1930. She worked as a film critic and co-founded the Gate Theatre arts magazine Motley in 1932.
In 1935 Manning moved to Boston where she married Harvard Law School professor Mark De Wolfe Howe. They had three daughters Fanny, Susan and Helen. When her husband died Manning returned to Dublin in 1967 and lived in Monkstown, County Dublin for another ten years. During this time Manning wrote for various publications such as Hibernia, The Irish Times. She later returned to live in Cambridge.
Mary's death occurred on 27 June in the year of 1999; at the age of 93 years old. Her death place was at the Mt Auburn hospital located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Ireland's two waves of silent film
From 1914 to 1926, Ireland experienced a surge of new film styles being produced, consisting of historical melodramas and romantic comedies. Following this, 1930 to 1935 birthed a second wave of industry produced silent films that were intended to be less cliche compared to the first wave. The films produced under the second wave were much more experimental and dealt less with the commercial appeals of the first wave. There's minimal information on how Manning specifically contributed to the second wave, however, it is stated that she played an important role producing five out of the six films to come out of that wave.
Prior to her career as a writer and filmmaker, Mary Manning worked as a film critic throughout the 1920s and 30s. She worked as a film critic for the Irish Statesmen for a year during that time until it went out of business. She was known to disapprove of Hollywood's "unimaginable stories and its stereotypical portrayal of Ireland and the Irish".
- Adams, Bernard. Denis Johnston: A Life. Dublin: Lilliput, 2002.
- Advertisement. Irish Times (20 August 1930): 6.
- Irish Times (23 August 1930): 6.
- Irish Times (26 August 1930): 6.
- Irish Independent (23 August 1930): 8.
- Irish Independent (26 August 1930): 6.
- Barton, Ruth. Irish National Cinema. New York: Routledge, 2004.
- Casella, Donna R. “Women and Nationalism in Indigenous Irish Filmmaking of the Silent Period.” In Researching Women in Silent Cinema: New Findings and Perspectives. Eds. Monica Dall’Asta, Victoria Duckett, and Lucia Tralli. Bologna: University of Bologna, 2013. 53-80.
- “From Lantern to Slide Show.” Memories in Focus. Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ), Dublin. 27 April 1995. Television. IED, RTÉ.
- Howe, Fanny. Personal Interview. 10 July 2015.
- Howe, Susan. Personal Interview. 11 June 2015.
- "Irish Amateur Films." Irish Times. (26 August 1930): 6.
- “Irish Amateur Film Society.” Dublin Evening Mail (30 August 1930): 2.
- “Irish Productions Find Their Feet.” Memories in Focus. Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ), Dublin. 4 May 1995. Television. IED, RTÉ.
- "Irish Girl Makes Film Name.” The Sunday Chronicle (6 July 1930): n.p. Norris Davidson file, Liam O’Laoghaire Archives. NLI
- “Irish Playwright – Critic – Novelist Mary Manning Adams is Dead at 93. Obit. Playbill. 1 July 1999. http://www.playbill.com/news/article/irish-playwright-critic-novelist-mary-manning-adams-is-dead-at-93-82864
- Johnston, Denis. “3rd Omnibus X Book.” Denis Johnston Papers (MS 10066/181/95/194). TC
- Manning, Mary. "Dublin-Cum-Elstree." Irish Statesman (30 November 1929): 254-56.
- "The Fairchild Family at the Films.” Motley (November 1933): 12-14.
- "Hail Veidt!" Motley (March 1933): 10-12.
- “Mary Manning.” In Enter Certain Players: Edwards-MacLiammóir and the Gate 1928-1978. Ed. Peter Luke. Dublin: Dolmen Press 1978. 35-39.
- "A Silent Interlude." Irish Statesman (28 September 1929): 72-73.
- "The Voice of Ireland." Motley (February 1933): 14-15.
- "What is the Wild West Saying?” Irish Statesman (22 February 1930): 496-98.
- "Why Not a Repertory Cinema?" Motley (September 1932): 14-15.
- “Mark de Wolfe Howe Dies; Lawyer, Historian Was 60.” Obit. The Harvard Crimson. (1 March 1967) http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1967/3/1/mark-de-wolfe-howe-dies-lawyer/
- “Mary M. Adams, 93; Irish Novelist and Playwright.” Obit. The Boston Globe (27 June 1999): 7.
- “Mary Manning Howe Adams.” Obit. Irish Times (8 July 1999): 19.
- “Producing Films in Ireland.” Irish Independent (26 August 1930): 10.
- Programme, Guests of the Nation. 16 March 1960. Guests of the Nation clippings file. IED-TML
- Rockett, Kevin. “Part One: History, Politics and Irish Cinema.” In Kevin Rockett, Luke Gibbons and John Hill, Cinema and Ireland. London: Croom Helm, 1988. 1-126.
- Rockett, Kevin and Emir Rockett. Irish Film and Television Research Online. 15 March 2012. http://www.tcd.ie/irishfilm/
- Trotter, Mary. Ireland’s National Theaters: Political Performance and the Origins of the Irish Dramatic Movement. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2001.
- A. Archival Filmography: Extant Film Titles:
- 1. Mary Manning as Actress, Adapter, Company Co-Founder, and Miscellaneous Crew By Accident. Dir.: J. N. G. (Norris) Davidson, asst. dir./casting: Mary Manning, sc.: Norris Davidson (Irish Amateur Films IE 1930) cas.: C. Clarke-Clifford, Olive Purcell, Mary Manning, Paul Farrell, si, b&w, 16mm. Archive: IED, RTÉ.
- 2. Mary Manning as Adapter, Company Co-Founder and Miscellaneous Crew Guests of the Nation. Dir.: Denis Johnston, adp./props: Mary Manning (Denis Johnston Productions IE 1935) cas.: Barry Fitzgerald, Frank Toolin, Cyril Jackson, Charles Maher, Georgina Roper, Fred Johnson, Shelah Richards, Cyril Cusack, Hilton Edwards, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: IED, GBB.
- 3. Mary Manning as Company Co-Founder and Miscellaneous Crew Screening in the Rain. Cam.: J. N. G. (Norris) Davidson, misc. crew: Mary Manning (Irish Amateur Films IE 1930) cas.: Mary O’Moore, Grace McLoughlin, Judge Johnston, Lord Longford, Hilton Edwards, Micheál MacLiamóir, si, b&w (tinted), 16mm. Archive: IED, RTÉ.
- B. Filmography: Not Extant Film Titles:
- 1. Mary Manning as Director and Company Co-Founder Bank Holiday, 1930.
- 2. Mary Manning as Company Co-Founder and Miscellaneous Crew Pathetic Gazette, 1930.
- Go, Lovely Rose
- Youth's The Season...? (Published in Plays of Changing Ireland, edited by Curtis Canfield [New York: Macmillan, 1936].)
- Storm over Wicklow
- Happy Family
- The Voice of Shem: Passages from Finnegans Wake Freely Adapted for the Theatre (London: Faber & Faber, 1958)
- Mount Venus
- Lovely People
- The Last Chronicles of Ballyfungus
- "Mary Manning – Women Film Pioneers Project". Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Irish Writers Online". Irishwriters-online.com. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Mary Manning Howe Adams". The Irish Times. 8 July 1999. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Mary Manning". Ricorso. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Faneuil Adams". The New York Times. 26 April 1981. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- "Mary Manning Howe Adams". 8 July 1999.
- Casella, Donna (9 October 2015). "Mary Manning - Woman Film Pioneers".
- Casella, Donna (9 October 2015). "Mary Manning - Woman Film Pioneers". https://wfpp.cdrs.columbia.edu. External link in
- Casella, Donna (9 October 2015). "Mary Manning - Women Film Pioneers". https://wfpp.cdrs.columbia.edu/. External link in
- Canfield, Curtis (1936). Plays of changing Ireland. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 304340.
Casella, Donna. "Mary Manning." In Jane Gaines, Radha Vatsal, and Monica Dall’Asta, eds. Women Film Pioneers Project. Center for Digital Research and Scholarship. New York, NY: Columbia University Libraries, 2013. Web. 9 October 2015.