Marcus Vitorius Marcellus or Vitorius Marcellus (c. 60 - aft. 105) was a Roman senator who lived in the 1st century and 2nd century. He was a friend of Quintilian and the poet Statius. Marcellus was suffect consul for the nundinium September-December 105 with Gaius Caecilius Strabo as his colleague.
The family of Marcellus had their roots in Teate Marrucinorum on the east side of Italy; his father was probably named Gaius Vitorius. Marcellus received his education from the famous Rhetorician, Quintillian, who dedicated his Institutio Oratoria to Marcellus, hoping "my treatise seemed likely to be of use for the instruction of your son, whose early age shows his way clear to the full splendor of genius." Anthony Birley identifies Lucius Septimius Severus, the grandfather of emperor Septimius Severus, as one of his classmates. Ronald Syme finds it worthy to note that although Pliny the Younger was also a student of Quintillian, and the poet Statius knew both Pliny and Marcellus, Marcellus "gets no mention from Pliny, a close coeval (pr.93), who prosecuted a different kind of career and gained a more rapid advancement through two urban posts."
Statius dedicated his fourth book of Silvae to Marcellus, and a number of allusions to Marcellus' life appear in the poems collected in that book. Around the years 94-96, Marcellus was in Rome and was curator viae Latinae, or overseer of the Via Latina. In Silvae 4.4.34, Statius writes to Marcellus while he is overseeing road construction, urging Marcellus to stop working during the summer and take a holiday. He states to Marcellus "that excellent qualities will be greater achieved after relaxation".
The next possible mention of Marcellus is dated after his consulship. Two inscriptions in North Africa referring to a proconsular governor Marcellus have been identified with Vitorius Marcellus, and his time as governor dated to 120/121.
- Margaret M. Roxan, Roman Military Diplomas 1954-1977 (London: Institute of Archeology, 1978), pp. 40f
- Anthony Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, revised edition (London: Routledge, 1988), p. 18
- Institutio, I.6
- Syme, "Hadrianic Proconsuls of Africa", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 37 (1980), p. 5
- Syme, "Hadrianic Proconsuls", pp. 4-6; Werner Eck concurs in this identification ("Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139", Chiron, 13 (1983), p. 154)
- "Hosidius Geta", Encyclopedia Romana website
- Oliver Taplin (ed.), Literature in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A New Perspective (Oxford: University Press, 2000), pp. 499ff
Gaius Julius Quadratus Bassus,
and Quintus Caelius Honoratus
as Suffect consuls
| Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
with Gaius Caecilius Strabo
Lucius Ceionius Commodus,
and Sextus Vettulenus Civica Cerialis
as Ordinary consuls