|Maine's 2nd congressional district|
Maine's 2nd congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Maine's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Maine. Covering 27,326 square miles (70,770 km2), it comprises nearly 80% of the state's total land area. It is the largest district east of the Mississippi River and the 24th-largest overall. It is the second-most rural district in the United States, with 72.11% of its population in rural areas, behind only Kentucky's 5th congressional district.
The district comprises most of the land area north of the Portland and Augusta metropolitan areas. It includes the cities of Lewiston, Bangor, Auburn and Presque Isle. It included the city of Waterville until 2011, when Maine's Congressional redistricting process following the 2010 US Census led to a shift of district boundaries within Kennebec County.
Historically, the district has tended to elect members from both the Democratic and Republican parties and keep its incumbents. When Golden defeated two-term Republican incumbent Bruce Poliquin in 2018, it was the first time an incumbent had lost reelection in the district since 1916.
Since 1965, the district's representatives have frequently sought statewide office. Three U.S. Senators (Democrat William Hathaway, Republicans William Cohen and Olympia Snowe), one Governor (Democrat John Baldacci), and one nominee for Governor (Democrat Mike Michaud) all previously held the seat.
Until the Missouri Compromise was reached in 1820, Maine was a part of Massachusetts as the District of Maine. When it became a state in 1820, Maine had seven congressional districts credited to it (Massachusetts including Maine had been given 20 districts after the 1810 Census). Since Maine became a state, all but two districts have been reallocated to other states.
In 2018 the district became the first in the United States to elect the ranked choice winner over the first-past-the-post winner, after a referendum in 2016 changed Maine's electoral system from the latter system to the former. Incumbent representative Bruce Poliquin won a plurality of the first preference votes. However, the second and third preferences from two independent candidates flowed overwhelmingly to Jared Golden, allowing him to win with 50.6% of the vote once all preferences were distributed.
Election results from presidential races
In US presidential elections, most states give all the state's electoral votes to the candidate that wins the statewide popular vote. This is a type of winner-takes-all voting. Maine and Nebraska instead use the congressional district method, where the winner in each of the state's congressional districts gets one electoral vote, and the statewide winner gets an additional two electoral votes. Since Maine introduced this system in 1969, Maine's second district voted the same way as the entire state of Maine for every election until 2016.
|1972||Nixon 62 – 38%|
|1976||Ford 49 – 48%|
|1980||Reagan 46 – 43%|
|1984||Reagan 62 – 38%|
|1988||Bush 55 – 45%|
|1992||Clinton 38 – 33% - 28%|
|1996||Clinton 51 – 30%|
|2000||Gore 47 – 46%|
|2004||Kerry 52 – 46%|
|2008||Obama 55 – 43%|
|2012||Obama 53 – 44%|
|2016||Trump 51 – 41%|
The boundaries of the District are open for reconsideration in light of population shifts revealed by the decennial US Census. Until 2011, Maine's constitution provided for the state to reapportion the Congressional districts based on census data every ten years beginning in 1983, which would have meant that the state was next due to consider redistricting in 2013. However, a federal lawsuit filed in March 2011 led to a requirement that Maine speed up its redistricting process. Maine state legislators approved new boundaries on September 27, 2011.
2013 – 2023
- Androscoggin County
- Aroostook County
- Franklin County
- Hancock County
- Part of Kennebec County:
- Oxford County
- Penobscot County
- Piscataquis County
- Somerset County
- Waldo County
- Washington County
List of members representing the district
Recent election results
|Democratic||Markham L. Gartley||70,691||40.85|
|Independent||Frederick W. Whittaker||8,035||4.64|
|Independent||Robert H. Burmeister||1,653||0.96|
|Independent||Margaret E. Cousins||1,573||0.91|
|Independent||Robert L. Cousins||1,223||0.71|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||186,406||78.51|
|Democratic||Harold L. Silverman||51,026||21.49|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||136,075||66.65|
|Democratic||James P. Dunleavy||68,086||33.35|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||192,166||75.73|
|Democratic||Chipman C. Bull||57,347||22.60|
|Constitution||Kenneth E. Stoddard||4,242||1.67|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||148,770||77.33|
|Democratic||Kenneth P. Hayes||43,614||22.67|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||167,226||66.21|
|Democratic||Kenneth P. Hayes||85,346||33.79|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||121,704||51.02|
|Democratic||Patrick K. McGowan||116,798||48.97|
|Republican||Olympia Snowe (Incumbent)||153,022||49.13|
|Democratic||Patrick K. McGowan||130,824||42.01|
|Republican||Richard A. Bennett||97,754||40.75|
|Independent||John M. Michael||21,117||8.80|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Democratic||John Baldacci (Incumbent)||205,439||71.92|
|Republican||Paul R. Young||70,856||24.81|
|Democratic||John Baldacci (Incumbent)||146,202||76.20|
|Democratic||John Baldacci (Incumbent)||219,783||73.43|
|Republican||Richard H. Campbell||79,522||26.57|
|Democratic||Mike Michaud (incumbent)||199,303||58.03|
|Socialist Equality||Carl Cooley||8,586||2.50|
|Democratic||Mike Michaud (incumbent)||179,732||70.52|
|Republican||L. Scott D'Amboise||75,146||29.48|
|Democratic||Mike Michaud (incumbent)||226,274||67.44|
|Democratic||Mike Michaud (incumbent)||147,042||55.13|
|Republican||Jason J. Levesque||119,669||44.87|
|Democratic||Mike Michaud (incumbent)||191,456||58.2|
|Democratic||Emily Ann Cain||118,568||41.83|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Libertarian||Jay Parker Dresser (Declared Write-In)||224||0.06|
|Independent||Tiffany L. Bond||16,552||5.71|
|Independent||William R.S. Hoar||6,875||2.37|
(not included in total)
|Democratic gain from Republican|
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Congressional Districts – 113th Congress Demographics – Urban Rural Patterns". proximityone.com. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- Kate Taylor; Liam Stack (November 15, 2018). "Maine's Bruce Poliquin, Lone Republican in House From New England, Loses Re-election". The New York Times.
- Associated Press (2011). "Lawsuit aims to speed Maine redistricting". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- Russell, Eric (2011). "After long partisan fight, redistricting deal keeps boundaries much the same". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- Former Congressman Bruce Poliquin's web site