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Mahlon Dickerson Manson
|Born||February 20, 1820|
|Died||February 4, 1895 (aged 74)|
|Place of burial|
Oak Hill Cemetery, Crawfordsville, Indiana
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Indiana Lieutenant Governor
Manson was born in Piqua, Ohio, to David Manson, Jr., and Sarah Cornwall. He was a descendant of David Manson, an aide to Revolutionary War General George Washington. His family moved to Crawfordsville, Indiana. He was a school teacher in Montgomery County, Indiana. He studied medicine in Cincinnati, Ohio, and gave medical lectures in New Orleans. During the Mexican–American War he served with the 5th Indiana Volunteers as a captain. He was a druggist in Crawfordsville, Indiana, and a member of the Indiana Legislature.
At the beginning of the Civil War, he was appointed a captain in the 10th Indiana Infantry and was promoted to colonel in less than a month. He commanded a brigade in the Army of the Ohio at the Battle of Mill Springs in 1862 and was promoted to brigadier general on March 24, 1862, based on his actions there. General Manson was wounded in the thigh and captured by Confederate forces at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky. He was exchanged two months later and fought Morgan on his raid into Ohio. In the span of two months, Manson advanced from brigade, to division and then to command the XXIII Corps. He led the corps during the Knoxville Campaign seeing action at Campbell's Station and Knoxville. General Manson returned to brigade command, in the Army of the Ohio, during the Atlanta Campaign and was seriously wounded in the Battle of Resaca, Georgia.
Manson died in Frankfort, Indiana, and is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, Crawfordsville.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Lambert, D. Warren, When the Ripe Pears Fell, The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, Madison County Historical Society, 1996, ISBN 0-9615162-3-2.
- Perry, Oran, Adjutant-General, Indiana in the Mexican War, Indianapolis, 1908.
- Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders, Louisiana State University Press, 1964, ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.
- Congressional biography
- Civil War in Indiana
- Photographs at the Wayback Machine (archived February 8, 2008)
| Indiana State Auditor
Edward H. Wolfe
| Lieutenant Governor of Indiana
Robert S. Robertson
George Lucas Hartsuff
| Commander of the XXIII Corps (ACW)
September 24, 1863 – December 20, 1863
Jacob D. Cox
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Godlove S. Orth
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 7th congressional district
March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873
Thomas J. Cason