Madura Roadhouse, 2017
|Population||18 (2016 census)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Dundas|
Madura is a small roadhouse community located on the Eyre Highway in Western Australia, on the Roe Plains. It is 1,253 kilometres (779 mi) from Perth. It is at the foot of the escarpment next to the Madura Pass down from the Nullarbor Plain.
Madura was settled in 1876 as a place to breed quality cavalry horses for the British Indian Army for use in the Northwest Frontier region of India (now part of Pakistan). The horses were shipped from the coast at Eucla. (Cervantes, north of Perth, was also used for breeding.) The site was chosen as it was one of the few with free flowing bore water in the area.
Two kilometres west of Madura is a scenic lookout with sweeping views of the Madura Pass across the escarpment and the Roe Plains. Natural blowholes may also be found nearby. The area is used for pastoral purposes, mainly sheep rearing.
Surrounding Madura is the Madura Shelf stretching 265 600 square kilometres of predominately sedimentary rock, part of the Bight Basin which has been found to contain crude oil and geothermal gradients.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Madura (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
- Sydney Morning Herald (8 February 2004). "Travel – Madura". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 October 2006.
- Bradshaw, B.E. & Pepper, M.R. (2003). "Madura Shelf". Geoscience Australia. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- "Polda Basin – Petroleum and Geothermal in South Australia" (PDF). Primary Industries and Resources SA. 2005–2008. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- "Bight Basin". Geoscience Australia. 2009. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
- Main Roads, Western Australia (2006) Distance book: distances to towns and localities in Western Australia East Perth, W.A. Main Roads ISBN 0-7309-7668-8
Media related to Madura, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons