Madrid Central is a low-emission zone located in the center of Madrid. It was inaugurated on November 30, 2018. There is little industry in the center of the city, and vehicular traffic has been responsible for a significant proportion of emissions there.
Under the Madrid Central Scheme, traffic has been restricted and residents' cars have been given priority for parking in a Residential Priority Area (APR). Madrid Central was Spain's first low-emission zone, although Pontevedra had effectively created such a zone by pedestrianising much of its city center.
Approved by the Governing Board of the City Council of Madrid on October 29, 2018, its inauguration was initially scheduled for November 23, 2018, but was delayed until November 30, 2018 due to the request of the Business Confederation of Madrid-CEOE so that the implementation of the protocol did not coincide with Black Friday.
With the exception of residents and guests, vehicle traffic was restricted to electric or hybrid vehicles, with a transitory period until 2020 giving additional access of diesel and gasoline vehicles on condition of parking in a parking space.
Despite the success of the scheme in reducing emissions, during the campaign for the Madrid City Council election in May 2019, the Partido Popular promised to dismantle Madrid Central, which was associated with the leftist Ahora Madrid party. In September 2019 the new mayor Martínez-Almeida, who was governing in coalition, announced a plan for a less ambitious alternative to Madrid Central, called Madrid 360.
The perimeter of Madrid Central, an area of 472 hectares, is formed by Alberto Aguilera Street, Carranza Street, Sagasta Street, Genoa Street, Paseo de Recoletos, Paseo del Prado, Ronda de Atocha, Ronda de Valencia, round of Toledo, Gran Vía de San Francisco, Bailén street, Plaza de España, Princesa street and Serrano Jover street.
- Planelles, Manuel (2017). "Spain's major cities still failing". El Pais in English. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- "La Junta de Gobierno aprueba Madrid Central, un día "histórico" para la ciudad". ABC (in Spanish). 2018-10-29. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "La puesta en marcha de Madrid Central se retrasa al 30 de noviembre". El Huffington Post (in Spanish). 2018-10-24. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- País, El (2018-11-30). "Así te hemos contado la puesta en marcha de Madrid Central". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Madrid Central, no apto para todos". Muévete en verde (in Spanish). 2018-11-30. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Madrid Central reduce las emisiones contaminantes un 38% desde su inicio". www.publico.es. 2019-03-14. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- Medina, Miguel Ángel (2019-03-14). "Las emisiones contaminantes se reducen un 38% en Madrid Central". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Madrid 360: Almeida relaja..." Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- Vilaseró, Manuel (2018-11-29). "Carmena abre camino con la primera zona de bajas emisiones de España". elperiodico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
- "Madrid Central: Guía con todo lo que debes saber sobre las restricciones al tráfico". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2018-05-23. Retrieved 2019-03-24.