Mr. Bhuiyan has had a service career in the government since 1981. Some of the positions that he held include Cabinet Secretary (2011–2015); Secretary of the Economic Relations Division at the Ministry of Finance (2008–2011); Secretary of the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (2007–2008); Chairman of the Bangladesh, Oil, Gas and Mineral Corporation (PetroBangla) (2005–2006); and Commercial Counsellor, Bangladesh Mission, Dubai, UAE (2002-2005). He was a faculty member at Bangladesh Public Administration Training Center, Dhaka (1991–1996).
- "Ramadan office hours 9am-3:30pm". The Daily Star. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "ACC to investigate only corruption, bribery now". The Daily Star. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Musharraf Hossain Bhuiyan made WB alternate executive director". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 18 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)