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Moily was the former Chief Minister (and the first ethnic Tuluva CM) of the Indian state of Karnataka (19 Nov 1992 – 11 Dec 1994). He was elected to Karnataka state legislative assembly from Karkala constituency of Udupi district. From 2009 to 2019, he represented the Chikballapur constituency in Lok Sabha. But he lost in 2019 to a BJP candidate when BJP won 25 seats out of 28 Lok Sabha seats in Karnataka. He was the former Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister of Corporate Affairs and Minister of Power in the Indian government.
He is also currently serving as the All India Congress Committee General Secretary in charge of Andhra Pradesh. He is regarded as one of the senior members of the Congress Party, and a close adviser for the Congress Leader Sonia Gandhi.
Early life and education
Veerappa Moily was born in a Tulu-speaking family in Marpadi Village, Moodbidri erstwile South Canara. He belong to Devadiga community. He did his B.A. from Government College (now known as University College) situated at Hampankatta in Mangalore city. He completed his B.L. from University Law College, Bengaluru.
- The Prime Minister advised the President of India that M. Veerappa Moily, Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas shall be given additional charge of the work of Ministry of Environment & Forests.
- 2012: Petroleum Minister w.e.f. 28.10.2012
- 2011–2012: Cabinet Minister of Corporate Affairs, Govt. of India
- 2009-2011: Cabinet Minister of Law and Justice, Govt. of India <http://www.legallyindia.com/201101181698/News/moily-to-lose-law-ministry-after-todays-cabinet-reshuffle-guesses-media>
- 2006–2009: Chairman of the Oversight Committee for implementation of 27 per cent reservation for OBCs in central educational institutions
- 2002–2004: Chairman, Revenue Reforms Commission
- 2005-2009: Chairman, 2nd Administrative Reform Commission.
- 2000–2002: Chairman, Tax Reforms Commission
- 1992–1994: Chief Minister of Karnataka
- 1989–1992: Minister for Law, Youth Service, Culture, Information, Parliamentary Affairs and Education, Govt. of Karnataka
- 1983–1985: Leader of Opposition, Karnataka Assembly
- 1980–1982: Minister for Finance and Planning, Govt. of Karnataka
- 1974–1977: Minister for Small Scale Industries, Govt. of Karnataka
- Appointed to various committees by Indira Gandhi one of which led to the setting up of National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
- Practiced law in the courts of Karkala, Mangalore, High Court in Bangalore and at the Supreme Court of India.
- Led the implementation of economic reforms in Karnataka in 1992 and also responsible for drafting & implementing the Karnataka Land Reforms Act in 1974.
- Led several projects, policies and achievements of the State of Karnataka in ministries and sectors such as Finance, Irrigation and Power, Urban Development and Infrastructure, Housing and Rural Development, Empowerment, Education and Culture.
- Author of epic poem Sri Ramayana Mahanveshanam in five volumes containing 42,295 lines in Kannada. It is also being translated into Hindi and being published by Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts, New Delhi.
- Authored ‘Musings on India’ Part 1 & 2 in English containing articles on contemporary issues including public finance.
- Regular columnist for leading print publications and electronic media.
- Currently writing a book on the steps to be taken to make India an economic superpower by year 2020.
Summary of achievements
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Chairman of Tax Reforms Commission
- Formulated a systematic reform of the tax system resulting in improved revenue productivity and competitiveness of the State of Karnataka.
- Karnataka Chief Minister SM Krishna, implemented 80% of the recommendations from the commission resulting in tax revenues increases of Rs. 2200 crores in 2003-04 from recommendations of the commission.. Tax exemption
Chairman of Revenue Reforms Commission
- Report submitted during November 2003 recommending reforms in Irrigation, Health, Education and Forest Departments
- Revenue increases of Rs. 1800 crores from the commission's recommendations.
- Presented the Karnataka State Budgets for 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1980–81, 1981-82 & 1982–83.
- Set records of revenue surplus during every stint as Finance Minister.
Irrigation and Power
- Led unprecedented and huge outlays in irrigation works and helped maximize the irrigation potential of Karnataka.
- Developed innovative financing schemes such as Irrigation bonds which were appreciated by the Reserve Bank of India and the World Bank.
- Cleared and conceived massive works on the power generation and power distribution system in Karnataka that substantially reduced the power shortage position in Karnataka.
- Established Krishna Jalabhagya Nigam scheme which mobilised Rs. 13,000 crores for irrigation projects.
Rural and Urban Development and Infrastructure
- Formulated and implemented various drinking water schemes and employment guarantee schemes and housing schemes.
- Established the Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development and Finance to formulate and appraise infrastructure development projects, mobilization of funds from different sources, implementation of urban infrastructure projects, and capacity building/training on urban development issues.
- Initiated various projects such as the International Airport in Bangalore, International Convention Centre, Konkan Railway, and National Games in Bangalore.
- Sanctioned and implemented the Rs. 1200 crores ADB aid programme for the coastal region of Karnataka.
- Chief Architect of the new Common Entrance Test (CET) system launching an admission policy for technical education founded on merit, transparency and social justice.
- Established the nation's leading law institute, The National Law School University.
- Executed the Total Literacy Programme in the State of Karnataka.
- Worked with the World Bank to execute Universalisation of Primary Education.
- Oversaw the reform in University Education in Karnataka. He established six universities such as Kannada University, Rajiv Gandhi Medical University, Visweshwariah Technical University, Karnataka Open University, Mangalore University and Gulbarga University.
Law Minister Mr. M. Veerappa Moily has a written a book "The edge of time". It is a Kannada novel Tembare which examines, a complex cultural practice of coastal Karnataka, called bhutaradhane, or the worship of hero-spirits. The Pambada community, a marginalised dalit community, has as its hereditary profession, spirit impersonation during elaborate rituals. Mr. Moily explored two responses to this traditional and exploitative profession through two Pambada brothers: one who rebels and opts for formal education, and the other who tries to revive the true spirit of the ancient practice. (courtesy : Prasanta Varma, Advocate, Supreme Court of India). Mr. Moily is an advocate by profession, he entered politics about four decades ago and he became the chief minister of Karnataka in the year 1992.
Moily is a literary figure of some note. He has served as a regular columnist for The Hindu and Deccan Herald (both English-language newspapers) and for Samyukta Karnataka (a Kannada newspaper). He has also authored several books, all in Kannada, being:
- Thembare: A novel and perhaps his most critically acclaimed work, it has been translated into English under the title "The edge of time."
- Kotta: Another novel, made into telefilms in both Kannada and Hindi, directed by M.S. Sathyu.
- Suligali: "Typhoon." A novel.
- Sagaradeepa: "Ocean lamp." A novel.
- Milana: A play.
- Parajitha: A play.
- Premavendare: A play.
- Halu-Jenu Maththe: An anthology of poems.
- Nadeyali Samara: An anthology of poems.
- Yakshaprashne: An anthology of poems.
- Sri Ramayana Mahanveshanam: This poem will be published in five volumes, the first four of which have already been released between February 2001 and March 2004. Originally published in Kannada, the epic poem is now being translated into Hindi.
- Musings on India: A collection of his newspaper articles, Sapna Publications and Full Circle, New Delhi, 2001
Veerappa Moily has written four volumes of an English book called "Unleashing India", which outlines how India can be a super power after 25 to 30 years by leveraging and properly utilising its demographic dividend. The early three volumes of the book dealt with the : one on agriculture, second on water and third on power sector. The fourth volume, "Unleashing India: The Fire of Knowledge" - which illustrates a detailed analysis of the deficiencies in the Indian education system, along with innovative strategies and solutions to address the educational needs of the country in the 21st century - was published on 29 March 2012.
Veerappa Moily is also writing another epic poem on Draupadi and the title is "Shrimudi Parikranam". In an interview to Bar & Bench he said "This is how I go on writing, it is an unstoppable journey".
- After taking charge of Ministry of Environment and Forests he gave nod to many polluting industries in ecological sensitive areas.
- A case has been registered against Veerappa Moily and others saying that they favoured RIL in fixing price for Natural gas.
- Ameen Sadbhavana Award in 2000.
- Devaraj Urs Prashasthi in 2001.
- Aryabhattad in 2001.
- moorthidevi award in 2007
- Saraswati Samman for Shree Ramayana Mahanveshanam in 2014
- "Council of Ministers - Who's Who - Government: National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Government of India. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "M Veerappa Moily opens law firm in New Delhi | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Veerappa Moily - moily.org". moily.org. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "Unleashing India : Powering The Nation by Dr. M. Veerappa Moily (Hardcover)". Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Unleashing India: The Fire of Knowledge (Volume 4)". Amazon. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Conversation with Veerappa Moily, Minister of Law and Justice". Barandbench.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- "Excerpt From the Diary of Veerappa Moily | Greenpeace India". Greenpeace.org. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Allocation of Mahan coal-block in Madya Pradesh To Essar & Hindalco" (PDF). Moef.nic.in. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "ಆತಂಕದ ಕಾರ್ಮೋಡಗಳತ್ತ ಅಭಿವ���ದ್ಧಿಯ ಏಣಿ | ಪ್ರಜಾವಾಣಿ". Prajavani.net. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "FIR against Veerappa Moily and others". thehindu.com. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "Criminal case against Veerappa Moily and others". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "FIR against Veerappa Moily, Mukesh and others". The Indian Express. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
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R. L. Jalappa
| Member of Parliament for
2009 – 2019
B. N. Bache Gowda
| Chief Minister of Karnataka
H. D. Deve Gowda
| Minister of Law and Justice
31 May 2009 – 19 July 2011
| Minister of Corporate Affairs
13 July 2011 – 28 October 2012
| Minister of Power
31 July 2012 – 28 October 2012
Minister of State
| Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
28 October 2012 – 26 May 2014
| Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
24 December 2013 – 26 May 2014