Lutter am Barenberge
|Municipal assoc.||Lutter am Barenberge|
|• Mayor||Karin Rösler-Brandt (SPD)|
|• Total||33.29 km2 (12.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||165 m (541 ft)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Lutter am Barenberge is a market town (Flecken) located in the Goslar district of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Lutter am Barenberge
It is situated between the Harz mountain range in the south and the Hainberg hills in the north, approx. 13 km (8 mi) northwest of Goslar. The municipal area comprises the localities of Nauen and Ostlutter.
Lutter, named after a nearby creek, was founded by Emperor Otto I in 956 as a part of the Gandersheim Abbey estates within the Duchy of Saxony. A water castle was first mentioned in 1259, leased by the Bishops of Hildesheim to local nobles. In various times, it was claimed by the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, but re-acquired by the Hildesheim bishops in 1323. Thereupon the denotation Bischofslutter appeared in order to differ it from nearby Königslutter. The name Lutter am Barenberge (i.e. the Harz mountains) is documented since the 14th century.
In the fierce Hildesheim Diocesan Feud of 1523, Lutter was again conquered by Duke Henry V of Brunswick and the Hildesheim prince-bishop John IV of Saxe-Lauenburg could only retain the locality of Ostlutter. During the Thirty Years' War, the Danish troops under King Christian IV retired to Lutter Castle, where they were defeated by Imperial and Catholic forces led by Count Tilly in the 1626 Battle of Lutter, a rout that changed the course of the Thirty Years' War.
According to the Final Act of the Vienna Congress, the former Hildesheim estates of Ostlutter in 1815 passed to the Kingdom of Hanover (Prussian Province of Hanover from 1866), while Lutter proper remained with the Duchy of Brunswick. Both parts were not re-united until an administrative reform of 1941.
As of 30 June 2018 there were 4,009 inhabitants in Lutter am Barenberge.
2006 local elections:
- Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2019.
- Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Statistik. "Bevölkerungsfortschreibung" (in German).
- "Einwohner der Gemeinden und Ortsteile" (PDF). Landkreis - Goslar.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lutter am Barenberge.|
- Lutter am Barenberge at Curlie
- Notgeld (emergency banknotes) for the town of Lutter am Baranberge depicting King Christian IV's retreat after the Battle of Lutter. http://webgerman.com/Notgeld/Directory/L/Lutter.htm