Critically Imperiled (NatureServe)
L. l. var. barbatus
|Lupinus latifolius var. barbatus|
Lupinus latifolius var. barbatus, the Klamath lupine, sometimes also called bearded lupine, is a very rare plant of the Western U.S., known only from northeastern California and southeastern Oregon. It is a rare variety of the generally common species L. latifolius, which is a member of the bean family.
- Stems stout, more or less fistulous, commonly several to many, branched above, 2 feet (0.61 m) or more high, hairy (glabrous to strigose, or rather villous, especially around the nodes).
- Stipules conspicuous, not adnate, not broad; long, villous with spreading hairs (or hirsute with ascending hairs), 5–10 mm.
- Leaves cauline; petiole 4–20 cm.
- Leaflets about 9, upper surface glabrous to hairy, lower surface sparsely subvillous, 3½ –5 (10) cm.
- Bracts conspicuous, long (8–12 mm), villous, deciduous.
- Raceme open, with a long (8–20 cm) peduncle.
- Pedicels slender, glabrate, 2–5 mm long.
- Flowers 8–10 mm, scattered, mostly pale; apex of the banner normally well reflexed from the upper margins of the wing-petals, its ventral meridian sulcus usually shallow, including very little of the wings. Keel ciliate on the upper edge.
- Ovary not very villous.
- Ovules 6–7.
- Fruit 2–4½ cm, quite densely hairy.
- Seeds 3–4 mm, mottled dark brown.
Distribution, habitat, and ecology
Klamath lupine is distributed from northeastern California to southern Oregon.
"Broadleaf lupine (Lupinus latifolius) is likely top-killed by fire. Established plants are probably resistant to fire-induced mortality because of perennating buds on the deep, lateral root system. It is likely that these characteristics provide for regeneration following fire. Depending on the severity of top-kill by fire, sprouting from the caudex would also be a possibility. Information is lacking on the regeneration of broadleaf lupine seed after fire. Research to date (2006) suggests that broadleaf lupine responds favorably to fire. It was reportedly common or abundant after fire in many locations. The current body of research provides no clear direction for using fire as a management tool for broadleaf lupine populations. The research discussed [in the article] does, however, indicate that fire has a positive influence on broadleaf lupine."
Conservation status and threats
U.S. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Region Sensitive Species
California Native Plant Society List 1B.2
NatureServe California State Rank: S1.2; Global Rank: G1
This plant is threatened by grazing (NatureServe).
This plant most closely resembles other varieties of L. latifolius, and could potentially be confused for L. polyphyllus var. burkei. It occurs between about 4,925 feet (1,501 m) to 8,200 feet (2,500 m) above sea level, and flowers during June and July.
- Abrams, Leroy (1944). "Lupinus latifolius var. ligulatus (Greene) C.P. Smith". Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States, Vol. II: Buckwheats to Kramerias. Stanford University Press. p. 514.
- Applegate, Elmer I. (Sep 1939). "Plants of Crater Lake National Park". The American Midland Naturalist. 22 (2): 278. doi:10.2307/2420311.
- Henderson, L.F. (June 1900). "New Plants from Idaho and from Other Localities of the Northwest". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 27 (6): 345.
- Sholars, Teresa (1993). "Lupinus". In James C. Hickman (ed.). The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press. p. 632.
- Jepson, Willis Lynn (1936). A Flora of California, Vol. II: Capparidaceae to Cornaceae. University of California Press. p. 260.
- Munz, Philip A.; David D. Keck (1959). A California Flora. University of California Press. pp. 827–828.
- Wynd, F. Lyle (November 1936). "Flora of Crater Lake National Park". The American Midland Naturalist. 17 (6): 922. doi:10.2307/2420559.
- "Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants (online edition, v7-07a)". California Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2007-03-30.
- Reeves, Sonja L. (2006). "Lupinus latifolius". Fire Effects Information System. USDA FS RMRS Fire Sciences Laboratory. Retrieved 2007-03-30.
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