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The Duke of Medinaceli
|Born||2 August 1660|
|Died||26 January 1711(aged 50)|
|Title||9th Duke of Medinaceli|
|Parent(s)||Don Juan Francisco de la Cerda and |
Doña Catalina de Aragón Folc de Cardona y Córdoba
Eldest son of Valido Don Juan Francisco de la Cerda and Doña Catalina de Aragón Folc de Cardona y Córdoba, he inherited the titles of his father: Duke of Medinaceli, Duke of Alcalá de los Gazules, Marquis of Cogolludo, Marquis of Tarifa and Marquis of Alcalá de la Alameda, and from his mother Duke of Segorbe, Duke of Cardona, Duke of Lerma, Count of Empúries, Marquis of Denia, Marquis of Comares, Marquis of Pallars, and twice Grandee of Spain, making him one of the most important Spanish aristocrats of his time.
During the reign of King Charles II of Spain he served in Italy, being ambassador to the Holy See of Pope Innocent XII, and Viceroy and Captain General of Naples. From 1699 he was a member of the Spanish Council of State.
When Charles II died, he was appointed Prime Minister at the beginning of the War of Spanish Succession by the new King Philip V of Spain. More and more opposed to the strong French influence at the Spanish Court, he leaked in 1710 a secret French plan to the English about efforts to conclude a separate peace with the Dutch Republic. For this, he was incarcerated in the Alcázar of Segovia and later transferred to the castle of Pamplona, where he died the next year.
He married María de las Nieves Girón y Sandoval, daughter of Gaspar Téllez-Girón, 5th Duke de Osuna, who survived him. There being no surviving children from the marriage, his titles went to his nephew Nicolás Fernández de Córdoba, son of his sister Feliche María de la Cerda y Aragón.
His collection included paintings now in the collection of the Prado.:
Francisco de Benavides
| Viceroy of Naples
Juan Manuel Fern��ndez Pacheco, 8th Marquis of Villena
Juan Francisco de la Cerda
| Duke of Medinaceli
Nicolás Fernández de Córdoba
- , Prado website (www.museodelprado.es)