Louisa Anne Ryland
|Born||14 January 1814|
|Died||28 January 1889 (aged 75)|
|Resting place||Sherbourne, Warwickshire|
Louisa Anne Ryland (17 January 1814 – 28 January 1889) was a major benefactor to the (then) town of Birmingham, England. She became a millionaire on the death of her father, Samuel Ryland of The Laurels, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, whose family fortune was made in the wire drawing industry by his father, John Ryland.
Louise Anne Ryland was born on 17 January 1814 to Samuel Ryland and Anne Pemberton. Samuel Ryland's father had made his fortune through wire drawing and then land investment around Birmingham, a portfolio that had been continued by Samuel. Ryland was brought up largely by her governess, Charlotte Randle, in a unitarian household. Samuel Ryland died in 1843 and Anne in 1862.
Ryland's donations included several large areas of land that were used to create public parks. The largest of these, donated in 1873, was some 80 acres (320,000 m2) and became Cannon Hill Park. Another, in 1879, was Victoria Park (now Small Heath Park), Small Heath. She also contributed to education centres Birmingham School of Art and Midland Institute, as well as multiple hospitals, Queen's Hospital, the Eye Hospital, the Jaffray Hospital and Birmingham General Hospital.
Ryland became one of Birmingham's most significant philanthropists, donating approximately £180,000 worth approximately £132 million in 2018.[note 1] However, it is difficult to confirm the actual amount donated, as Ryland refused to be associated with the donations, giving them either anonymously or as "A friend of Birmingham".
- "Obituary". The Times. London, England. 29 January 1889. p. 7. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- "Death of Miss Ryland". Leamington Spa Courier. 2 February 1889. p. 5. Retrieved 6 August 2014 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "Louisa Ryland". Digital Ladywood. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- "Ryland, Louisa Anne (1814–1889)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/103438. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)