The Duchess of Abercorn
Painting of Louisa Hamilton, by Edwin Henry Landseer
Lady Louisa Jane Russell
8 July 1812
|Died||31 March 1905 (aged 92); burial 5 April 1905|
Coates Castle, Coates, West Sussex, England
|Burial place||Chenies, Buckinghamshire|
|Spouse(s)||James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn|
|Children||Harriett Anson, Countess of Lichfield|
Beatrix Lambton, Countess of Durham
Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch
Katherine Edgcumbe, Countess of Mount Edgcumbe
James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn
Georgiana Turnour, Countess Winterton
Lord Claud Hamilton
Lord George Hamilton
Albertha Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
Lord Ronald Hamilton
Maud Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne
Lord Cosmo Hamilton
Lord Frederick Spencer Hamilton
Lord Ernest Hamilton
|Parent(s)||John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford|
Lady Georgina Gordon
Louisa Jane Hamilton, Duchess of Abercorn, VA (née Lady Louisa Jane Russell) (8 July 1812 – 31 March 1905) was a member of the British aristocracy. She was the sister of Prime Minister John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, and among her descendants are two British princesses (Diana and Sarah) and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.
She was the wife of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, and the daughter of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford, by his second wife, Lady Georgiana Gordon. She was the mother of Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch, and therefore the paternal great grandmother of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal 2nd great-grandmother of Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester. She was also the mother of James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn, and therefore the paternal great-grandmother of Cynthia Spencer, Countess Spencer, and the paternal 3rd great-grandmother of Diana, Princess of Wales, and the maternal 4th great-grandmother of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry. Through her daughter Lady Louisa Hamilton she also is the maternal 3rd great-grandmother of Sarah, Duchess of York.
Early life, marriage, and family
On Thursday, 25 October 1832, at Gordon Castle, Fochabers, Morayshire, Scotland, Louisa married James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Abercorn, the son of James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton, and Harriet Douglas. Louisa and James had fourteen children, among them seven daughters, all of whom were ordered to marry into the peerage and no one beneath the rank of an earl:
- Lady Harriett Georgiana Louisa Hamilton (6 July 1834 – 23 April 1913), married 10 April 1855 Thomas Anson, 2nd Earl of Lichfield, and had issue
- Lady Beatrix Frances Hamilton (21 July 1835 – 21 January 1871), married in London 23 May 1854 George Lambton, 2nd Earl of Durham, and had issue
- Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton (26 August 1836 – 16 March 1912), married in London 22 November 1859 William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch, and had issue
- James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn (24 August 1838 – 3 January 1913)
- Lady Katherine Elizabeth Hamilton (9 January 1840 ��� 3 September 1874), married 26 October 1858 William Edgcumbe, 4th Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, and had issue
- Lady Georgiana Susan Hamilton (7 July 1841 – 23 March 1913), married in London 16 March 1882 Edward Turnour, 5th Earl Winterton, and had issue
- Lord Claud John Hamilton (20 February 1843 – 26 January 1925)
- Lord George Francis Hamilton (17 December 1845 – 22 September 1927)
- Lady Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton (29 July 1847 – 7 January 1932), married at the Palace of Westminster, London, 8 November 1869 George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough, and had issue, divorced 20 November 1883
- Lord Ronald Douglas Hamilton (17 March 1849 – November 1867)
- Lady Maud Evelyn Hamilton (17 December 1850 – 21 October 1932), married at Westminster Abbey, London, 8 November 1869 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, and had issue
- Lord Cosmo Hamilton (16 April 1853 – 16 April 1853)
- Lord Frederick Spencer Hamilton (13 October 1856 – 11 August 1928)
- Lord Ernest William Hamilton (5 September 1858 – 14 December 1939)
In 1881, Louisa was invested as a Lady of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert (3rd class).
The Duchess of Abercorn died at Coates Castle, Coates, West Sussex, England on Friday, 31 March 1905, aged 92. She survived her husband by almost twenty years.
She was interred on Wednesday, 5 April 1905, in Chenies, Buckinghamshire; she left an estate worth over £24,000.
Titles, honours, and awards
- 8 July 1812 – 25 October 1832: The Lady Louisa Jane Russell
- 25 October 1832 – 10 August 1868: The Most Honourable The Marchioness of Abercorn
- 10 August 1868 – 1881: Her Grace The Duchess of Abercorn
- 1881 – 31 October 1885: Her Grace The Duchess of Abercorn, VA
- 31 October 1885 – 31 March 1905: Her Grace The Dowager Duchess of Abercorn
|Ancestors of Louisa Hamilton, Duchess of Abercorn|
- G. E. Cokayne, et al., eds, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 1910-1959, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000, volume I, p. 9
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, p. 321.
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999, volume 1, p. 5.
- G. E. Cokayne, et al., eds, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 1910-1959, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000, volume VIII, p. 503.
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999, volume 1, p. 661.