|Full name||London Welsh Rugby Football Club|
|Union||Middlesex RFU, Wales RU|
|Nickname(s)||Exiles, Dragons, Welsh|
|Location||Richmond, Richmond upon Thames, London, England|
|Ground(s)||Old Deer Park (Capacity: 5000 (1,000 seats))|
London Welsh Rugby Football Club (Welsh: Clwb Rygbi Cymry Llundain) was a rugby union club formed in 1885. Based in Old Deer Park, Richmond-upon-Thames, London Welsh RFC played in the English Premiership in the 2012–13 and 2014–15 seasons, after gaining promotion from the RFU Championship in the 2012 and 2014 play-off final. The club returned to Old Deer Park in 2015 after three seasons at the Kassam Stadium, Oxford.
The club went into liquidation in December 2016 under Chairman Bleddyn Phillips, and was given a temporary licence to complete two fixtures in the Championship. On 24 January 2017 it was announced that London Welsh had been removed from the RFU Championship and their results expunged. The RFU stated that their place in the league was "untenable" and the club were dissolved. The remnants of the defunct club were amalgamated into their amateur set up.
During professionalism, London Welsh's first-XV squad were fully professional, and they were complemented with the London Welsh Amateurs, Druids and Occies. Following the changes at the club in the 2016/17 season the club operates the 1st XV and Druids 2nd XV that form the performance playing squad, the Occies 3rd XV and the Under 23s Griffins player pathway.
London Welsh has one of the longest-standing women's sides – LWWRFC – which celebrated thirty years of women's rugby at the club in the 2015–16 season. While still being amateur, the club has succeeded both in XVs in the winter and 7s during the summer as well as players representing England at the regional level and on the Wales national touch team. There is also a mini and junior section.
London Welsh enjoyed great success in the late 1960s. John Dawes was appointed captain, and effectively also as coach, for the 1965-66 season. He initially significantly increased fitness levels, and then led the club in an open, running, quick-passing, attacking style of rugby, including an overlapping full-back, and relatively skilled forwards. One 1968-69 performance was described by journalist John Reason as "one of the most brilliant exhibitions of club football it has been my privilege to see," and by journalist Terry O'Connor as "the finest display by a club team I can remember', further describing London Welsh 'switching attacks with speed and handling skill.' 
In December 2006, London Welsh revealed their ambition to leave the English league and become the fifth Welsh team in the Celtic League. The club later appeared to go back on this report, claiming they had been misquoted and said this would only be considered if the English Premiership decided to prohibit promotion/relegation, but confirmed their hopes of ground-sharing with Brentford FC either at their current stadium Griffin Park or a new 20,000 seat ground to be built at Lionel Road, near Kew Bridge.
2009–12: Championship era
In June 2009, the club went into administration shortly after turning professional. They were bought from the receivers in July 2009 by Saudex Global, owned by Neil Hollinshead, and allowed to continue in The Championship, albeit with a five-point deduction. According to the BBC in March 2011, court documents show that Hollinshead is "alleged to have submitted forged documents and fake bank account details in order to continue his control of London Welsh and that he repeatedly lied to ensure that ownership of London Welsh was transferred over to him." The former shareholders of London Welsh RFC rescinded the 2009 agreement, by which they sold the shares of the club to Hollinshead, and had regained control by January 2010.
The 2010–11 season was the club's 125th anniversary and to kick off the celebrations they held a military tattoo on the evening of Wednesday 25 August at Old Deer Park with the Band and Corps of Drums of the Welsh Guards, plus the London Welsh Rugby Club Choir.
2012–15: Premiership era and relocation to Oxford
On 1 June 2012, it was revealed that Crystal Palace co-chairman Steve Parish had approached senior figures at the club about a possible ground-share at Selhurst Park, as the club's plans to play their matches at Kassam Stadium in Oxford were deemed unsuitable by the RFU, after securing promotion to the English Premiership. However a legal appeal by the club against the RFU's actions was upheld on 28 June 2012, after the appeal panel ruled that the criteria were in breach of EU and UK competition laws. Promotion was ultimately secured when it was announced that Newcastle Falcons, the club facing relegation from the Premiership, would not appeal against the ruling. A move to the Kassam Stadium was then confirmed for the 2012–13 season.
In 2013 London Welsh caused controversy by fielding an ineligible player (Tyson Keats) in nine league matches during the season, eventually receiving a 5-point deduction and £10,000 fine.
On 14 April 2013, London Welsh were relegated from the English Premiership in their first season (pending the winners of the RFU Championship meeting the Premiership entry requirements) after a 14–31 defeat at home to Northampton Saints. Newcastle Falcons were eligible for promotion and therefore confirmed Welsh's relegation.
On 4 June 2014, London Welsh won promotion to the English Premiership again, defeating Bristol Rugby 27–8 at home and 21–20 away, 48–28 on aggregate. However, the club endured a difficult season back in the English top flight, and suffered defeat in all of their 22 league fixtures of the regular season, claiming only 1 bonus point throughout the entire campaign. The team therefore finished bottom and was relegated to the RFU Championship for the 2015–16 season. The team was also defeated in every single European Challenge Cup game, as well as every single Anglo-Welsh cup game. As a result, they became the first top-flight English side for over 10 years to suffer defeat in every single competitive match over a season.
2015–present: return to Richmond and liquidation
The club left Oxford and returned to Old Deer Park at the end of the 2014–15 season. Following the return the club, led by Head Coach Rowland Phillips, went on to win the British and Irish Cup, beating Yorkshire Carnegie 10–33. Phillips then moved on to take up a coaching role with the Welsh Rugby Union. He was succeeded by forwards coach James Buckland who took the role of Head Coach, assisted by Sonny Parker and Richard Tonkin.
HMRC petitioned the High Court to wind up the club in September 2016 due to unresolved debts. The debts were paid and the petition was dismissed by the High Court. HMRC returned to court with a second winding-up petition in October 2016 and the insolvency court granted a stay of two weeks to arrange refinancing. After failing to pay their debts, the club went into voluntary liquidation on 23 December 2016. The club ceased to be a member of the RFU at that point and the liquidator stated that London Welsh would not be fulfilling the club's fixtures in the league. A separate entity, "Rugby 1885 Limited", was created on 21 December 2016. The club were deducted 20 points from the Championship dropping them from 5th to 12th. Rugby 1885 Limited were granted a temporary licence to complete London Welsh's two fixtures until a further decision on their future in the Championship. When the temporary licence expired on 17 January 2017, the RFU Board met and extended a deadline to allow the new entity to show it could meet RFU regulations. After a further deadline was not met, on 24 January 2017 it was announced by the RFU that London Welsh had been removed from the Championship and their results expunged. The RFU stated that their place in the league was "untenable".
In 2017 London Welsh decided not to re-form a new club but to focus on its amateur set-up, with the 1st XV playing in the Herts/Middlesex 1 division under the name London Welsh, and its 3 other teams, the London Welsh Druids, London Welsh Occies and London Welsh Women, playing lower down the pyramid system. London Welsh announced a five-year plan in May 2017 to get the club back into the national leagues by being promoted 4 times, bringing in ex-players Sonny Parker as Director of Rugby and Cai Griffiths as Head Coach, and Pete Lowe as Team Manager. In 2018 Sonny Parker left, and Tom May and Will Taylor were recruited as coaches. In 2019 Tom May left and Steven Shingler took over as backs coach.
- Middlesex Sevens winners (8 times): 1930, 1931, 1956, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1984
- Hawick Sevens
- Champions (1): 1969
- John Player Cup runner-up 1985
- Courage League Division 5 South champions: 1994–95
- RFU Championship champions (2 times): 2011–12, 2013–14
- British and Irish Cup winners 2015–16
Merit Table Rugby
Sunday Telegraph Pennants
- English-Welsh champions 1967–68, 1970–71
runner-up 1965–66 third 1971–72
- English champions 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1977–78, 1978–79,
runner-up 1965–66, 1971–72 third 1972–73
- Welsh champions 1970–71, 1971–72
Herts & Middlesex 1 Champions 2017/18 season
London 3 NW Champions 2018/19 Season
- Welsh Championship champions 1972–73
runner-up 1967–68, 1971–72
- Anglo-Welsh third 1978–79
- Welsh Merit Table champions 1971–72
- National Division 4 – runner-up, 1995–6 (fourth tier of English rugby) 
- Jewson National League 1 – 3rd, 1997–98 (third tier of English rugby)
- Lowest league position 6th 1993–4 Courage League Division 5 South (5th tier)
- Highest league position 12th Aviva Premiership 2012–13 (1st tier) 
Notable former players
Players who have won international and Lions caps
Seven London Welsh players were selected for the 1971 tour to New Zealand (a Lions record which remains unbroken to this day): captain John Dawes (now London Welsh president), JPR Williams, Gerald Davies, Mervyn Davies, John Taylor (now Managing Director and ITV commentator), Mike Roberts and Geoff Evans.
British and Irish Lions
The following former players were selected for the British and Irish Lions touring squads while playing for London Welsh.
Wales International Captains
The following former players captained the Wales national rugby union team while playing for London Welsh.
See also Wales rugby union captains
Other notable former players
- See also Category:London Welsh RFC players
London Welsh Football Club
- Jones, Stephen; Beken, Paul (1985). Dragon in Exile, The Centenary History of London Welsh R.F.C. London: Springwood Books. ISBN 0-86254-125-5.
- "London Welsh: RFU refuses permission for Exiles to stay in Championship". BBC Sport. 24 January 2017.
- Jones (1985), pg 3.
- The Man Who Changed the World of Rugby - John Dawes and the Legendary 1971 British Lions, Ross Reyburn
- see section below
- Maidment, Neil (23 June 2009). "Rugby-London Welsh Rugby forced into administration". Reuters. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
- "Rescued Welsh handed five-point deduction for new campaign". yourlocalguardian.co.uk. 20 July 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2009.
- "London Welsh RFC 'fraud': RFU changes rules". BBC News. BBC. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "London Welsh not eligible for Premiership promotion". BBC News. BBC. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- "London Welsh poised for appeal against points deduction". Standard. Standard. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "London Welsh 14–31 Northampton". 14 April 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2016 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "London Welsh Rugby Club – News". London-welsh.co.uk. 20 July 2016. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "Championship club to go into liquidation". BBC Sport. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "London Welsh granted temporary licence despite losing half their players". BBC Sport. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "RFU update on London Welsh RFC". Rugby Football Union. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Hawick Sevens". 7 June 2019.
- "Hampshire Rugby". Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- Dragon in Exile, The Centenary History of London Welsh R.F.C, Stephen Jones and Paul Beken, Springwood Books, London, 1985
-  Archived 3 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Reports Display Page". Retrieved 28 September 2016.
-  Archived 20 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "The history of rugby through its competitions". Rugbyarchive.net. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "London Welsh – Club Contacts". Archived from the original on 19 October 2009.