The local government areas of Western Australia (LGAs) are those areas, towns and districts in Western Australia that manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995. The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local governments, established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose.
There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:
- City – predominantly urban, some larger regional centres
- Town – predominantly inner urban, plus Port Hedland
- Shire – predominantly rural or outer suburban areas
The Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act which allows the Western Australian Local Government Act to apply "on-island" as though it were a Commonwealth act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.
Western Australia had the Towns Improvement Act 1838, which was the first form of local government organisation in Australia.
Historically, two types of local government existed – municipalities, which represented towns or condensed urban areas, and road districts, which represented all other regions. For instance, the Perth Road District was the precursor to the City of Stirling. Only a few cities – Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands – existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns.
|Local government area||Council seat||Year est.||Land area||Population||Notes|
|km²||sq mi||Density (2018)||2013||2018|
|Armadale, City of||Armadale||1894||560||216||157||72,662||87,634||Armadale-Kelmscott until 1979|
|Bassendean, Town of||Bassendean||1901||10||4||1,521||15,828||15,739||West Guildford until 1922|
|Bayswater, City of||Morley||1897||35||14||1,971||69,083||68,232|
|Belmont, City of||Cloverdale||1898||40||15||1,042||39,919||41,510|
|Cambridge, Town of||Floreat||1994||22||8||1,297||27,856||28,481||Split from Perth|
|Canning, City of||Cannington||1907||65||25||1,433||93,491||92,965||Placed under control of a Commissioner in 2012|
|Claremont, Town of||Claremont||1898||5||2||2,160||10,220||10,704|
|Cockburn, City of||Spearwood||1871||168||65||668||102,787||112,165||Fremantle RD until 1959|
|Cottesloe, Town of||Cottesloe||1895||3.9||2||2,151||8,409||8,188|
|East Fremantle, Town of||East Fremantle||1897||3.1||1||2,489||7,740||8,711|
|Fremantle, City of||Fremantle||1871||19||7||1,624||30,156||30,868|
|Gosnells, City of||Gosnells||1907||127||49||969||119,381||123,325|
|Joondalup, City of||Joondalup||1998||99||38||1,618||164,414||160,031||Split from Wanneroo|
|Kalamunda, City of||Kalamunda||1897||324||125||182||58,622||58,946||Governed by commissioner until 1961|
|Kwinana, City of||Kwinana Town Centre||1954||120||46||363||34,707||43,511|
|Melville, City of||Ardross||1900||53||20||1,929||104,319||101,940|
|Mosman Park, Town of||Mosman Park||1899||4.3||2||2,086||9,217||9,067||Split from Peppermint Grove RD. Buckland Hill RD 1899–1908, 1930–1937; Cottesloe Beach RD 1908–1930|
|Mundaring, Shire of||Mundaring||1903||643||248||61||39,644||39,139||Greenmount until 1932|
|Nedlands, City of||Nedlands||1893||20||8||1,148||22,665||22,554||Claremont RD until 1932|
|Peppermint Grove, Shire of||Peppermint Grove||1895||1.1||0||1,612||1,694||1,721|
|Perth, City of||Perth||1856||14||5||2,024||24,317||27,762|
|Rockingham, City of||Rockingham||1897||258||100||518||119,300||133,389|
|Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Shire of||Mundijong||1894||901||348||34||22,011||30,933|
|South Perth, City of||South Perth||1892||20||8||2,198||44,348||43,554|
|Stirling, City of||Stirling||1871||105||41||2,103||218,043||220,249||Shire of Perth until 1971|
|Subiaco, City of||Subiaco||1896||5.6||2||3,045||16,466||17,106|
|Swan, City of||Midland||1871||1,043||403||138||123,643||143,374|
|Victoria Park, Town of||Victoria Park||1994||18||7||2,040||36,260||36,601||Split from Perth|
|Vincent, City of||Leederville||1994||11||4||3,172||35,442||36,088||Split from Perth|
|Wanneroo, City of||Wanneroo||1902||683||264||298||176,627||203,679|
Regional local government organisations
- Bunbury Harvey Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of City of Bunbury and Shire of Harvey
- Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of Town of Bassendean, City of Bayswater, City of Belmont, City of Kalamunda, Shire of Mundaring and City of Swan
- Mindarie Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of Town of Cambridge, City of Joondalup, City of Perth, City of Stirling, Town of Victoria Park, City of Vincent and City of Wanneroo
- Murchison Regional Vermin Council, comprising the LGAs of Shire of Cue, Shire of Meekatharra, Shire of Mount Magnet, Shire of Sandstone and Shire of Yalgoo
- Pilbara Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of Shire of Ashburton, Shire of East Pilbara, City of Karratha and Town of Port Hedland
- Rivers Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of City of Armadale, City of Gosnells, City of Mandurah, Shire of Murray, Shire of Serpentine-Jarrahdale and City of South Perth
- Southern Metropolitan Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of City of Cockburn, Town of East Fremantle, City of Fremantle, City of Kwinana and City of Melville
- Tamala Park Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of Town of Cambridge, City of Joondalup, City of Perth, City of Stirling, Town of Victoria Park, City of Vincent and City of Wanneroo
- Warren Blackwood Alliance of Councils, comprising the LGAs of Shire of Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup, Shire of Manjimup and Shire of Nannup.
- Western Metropolitan Regional Council, comprising the LGAs of Town of Claremont, Town of Cottesloe, Town of Mosman Park, Shire of Peppermint Grove and City of Subiaco
- "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Refer Part 3 Division 4 of the "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Gregory, Jenny; Gothard, Janice; Gregory, Jenny; Gothard, Jan (2009), Historical encyclopedia of Western Australia, University of Western Australia Press, ISBN 978-1-921401-15-2 - Berry, Christopher Local Government pp.540-542. the act enabled the establishment of Town Trusts.
- Department of Health. "Local Government contacts". Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
- "People: Population: ERP by LGA (ASGS 2018), 2001 to 2018". ABS.Stat. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
- "ERP by SA2 and above (ASGS 2016), 2001 onwards". ABS.Stat. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- "Bunbury Harvey Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Mindarie Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Murchison Regional Vermin Council". Retrieved 3 August 2017.
- "Pilbara Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Rivers Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Southern Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Tamala Park Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Western Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "Shires of Australia". Statoids.