Elizabeth Mary MacKean (30 November 1964 – 18 August 2017) was a British television reporter and presenter. She worked on the BBC's Newsnight programme and was the reporter on an exposé of Sir Jimmy Savile as a paedophile which was controversially cancelled by the BBC in December 2011. The decision to axe the Newsnight investigation became the subject of the Pollard Inquiry. She and colleague Meirion Jones later won a London Press Club Scoop of the Year award for their work on the story. She also won the 2010 Daniel Pearl Award for her investigation of the Trafigura toxic dumping scandal.
In 2014, she reported on Russian vigilante gangs who entrap and attack gay men. Hunted won multiple awards, including the Grierson award for best current affairs documentary, and led to a follow-up, Hunted: Gay and Afraid, in which MacKean challenged American evangelical groups who support anti-gay legislation around the world.
MacKean was born in Romsey, Hampshire, the second of four daughters of Tom MacKean, a circuit judge, and his wife Muriel (née Hodder). She was educated at Gordonstoun, a boarding independent school near the village of Duffus in north-east Scotland; she then attended the University of Manchester. After her graduation she worked for a time in a theatre company called Juicy Fruits, as a stand-up comedian.
BBC and Newsnight
She joined the BBC Newsnight programme in 2000, going on to become a specialist on Northern Ireland and covering the unfolding peace and political process, which included interviewing paramilitary figures from both the loyalist and republican sides, sometimes at personal risk. In 2009, she went to Côte d'Ivoire for the programme to report on the toxic dumping scandal involving the independent oil company Trafigura. In 2010, MacKean and five others shared the Daniel Pearl Award for Outstanding International Investigative Reporting for their story "Trafigura's Toxic Waste Dump", which "exposed how a powerful offshore oil trader tried to cover up the poisoning of 30,000 West Africans".
In a long-running series for Newsnight, MacKean highlighted the plight of teenagers leaving the care system, leading to a government promise of action in 2010.
Jimmy Savile and Newsnight
Newsnight launched an investigation into Jimmy Savile's paedophile activities immediately after his death on 29 October 2011. MacKean was the reporter and Meirion Jones was the producer; MacKean was very unhappy when the report was not transmitted before Christmas 2011 and tributes to Savile were broadcast on the BBC. She alleged that her editor Peter Rippon tried to "kill" the Savile story "by making impossible editorial demands". She told a Panorama programme in October 2012: "All I can say is that it was an abrupt change in tone from, you know, one day 'excellent, let's prepare to get this thing on air' to 'hold on'." MacKean also claimed in an email to a friend that Peter Rippon said he was under pressure from his bosses: "PR [Peter Rippon] says if the bosses aren't happy ... [he] can't go to the wall on this one."
The decision to cancel the Newsnight investigation became the subject of the Pollard Inquiry, named after its head, former Sky News executive Nick Pollard. On 19 December 2012, Pollard reported that the "Newsnight investigators were right. They found clear and compelling evidence that Jimmy Savile was a paedophile. The decision by their editor to drop the original investigation was clearly flawed and the way it was taken was wrong". He said Newsnight could have broken the story a year before ITV's Exposure. In a public statement afterwards, MacKean described the failure to run the story as a "breach in our duty to the women who trusted us to reveal that Jimmy Savile was a paedophile". However, the BBC has asserted that Panorama found no evidence to suggest that Rippon was pressured from above to drop the report ahead of the Christmas tribute to Savile.
MacKean took voluntary redundancy, while her producer Meirion Jones was sacked. "When the Savile scandal broke", she told Nick Cohen of The Observer in 2015, "the BBC tried to smear my reputation. They said they had banned the film because Meirion and I had produced shoddy journalism. I stayed to fight them, but I knew they would make me leave in the end. Managers would look through me as if I wasn't there. I went because I knew I was never going to appear on screen again".
Edinburgh Television Festival 2013
In August 2013, MacKean told a session of the Edinburgh Television Festival that the row about excessive severance payments to senior BBC officials went to the heart of problems at the BBC where an "officer class" had been created which was treating the BBC as a "get-rich-quick scheme" for themselves and their colleagues. Later at the Festival the Director General of the BBC, Tony Hall picked up MacKean's remarks and said "I think someone used the phrase 'officer class' and I think that's right. I understand the resentment and anger that is caused". Hall said he would "heal the appalling divide" between staff and senior managers.
It was announced in May 2013 that MacKean had been hired for a "high-level investigation" for the Dispatches programme on Channel 4. MacKean's first broadcast investigation was The Paedophile MP. How Cyril Smith Got Away With It concerning the activities of the Liberal Democrat politician Cyril Smith. The programme was transmitted on 12 September.
MacKean made a series of programmes for Dispatches on changes to Britain's welfare system, as well as the award-winning Hunted and its follow-up Hunted: Gay and Afraid.
Personal life and death
She lived with her wife, Donna Rowlands, and their two children. Former Newsnight colleague Jackie Long recalled: "Their wedding was a perfect illustration of Liz’s character. As we all sat waiting, Liz and Donna walked down the aisle looking stunning to some rather unexpectedly traditional wedding music. Thirty seconds in, it turned into some mad hip hop and they danced the rest of the way down, both women laughing and looking delighted with it all".
- "Spiked Newsnight Savile story is joint winner of London Press Club scoop prize – Press Gazette".
- "Gay and Russian: 'It's hunting season, we are the hunted'".
- "Stonewall celebrates a decade of achievements at final awards". 6 November 2015.
- Grossman, David (20 August 2017). "Liz MacKean obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Liz MacKean". BBC News. 17 November 2005.
- "Liz MacKean". The Times. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017. (subscription required)
- "Liz MacKean".
- BBC. "BBC – Hereford and Worcester – BBC Hereford and Worcester – BBC H&W 20th birthday".
- "The Daniel Pearl Foundation Newsletter, June 2010". Danielpearl.org. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "The challenge facing young care leavers". BBC News. 18 March 2010.
- "Peter Rippon 'tried to kill Jimmy Savile story'". PressGazette. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Dan Sabbagh (21 October 2012). "Jimmy Savile row: Newsnight emails spark 'crisis' at BBC | Media". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Sabbagh & Plunkett (19 December 2012). "Pollard inquiry: BBC 'incapable' of dealing with Jimmy Savile affair". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Jimmy Savile: BBC Newsnight editor steps aside over claims", BBC News, 22 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012
- Cohen, Nick (8 March 2015). "The sinister treatment of dissent at the BBC". The Observer. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- "BBC Savile scoop journalist Liz MacKean says corporation has become 'get rich quick scheme' for 'officer class' – Press Gazette".
- Williams, Christopher (22 August 2013). "BBC officer class enrages people, chief admits". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Plunkett, John (29 May 2013). "Ex-Newsnight reporter Liz Mackean to work on Channel 4 Dispatches film". The Guardian. London.
- "Dispatches reveals How Cyril Smith Abuse Went Unpunished", Channel 4, 12 September 2013
- Mark Lawson "Channel 4's Dispatches on Cyril Smith is uncomfortable but powerful viewing", The Guardian. (blog), 12 September 2013
- "Liz MacKean: A tribute by her former colleagues". Newsnight. 18 August 2017. BBC Two.
- Long, Jackie (22 August 2017). "My friend Liz MacKean: a forensic journalist who had time for people who others ignored". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- "Ex-BBC reporter Liz MacKean dies after stroke". BBC News. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.