|Locale||Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania|
|Dates of operation||1826–1952|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Length||28 miles (45 km)|
The Little Schuylkill Navigation, Railroad and Coal Company (LSRR) was a railway company in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania in the 19th century. The main line ran from Port Clinton to Tamanend, for a total of 28 miles (45 km).
The railroad received a charter from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania on February 28, 1826. Construction began in 1830. The tracks were constructed with strap iron on wood rails. The LSRR operated between Tamaqua, located at the end of the coal rich Panther Creek Valley and the Port Clinton terminus of the Schuylkill Canal, beginning in 1831 with horse-drawn cars and later to a rail junction with the Philadelphia and Reading Railway Company.
Two steam locomotives, built in Liverpool,  were acquired by the railroad in 1833, but the wooden tracks did not support the engines, requiring a resumption of animal powered operations. This over-extended investment nearly bankrupted the young company. It was twelve years later before iron "T" rails belatedly replaced the wooden rails in 1845, and the costly English locomotives were then returned to regular service.
The LSRR completed a junction with the Catawissa Railroad at Tamanend (also called Little Schuylkill Junction) in 1854. In 1857 it built a roundhouse in Tamaqua, housing 21 locomotives and a turntable. In 1863 the company was leased by the Reading Railroad for 93 years. It formally merged with the Reading in 1952.
- Poor, Henry V. (1860). Poor's History of the Railroads and Canals of the United States of America. New York: John H. Schultz and Co. p. 454.
- Heydinger, Earl J. (April 1963). "GROUP VI: The Little Schuylkill". Railway and Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin. Railroads of the First and Second Anthracite Coal Fields of Pennsylvania. 108: 19–28. JSTOR 43518064.
- Korson, George Gershon (1950). Black Rock: Mining Folklore of the Pennsylvania Dutch. North Stratford, NH: Ayer Company Publishers. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-405-10607-1. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- List, Friedrich (1833); Über ein sächsisches Eisenbahn-System als Grundlage eines allgemeinen deutschen Eisenbahn-Systemes, und insbesondere über die Anlegung einer Eisenbahn von Leipzig nach Dresden, page 2.
- "History". Tamaqua Railroad Station. Tamaqua Save Our Station. Retrieved 2017-07-22.
- Serfass, Donald R. (2010). Iron Steps: Illustrated History of Tamaqua, Pennsylvania. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-4515-4765-8. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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