This article may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. (June 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
A child prodigy is defined in psychology research literature as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer. This is a list of young children (under age 10) who displayed a talent in music deemed to make them competitive with skilled adult musicians. The list is sorted by genre and instrument.
|Charles-Valentin Alkan||1813||Piano, composition||5||Entered Paris Conservatoire at age 5, youngest ever admission. |
|Martha Argerich||1941||Piano||4||Orchestral debut at age six|
|Kit Armstrong||1992||Piano||5||Concerto debut at eight; Morton Gould Young Composer Award for five consecutive years|
|Claudio Arrau||1903||Piano||5||Could read notes before letters|
|Emily Bear||2001||Piano||5||Composed and released her first piano album at age five|
|Vincenzo Bellini||1801||Piano||5||Began studying music theory at two, the piano at three, and by the age of five could apparently play well|
|Lili Boulanger||1893||Piano, violin, cello, harp||Attended Louis Vierne's organ classes at the Paris Conservatoire at age six|
|Frédéric Chopin||1810||Piano||7||Wrote his first composition, a polonaise, which is still studied and performed today.|||
|Georges Cziffra||1921||Piano||Entered the Franz Liszt Academy at age nine, after some four years performing in a traveling circus|
|Carl Filtsch||1830||Piano||6||Composed concerto at thirteen; died at age fourteen|
|Evgeny Kissin||1971||Piano||10||Entered music school at age six|
|Franz Liszt||1811||Piano||9||Performed first major concert at age eleven|
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart||1756||Piano, violin||4||One of the most prolific composers of the Classical Era. Performed all over Europe with his father Leopold and sister Nannerl |
|Sergei Prokofiev||1891||Piano||Composed an opera at age nine|
|Camille Saint-Saëns||1835||Piano||5||Gave his first public recital at age five|
- Niccolò Paganini (1782-1840)
- Joseph Joachim (1831-1907)
- Jascha Heifetz (1901-1967)
- Yehudi Menuhin (1916-1999)
- Ida Haendel (1928-2020)
|Samuel Barber||1910||Composer, conductor||7||Attempted an opera at age ten; attended the Curtis Institute of Music at age fourteen|
|Frédéric Chopin||1810||Composer||7||Began concerts and polonaises at age seven; attained notability by age fifteen|
|Felix Mendelssohn||1809||Composer, conductor||9|||
|Gian Carlo Menotti||1911||Composer||7||Composed first opera at age eleven|
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart||1756||Composer||4||His first compositions were Andante (K. 1a) and Allegro (K. 1b)|
|Niccolò Paganini||1782||Composer, violinist||7|||
- Musical Prodigies: Masters at an Early Age by Renee B. Fisher ISBN 0-8096-1854-0
- Musical Prodigies: Perilous Journeys, Remarkable Lives by Claude Kenneson ISBN 1-57467-046-8
- Feldman, David H.; Morelock, M. J. (2011). "Prodigies". In Runco, Mark A.; Pritzker, Steven R. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Creativity. Encyclopedia of Creativity (Second Edition). Academic Press. pp. 261–265. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-375038-9.00182-5. ISBN 978-0-12-375038-9. Lay summary (8 April 2015).
For the purposes of this and future research, a prodigy was defined as a child younger than 10 years of age who has reached the level of a highly trained professional in a demanding area of endeavor.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) – via ScienceDirect (Subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries.)
- Rose, Lacey (2 March 2007). "Whiz Kids". Forbes. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
At the moment, the most widely accepted definition is a child, typically under the age of 10, who has mastered a challenging skill at the level of an adult professional.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Feldman, David Henry (Fall 1993). "Child prodigies: A distinctive form of giftedness". Gifted Child Quarterly. 27 (4): 188–193. doi:10.1177/001698629303700408. ISSN 0016-9862.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- The age at which the musician had their first public performance.
- Conway, David (2012). Jewry in Music: Entry to the Profession from the Enlightenment to Richard Wagner. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-01538-8, pp. 222-224.
- "Martha Argerich Repertoire". Home.swipnet.se. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Kit Armstrong". Freewebs.com. Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Claudio Arrau Biography". Princeton.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Four – Audio Interviews – Daniel Barenboim". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Radio 3 – Composer of the Week – 1. Early promise". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Jachimecki, p. 420.
- Jeffrey Biegel Performer Blog (2006-01-10). "Jeffrey Biegel". Sequenza21.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "PMC ESSAYS: Zakrzewska – Pianists 100 Years Ago (2)". Usc.edu. 2000-08-08. Archived from the original on 2010-02-26. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Music – Artists". BBC. Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2006-02-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Mozart's Vienna". Luxurytraveler.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- The age at which the composer first composed.
- "Samuel Barber". Schirmer.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Fryderyk Chopin: Poet of the Piano". 2008-02-09. Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060110193528/http://www.classicalarchives.com/bios/mendelssohn_bio.html. Archived from the original on January 10, 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2006. Missing or empty
- "Gian Carlo Menotti". Schirmer.com. 1911-07-07. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Cliff Eisen, Stanley Sadie, '(Johann Chrysostom) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed May 9, 2006)
- "Legendary Violinists. Niccolo Paganini". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.