The United States Constitution (Article 1, Section 5) gives the House of Representatives the power to expel any member by a two-thirds vote. Expulsion of a Representative is rare: only five members of the House have been expelled in its history. Three of those five were expelled in 1861 for joining the Confederate States of America.
However, the House has other, less severe measures with which to discipline members. Censure and reprimand are procedures in which the House may vote to express formal disapproval of a member's conduct. Only a simple majority vote is required. Members who are censured must stand in the well of the House chamber to receive a reading of the censure resolution. A reprimand was once considered synonymous with censure, but in 1976 the House defined a reprimand as a less severe punishment. Members who are reprimanded are not required to stand in the well of the house and have the resolution read to them.
|1861||John B. Clark||Democratic||Missouri||Disloyalty to the Union; taking up arms against the United States|
|1861||John W. Reid||Democratic||Missouri||Disloyalty to the Union; taking up arms against the United States|
|1861||Henry C. Burnett||Democratic||Kentucky||Disloyalty to the Union; taking up arms against the United States|
|1980||Michael J. Myers||Democratic||Pennsylvania||Convicted of bribery in the Abscam scandal|
|2002||James Traficant||Democratic||Ohio||Convicted on ten counts including bribery, conspiracy to defraud the United States, corruption, obstruction of justice, tax evasion, and racketeering.|
|1832||William Stanbery||National Republican||Ohio||Insulting the Speaker of the House|
|1842||Joshua Giddings||Whig Party||Ohio||Introduced anti-slavery resolution deemed to be "incendiary".[by whom?] Violated the gag rule prohibiting discussion of slavery.|
|1856||Laurence M. Keitt||Democratic||South Carolina||Assisted in the caning of Charles Sumner|
|1864||Benjamin G. Harris||Democratic||Maryland||Made statements supporting the Confederacy|
|1864||Alexander Long||Democratic||Ohio||Supported recognition of the Confederacy|
|1866||John W. Chanler||Democratic||New York||Insulted the House with resolution containing unparliamentary language|
|1866||Lovell Rousseau||Unconditional Unionist||Kentucky||Assault of Rep. Josiah Grinnell|
|1867||John W. Hunter||Democratic||New York||Unparliamentary language|
|1868||Fernando Wood||Democratic||New York||Unparliamentary language|
|1869||Edward D. Holbrook||Democratic||Idaho Territory||Unparliamentary language|
|1870||Benjamin Whittemore||Republican||South Carolina||Selling military academy appointments|
|1870||John T. Deweese||Republican||North Carolina||Selling military academy appointments|
|1870||Roderick Butler||Republican||Tennessee||Selling military academy appointments|
|1873||Oakes Ames||Republican||Massachusetts||Prior involvement in Crédit Mobilier of America scandal|
|1873||James Brooks||Democratic||New York||Prior involvement in Crédit Mobilier of America scandal|
|1875||John Y. Brown||Democratic||Kentucky||Unparliamentary language|
|1890||William D. Bynum||Democratic||Indiana||Unparliamentary language|
|1921||Thomas L. Blanton||Democratic||Texas||Unparliamentary language|
|1979||Charles Diggs||Democratic||Michigan||Payroll fraud, mail fraud|
|1980||Charles H. Wilson||Democratic||California||Improper use of campaign funds|
|1983||Daniel B. Crane||Republican||Illinois||Sexual misconduct with House page|
|1983||Gerry Studds||Democratic||Massachusetts||Sexual misconduct with House page|
|2010||Charles B. Rangel||Democratic||New York||Improper solicitation of funds, inaccurate financial disclosure statements, failure to pay taxes.|
|1976||Robert L. F. Sikes||Democratic||Florida||Use of office for personal gain|
|1978||Charles H. Wilson||Democratic||California||Making false statements to House committee|
|1978||John J. McFall||Democratic||California||Failure to report campaign contributions|
|1978||Edward Roybal||Democratic||California||Making false statements to House committee, failure to report campaign contributions|
|1984||George V. Hansen||Republican||Idaho||False statements on financial disclosure form|
|1987||Austin J. Murphy||Democratic||Pennsylvania||Allowed another person to cast his vote; misusing House funds|
|1990||Barney Frank||Democratic||Massachusetts||Use of office to fix parking tickets on friend's behalf|
|1995||Bob Dornan||Republican||California||Criticism of President Bill Clinton as having "gave aid and comfort to the enemy" during the Vietnam war in a floor speech|
|1997||Newt Gingrich||Republican||Georgia||Use of tax-exempt organization for political purposes; provided false information to House Ethics Committee|
|2009||Joe Wilson||Republican||South Carolina||Outburst towards President Barack Obama during a speech to a joint session of Congress|
|2012||Laura Richardson||Democratic||California||Use of congressional office staff in 2010 election campaign|
|2020||David Schweikert||Republican||Arizona||Permitting his office to misuse taxpayer dollars, violating campaign finance reporting requirements and other violations of federal law and House rules|
|1899||Brigham Henry Roberts||Democratic||Utah||Denied seat for his practice of polygamy|
|1919||Victor L. Berger||Socialist||Wisconsin||Denied seat on basis of opposition to World War I and conviction under the Espionage Act, the Supreme Court later overturned the conviction|
|1920||Victor L. Berger||Socialist||Wisconsin||After being denied a seat the first time, Wisconsin's 5th congressional district reelected Berger a second time in a special election, to which Congress again refused to seat Berger, leaving the seat open until 1921|
|1967||Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.||Democratic||New York||Mismanaging his committee's budget in previous Congress, excessive absenteeism, misuse of public funds Powell was reelected to the seat for one more term.|
- Censure in the United States
- List of federal political scandals in the United States
- List of federal political sex scandals in the United States
- List of American federal politicians convicted of crimes
- List of United States senators expelled or censured
State and local politics:
- U.S. Constitution Online, Article 1
- CRS Report For Congress Archived 2010-07-07 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archives". CNN.com. April 11, 2002. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-12.
- Painin, Eric (January 26, 1995). "REP. DORNAN REBUKED FOR FLOOR TIRADE". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- "CNN, Politics, retrieved 14 September 2009". Cnn.com. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- "Carter: Obama a target for racism". English.aljazeera.net. 2009-09-16. Retrieved 2010-10-07.
- "Rep. Schweikert sanctioned in rare action on House floor". Roll Call. 2020-07-31. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
- "1967 Year In Review, UPI.com"