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John F. Kennedy Space Center
The civilian John F. Kennedy Space Center, operated by NASA, has one launch complex with two pads on Merritt Island. From 1968–1975, it was the site of 13 Saturn V launches, three crewed Skylab flights and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project; all Space Shuttle flights from 1981–2011, and one Ares 1-X flight in 2009.
|Launch Complex 39A||Active
Owned by NASA,
Leased to SpaceX
|Current: Falcon Heavy, Falcon 9 Block 5|
Prior: Saturn V, Space Shuttle
|Launch Complex 39B||Inactive
Owned by NASA,
will be used by Northrop Grumman Innovation Sys.
|Prior: Saturn V, Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle|
Future: Space Launch System, Omega
|Launch Complex 39C||1963 Plan, Never built
Owned by NASA
|Prior: planned Saturn V, not built|
The military Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), operated by the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force, was the site of all U.S. crewed launches before Apollo 8, as well as many other early Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFB in California, but is the launch site for many NASA uncrewed space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on Air Force launchers. Active launch vehicles are in bold.
Much of the support activity for CCAFS occurs at Patrick Air Force Base to the south, its reporting base.
|Launch Complex 13
(Landing Zone 1 and 2)
|Active - Leased to SpaceX||Current: Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy first stage landing site |
Formerly: Atlas, Atlas Agena
|Space Launch Complex 37B||Active - Used by United Launch Alliance||Current: Delta IV |
Formerly: Saturn I, Saturn IB, planned Saturn C-3
|Space Launch Complex 40||Active - Leased to SpaceX||Current: Falcon 9 Block 5 |
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV, Falcon 9 v1.0, Falcon 9 1.1
|Space Launch Complex 41||Active - Used by United Launch Alliance||Current: Atlas V |
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV
|Launch Complex 47||Active (has been unused for some time)||Current: Rocketsonde Sounding Rocket and Super Loki|
As of 2008[update], the U.S. Air Force committed to lease Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 36 to Space Florida for future use by the Athena III launch system. It is not known if the plan was subsequently implemented.[needs update] Blue Origin leased Complex 36 in 2015, with plans to launch its reusable orbital vehicle from there by 2020.
|Space Launch Complex 36A||Undergoing renovation - Leased to Blue Origin||Atlas/Centaur, Atlas II, New Glenn (future)|
|Space Launch Complex 36B||Undergoing renovation - Leased to Blue Origin||Atlas, Atlas II, Atlas III, New Glenn (future)|
|Space Launch Complex 46||Pending Reactivation||Athena, Trident II, Minotaur IV (future), Vector-R (future)|
|Atlantic Missile Range drop zone||Inactive||High Virgo, Bold Orion, Hound Dog, Skybolt|
|Grand Turk Auxiliary AFB, Grand Turk Island drop zone||Inactive||Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings)|
|Mobile Launch Area||Inactive||Lark, Matador, Snark|
|Eastern SLBM Launch Area||Active||Polaris, Poseidon, Trident|
|Shuttle Landing Facility||Active||Pegasus, X-37B|
|Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip||Active||Navaho, Pegasus, Pegasus XL|
- Gruss, Mike. "SpaceX Leases Florida Launch Pad for Falcon Landings". Spacenews. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Launch Complex 29". Air Force Space & Missile Museum. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- Craig Covault (27 October 2008). "Boeing Joins Commercial Athena III Program". Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "Coming to the Space Coast". Blue Origin. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
- Messier, Doug (11 February 2014). "ATK to Upgrade Space Florida's Launch Complex 46". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Complex 46". robsv.com. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "U.S. Air Force's ORS-5 Satellite To Launch on Minotaur 4".
- "HISTORIC AMERICAN ENGINEERING RECORD, CAPE CANAVERAL AIR FORCE STATION, LAUNCH COMPLEX 34 OPERATIONS SUPPORT BUILDING" (PDF). National Aeronautic and Space Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.