Around 400 Arab towns and villages were depopulated during the 1948 Palestinian exodus. Some places were entirely destroyed and left uninhabitable; others were left with a few hundred residents and were repopulated by Jewish immigrants, then renamed.
Those areas that became a part of Israel and had at least a partial Arab population consisted of approximately 100 villages and two towns. Arabs remained in small numbers in some of the cities (Haifa, Jaffa and Acre); and Jerusalem was divided between Jordan and Israel. Around 30,000 Palestinians remained in Jerusalem in what became the Arab part of it (East Jerusalem). In addition, some 30,000 non-Jewish refugees relocated to East Jerusalem, while 5,000 Jewish refugees moved from the Old City to West Jerusalem on the Israeli side. An overwhelming number of the Arab residents, and other non-Jews such as Greeks and Armenians, who had lived in the cities that became a part of Israel and were renamed (Acre, Haifa, Safad, Tiberias, Ashkelon, Beersheba, Jaffa and Beisan) fled or were expelled. Most of the Palestinians who remain there are internally displaced people from the villages nearby.
There are more than 120 "village memorial books" documenting the history of the depopulated Palestinian villages. These books are based on accounts given by villagers. Rochelle A. Davis has described the authors as seeking "to pass on information about their villages and their values to coming generations".
The towns and villages listed below are arranged according to the subdistricts of Mandatory Palestine they were situated in.
- 1 Towns and cities
- 2 Villages
- 2.1 Acre Subdistrict
- 2.2 Beersheba Subdistrict
- 2.3 Beisan Subdistrict
- 2.4 Gaza Subdistrict
- 2.5 Haifa Subdistrict
- 2.6 Hebron Subdistrict
- 2.7 Jaffa Subdistrict
- 2.8 Jenin Subdistrict
- 2.9 Jerusalem Subdistrict
- 2.10 Nazareth Subdistrict
- 2.11 Ramle Subdistrict
- 2.12 Safad Subdistrict
- 2.13 Tiberias Subdistrict
- 2.14 Tulkarm Subdistrict
- 3 See also
- 4 Notes
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Towns and cities
- Beersheba, military assault, expulsions, 20 October 1948
- Umm al-Rashrash
Al-Faluja, 28 February 1949
Bayt Jibrin, 2005
- Causes of the 1948 Palestinian exodus
- Transfer Committee
- Plan Dalet
- Palestine refugee camps
- 1948 Palestinian exodus from Lydda and Ramle
- List of villages depopulated during the Arab–Israeli conflict
- Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries
- Syrian towns and villages depopulated in the Arab–Israeli conflict
- Killings and massacres during the 1948 Palestine war
- List of battles and operations in the 1948 Palestine war
- Benny Morris (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
About 400 villages and towns were depopulated in the course of the war and its immediate aftermath. By mid-1949, the majority of these sites were either completely or partly in ruins and uninhabitable.
- Naseer Aruri (20 July 2001). Palestinian Refugees: The Right of Return. Pluto Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-7453-1777-9. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
Of the 418 depopulated villages, 293 (70%) were totally destroyed and 90 (22%) were largely destroyed. Seven survived, including 'Ayn Karim (west of Jerusalem), but were taken by Israeli settlers.
- Davis, 2011, pp. 237-238
- Davis, 2011, p. Preface - xvii
- Morris 2004, p. xv
- Morris 2004, p. 423, p. 514, p. 536
- Morris, 2004, p.177.
- Shavit 2004.
- Morris 2004, p. 500.
- Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press, 2004. See in particular pp. xiv–xviii, where Morris lists 389 Palestinian villages depopulated by massacres, expulsions, military assault, or flight.
- Morris, Benny. 1948: The First Arab–Israeli War. Yale University Press, 2008.
- Khalidi, Walid. (ed.) All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Institute for Palestine Studies 1992, 2006.
- Shavit, Ari. Deir Yasian: Survival of the Fittest, interview with Benny Morris, Haaretz, January 9, 2004.
- Davis, Rochelle A. (2011). Palestinian Village Histories: Geographies of the Displaced. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. ISBN 978-0-8047-7312-6.