The list of higher education institutions with open Title IX Sexual Violence investigations, is a public list of institutions under investigation by the Office for Civil Rights in the United States Department of Education, first made public on May 1, 2014. When announcing the schools under investigation, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights Catherine E. Lhamon suggested that "increased transparency will spur community dialogue about this important issue... and foster better public awareness of civil rights."
Investigations previously went unannounced, and were known only to members of university and college communities. This list constitutes the first time the federal government has announced ongoing sexual violence investigations. The decision to release the names of universities and colleges under investigation was due to pressure from both the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault and the New Campus Anti-Rape Movement. Importantly, Lhamon continued, "a college or university's appearance on this list and being the subject of a Title IX investigation in no way indicates at this stage that the college or university is violating or has violated the law."
The list has been met with criticism from both Title IX investigation proponents and opponents. Andrea Pino, a complainant against UNC-Chapel Hill and co-founder of End Rape on Campus, told the Huffington Post that ""Announcing an investigation can open survivors to retaliation, and it's important that the OCR also take emphasis on providing survivors an option to opt out of having their investigation announced if it could endanger them, especially in small institutions where anonymity is less of an option." Organizations like FIRE have argued that the OCR list—along with its precursor the Dear colleague letter—violates the rights to due process for both institutions and individuals.
Original 2014 announcement
The initial list from the Office of Civil Rights listed 55 colleges and universities that are "under investigation for possible violations of federal law over the handling of sexual violence and harassment complaints." These included:
- Arizona State University
- Butte-Glenn Community College District
- Occidental College
- University of California-Berkeley
- University of Southern California
- Regis University
- University of Colorado at Boulder
- University of Colorado at Denver
- University of Denver
- University of Connecticut
- The Catholic University of America
- Florida State University
- Emory University
- University of Hawaii at Manoa
- University of Idaho
- Knox College
- University of Chicago
- Indiana University-Bloomington
- Vincennes University
- Amherst College
- Boston University
- Emerson College
- Harvard College
- Harvard University Law School
- University of Massachusetts-Amherst
- Frostburg State University
- Michigan State University
- University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
- Guilford College
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- Minot State University
- Dartmouth College
- Princeton University
- CUNY Hunter College
- Hobart and William Smith Colleges
- Sarah Lawrence College
- SUNY at Binghamton
- Denison University
- Ohio State University
- Wittenberg University
- Oklahoma State University
- Carnegie Mellon University
- Franklin and Marshall College
- Pennsylvania State University
- Swarthmore College
- Temple University
- Vanderbilt University
- Southern Methodist University
- University of Texas–Pan American
- College of William and Mary
- University of Virginia
- Washington State University
- University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
- Bethany College
- West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine
On July 2, 2014, the Office of Civil Rights added 12 colleges and universities to its list.
- Morgan State University
- University of Delaware
- University of Richmond
- Elmira College
- University of Alaska System of Higher Education
- Colorado State University
- Washburn State University
- Berklee College of Music
- Missouri University of Science and Technology
- The University of Akron
- Cisco Junior College
- James Madison University
On July 10, 2014, Brown University was listed under investigation, "prompted by a complaint filed May 14 by Legal Momentum, a nonprofit advocating for women’s and girls’ legal rights, which claimed that the University violated Title IX."
By July 30, 2014, a list attributed to the Office of Civil Rights included four new schools:
- University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
- St. Thomas Aquinas College
- Hampshire College
- Kansas University
- "U.S. Department of Education Releases List of Higher Education Institutions with Open Title IX Sexual Violence Investigations". U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer; Joachim, David (1 May 2014). "55 Colleges Named in Federal Inquiry Into Handling of Sexual Assault Cases". Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Newman, Jonah; Sander, Libby. "Promise Unfulfilled?". Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 2014-08-09.
- Kingkade, Tyler (1 July 2014). "55 Colleges Face Sexual Assault Investigations". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Smith, Robert (30 August 2014). "On Sexual Harassment and Title IX". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Associated press (2 July 2014). "US Ed Dept adds 12 Schools to Title IX List". Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Lamb, Katherine (23 July 2014). "Education Dept. opens Title IX investigation of Brown". Brown Daily Herald. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "30 July 2014 List" (PDF). Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "How Michigan colleges fight sex assaults with state grants". Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- Editor/Reporter, Tyler Kingkade Senior; Post, The Huffington (2016-06-16). "How Colleges Are Able To Keep Title IX Investigations Hidden". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-09-05.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Blanca Andrei. "Stanford subject to most active Title IX sexual violence investigations of all U.S. colleges". Stanford Daily. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- "Stanford Has Most Sexual Violence Cases Under Review, U.S. Agency Says". Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- writer, Kevin Opsahl staff. "USU inquiry on sex assaults comes amid nationwide investigations". Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- Anderson, Nick (2017-01-18). "At first, 55 schools faced sexual violence investigations. Now the list has quadrupled". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- Kenny, Yi. "Exclusive: All Universities Under Title IX Investigation Regarding Sexual Violence". The Memory Hole 2. Retrieved 2018-03-29.