A 03A02 train at Zhongshan Park station.
|Other name(s)||M3 (planned name)|
Pearl line (Chinese: 明珠线)
|Locale||Xuhui, Changning, Putuo, Jing'an, Hongkou, and Baoshan districts|
|Termini||North Jiangyang Road|
Shanghai South Railway Station
|Daily ridership||621,000 (2019 Peak)|
|Opened||December 26, 2000|
|Operator(s)||Shanghai No.3 Metro Operation Co. Ltd.|
|Character||Underground and Elevated plus three At-grade stations|
|Line length||40.23 km (25.00 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Overhead wires (1500 volts)|
|Operating speed||80 km/h|
Line 3, Shanghai Metro
Line 3 is a north-south line of the Shanghai Metro network. Its rolling stock carry a bright yellow colour belt to differentiate them from Line 4 trains which share a portion of its route. Unlike the majority of the lines in the Shanghai Metro system, Line 3 is primarily elevated, entirely above ground except for Tieli Road, located at the entrance to Baosteel Group Corporation. The line runs from North Jiangyang Road in the north to Shanghai South Railway Station in the southwest of the city, where it meets Line 1. While Line 1 goes straight through the city center, Line 3 roughly follows the Inner Ring Road around the city from Caoxi Road to Zhongtan Road (where it turns eastwards to join the route of the Shanghai–Nanjing railway). The line is colored yellow on system maps.
- Shanghai South Railway Station — North Jiangyang Road
- Shanghai South Railway Station — South Changjiang Road
|●||●||Shanghai South Railway Station||上海南站||SNH||0.00||0.00||Xuhui|
|●||●||West Yan'an Road||延安西路||●||Yan'an BRT||1.41||8.08|
|●||●||Shanghai Railway Station||上海火车站||●||[note 1] SHH||1.72||16.16||Jing'an|
|●||●||Hongkou Football Stadium||虹口足球场||1.28||20.58|
|●||●||West Yingao Road||殷高西路||1.60||26.03||Baoshan|
|●||●||South Changjiang Road||长江南路||1.51||27.54|
|●||North Jiangyang Road||江杨北路||2.10||40.12|
- North Jiangyang Road – The northern terminus.
- Youyi Road – Baoshan Town is located near this station.
- Baoyang Road – Baoyang Road Ferry Terminal is located nearby.
- Songbin Road – This station is located at Wusong Town, with a memorial for the Songhu Railway, which was constructed in the 1890s along the route of China's first railway, the Woosung Road
- Jiangwan Town – The Jiangwan Town offices are nearby this station.
- Hongkou Football Stadium – Located near the residence of Shanghai Shenhua Football Club.
- Shanghai Railway Station – Interchange with Line 4. A Virtual interchange with Line 1 is also present.
- Zhongshan Park – Interchange with Lines 2 and 4.
- Yishan Road – Interchange with Lines 4 and 9.
- Shanghai South Railway Station – Interchange with Line 1.
This line followed the route of historic railway lines Shanghai-Hangzhou Railway Inner Circle Line from Shanghai South Railway Station to Shanghai Railway Station, and Songhu Railway from Baoshan Road station to Jiangwan Town station.
- December 26, 2000: Shanghai South-Jiangwan Town (trial opening)
- August 2001: Shanghai South-Jiangwan Town (official opening)
- January 2004: As part of the Shanghai South reconstruction scheme, Line 3 suspended service at the station, operating between Shilong Road and Jiangwan Town.
- June 10, 2004: Service suspended at Shilong Road, Longcao Road and Caoxi Road for automatic signal system testing and restoration of land subsidence at these three stations. Service was restored at these stations on July 24.
- October 15, 2005: Service to Shanghai South Railway Station was restored after the completion of the reconstruction scheme.
- December 18, 2006: Line 3 was extended from Jiangwan Town 15 km further north to Jiangyang North Road, providing rapid transit service to neighbourhoods in Baoshan, as well as to the Baosteel Group Corporation.
In October 2006, according to a new naming scheme, East Wenshui Road station was renamed Dabaishu station. The scheme stressed naming stations after existing toponyms, sights and attractions (if any) rather than simply after neighbouring vertical streets, making it easier for visitors to find these places. In this particular case, the renaming aimed also to eliminate possible confusion between Wenshui East Road and Wenshui Road, a newer station of line 1. However, in a more recent case, the same type of confusion occurred at West Yingao Road station of line 3 and East Yingao Road station of line 10.
|Shanghai South — Jiangwan Town||26 December 2000||24.6 km (15.29 mi)||19||Pearl line|
|Baoshan Road — Hongqiao Road||31 December 2005||tracks sharing||9||Line 3 & 4 realignment project|
|Jiangwan Town — North Jiangyang Road||18 December 2006||15.7 km (9.76 mi)||10||Northern extension|
Because it shares tracks with Line 4, Line 3 operates on a comparatively looser schedule, with an average interval of around 7 minutes (5 minutes in the peak hours). However, riders can expect a 2-minute train interval at any one of the shared-line stations during rush hour. To avoid confusion, Line 3 trains have the number 3 painted on the sides of trains, and Line 4 trains the number 4.
Not all trains serve the whole line. Because Baoshan District is largely suburban, some trains stop service at Changjiang South Road, while others continue to Jiangyang North Road, the northernmost station. Therefore, service between Changjiang South Road and Jiangyang North Road operates on a 10-to-12-minute basis, compared to the rest of the line which operates on a 5-to-7-minute basis. An LED screen in front of a train will indicate its terminal station, in addition to the station broadcast and the arrival board.
Because Line 3 is elevated, transferring to other underground stations typically takes more walking. In-system transfer has been introduced to all interchange stations except Shanghai Railway Station (where Lines 3 and 4 meets Line 1). Virtual interchange is offered at both stations for Public Transportation Card holders.
|Type||Time of manufacturing||Series||Sets||Assembly||Notes|
|Type A||2002–2004||03A01||28||Tc＋Mp＋M＋M＋Mp＋Tc||Manufactured by Alstom and CSR Puzhen|
|Type A||2014–2015||03A02||21||Tc＋Mp＋M＋M＋Mp＋Tc||Manufactured by Alstom and CNR Changchun; runs both on Lines 3 and 4|
- Out of system transfer with Line 1.
- "Metro breaks records" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro 163 Official. 2019-03-09. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
- "Operations Overview". Shanghai Metro Operation Co, Ltd. Archived from the original on 2007-08-31. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
- "Shanghai's metro line 3 extension to open next monday _Transport—China Economic Net". en.ce.cn.
- Three Metro station names will be changed (Shanghai Daily)