City of Lake Forest Park
Location of Lake Forest Park in
King County and Washington
|• Mayor||Jeff Johnson|
|• Total||4.15 sq mi (10.74 km2)|
|• Land||3.52 sq mi (9.11 km2)|
|• Water||0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)|
|Elevation||69 ft (21 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,858.12/sq mi (1,489.65/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512366|
Lake Forest Park is a suburban city in King County, Washington, United, located northeast of Seattle. It was developed in the 20th century as a bedroom community with single-family housing on medium to large-sized lots. Less than 4% of the city's land is zoned commercial, largely concentrated in one location, and there are no industrial areas.
The city is situated at the northwest end of Lake Washington along State Route 522, which provides connections to Seattle and Bothell. Lake Forest Park includes several parks and nature reserves, access to the Burke–Gilman Trail, and organized summer events. The population was 12,598 at the 2010 census.
Lake Forest Park was founded in 1912 by Ole Hanson as one of the Seattle area's first planned communities. Envisioned as a picturesque retreat for professionals, the developers planned roads and lots in strict consideration for natural landmarks. The original prospectus for lot sales declared:
...the strict fiat has gone forth that all the natural beauty must be preserved; that no tree must unwittingly be cut down; that the natural wild flowers must remain; that the streams, the springs, the lake front, the nodding willows, the stately cedar, the majestic fir, the quivering cypress and the homelike maple and all the flora and fauna with which Nature has blessed this lakeshore, must not be defiled by the hand of man.
Until 1914 and completion of the Red Brick Road (now Bothell Way, part of State Route 522) to nearby Kenmore and Bothell, it also marked the literal end of improved roads heading north from Seattle, with the best access to points further north and east being by boat across Lake Washington or the Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway.
Lake Forest Park officially incorporated on June 20, 1961, in large part to help maintain its specific identity. The town remained small - under 5,000 in population - until the 1990s, when a series of annexations expanded city borders significantly and more than doubled the official population.
The 3/4 acre Lyon Creek Park was created in the late 1990s on land purchased by the city in 1998. For the prior fifty years, the lot had belonged to Marcia and Robert Morris, who had built a modernist home and a horse stable on the property. Both buildings were torn down as part of the park conversion, which also included replanting the park with 5,000 native shrubs and plants. The replanting portion of the project involved the labor of hundreds of citizen volunteers.
Lake Forest Park Town Center, the city's commercial core, was built in 1964 and hugs Bothell Way, not far from the lakeshore. In late 2005, city government began holding public meetings to discuss the future of the town center. The decision was made to renovate Lake Forest Park Town Center and it now spans 18 acres and offers many shopping and dining options along with entertainment. Lake Forest Park Town Center is also home to a branch of the King County Library System, Third Place Books, and Third Place Commons community center.
Lake Forest Park is situated at the north end of Lake Washington. The city's southern boundary begins at the city limit of Seattle. To the north, Lake Forest Park ends at the Snohomish county line, where the adjacent towns of Mountlake Terrace and Brier border it. To the east, the city is bounded by Lake Washington and at 55th Avenue NE where the city of Kenmore begins; the Burke-Gilman Trail runs in parallel to the lake shore, following the shoreline into Kenmore to the north, and Seattle to the south. The city's western boundary is at the City of Shoreline's city limit, mostly following 25th Avenue NE.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.65 square miles (9.45 km2), of which, 3.53 square miles (9.14 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.31 km2) is water. The two largest streams are Lyon Creek and McAleer Creek, both of which provide habitat for salmon. The shoreline includes two private beach clubs but no public boat access to Lake Washington; however, Lyon Creek Waterfront Preserve offers 100 feet of Lake Washington shoreline and a viewing dock that extends out into the lake.
- Horizon View Park is located at the highest point in Lake Forest Park and offers fields, a children's playground with swings and a play train, a basketball half-court, tennis court, play field, picnic tables, and paved pathways through a natural, wooded area. Horizon View covers 8.4 acres and is located at 19800 47th Ave NE (198th St at 47th Ave NE).
- Pfingst Animal Acres Park is located at NE 178th St and Brookside Blvd and features picnic tables, a 0.25 mile walking loop, a salmon viewing platform, and a beautiful dogwood flower-shaped drinking fountain for people and dogs. The park is also home to a bust of Admiral Miguel Grau Seminario that was presented to the City of Lake Forest Park by the Consulate General of Peru and the Peruvian Navy in 2011.
- Grace Cole Nature Park is a 15.2 acre wetland named after distinguished State Representative Grace Cole and is located at 30th Ave NE at NE 166th St. The Lake Forest Park Stewardship Foundation hosts regular "ivy out" work parties in the summer to restore and preserve the wildlife habitat.
- Lyon Creek Waterfront Preserve is located across the street from the Lake Forest Park Town Center at 17337 Beach Drive NE, next to the Lake Forest Park Civic Club. A short trail and boardwalk are perfect for viewing where Lyon Creek meets Lake Washington. This park includes 100 feet of Lake Washington shoreline.
- Whispering Willow Park is found at 17038 44th Ave NE. The park features a short boardwalk, seating, and a natural children's play area. It connects 44th Ave NE with the Lake Forest Park Town Center.
The City of Lake Forest Park uses strategic partnerships with neighboring cities to provide shared services, including recreational opportunities. A partnership with City of Shoreline's Recreation Department offers residents discounted access to their programs.
The Lake Forest Park Municipal Court was is established in 1961 and processes approximately 10,000 filings annually. The presiding judge is appointed by the mayor and confirmed by the city council for a four-year term. The Shoreline/Lake Forest Park Youth Court (SLFPYC) operated under the supervision of the Shoreline District Court and the Lake Forest Park Municipal Court.
Lake Forest Park Town Center forms the city's commercial core. This one complex includes the public library, police department, city hall, and approximately 40 shops, small businesses, and medical/professional offices. Third Place Commons is a large public space that occupies much of the central building's upper level. In the summer, this same complex hosts a large outdoor farmer's market. Until late 2007, the city was also served by a finance unit post office in the same complex, the functions of which have since been moved to nearby Shoreline. The Town Center was also home to Shoreline Community College's Lake Forest Park satellite campus but it is now closed.
Residential neighborhoods include:
- Horizon View, in the northeast corner of the city, is characterized by its proximity to Horizon View Park, the highest point in Lake Forest Park. The park sits atop a small plateau, approached by several steep hills. Half of the "train park", as some local youth refer to it, is the park, which was improved between 2001 and 2003, also in early 2013 with a trail extension, field upgrades and a new playset. The other half is a reservoir. They hold recreational sports in the park.
- Sheridan Beach/Heights, in the southeast corner of the city, is characterized by its proximity to the Sheridan Beach Club, to which its residents have access for a fee.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Based on per capita income, one of the more reliable measures of affluence, Lake Forest Park ranks 26th of 614 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked.
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,598 people, 5,024 households, and 3,502 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,568.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,377.9/km2). There were 5,268 housing units at an average density of 1,492.4 per square mile (576.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.0% White, 1.8% African American, 0.6% Native American, 8.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.
There were 5,024 households, of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.3% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.92.
The median age in the city was 45 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 34.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,142 people, 5,029 households, and 3,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,716.2 people per square mile (1,433.4/km2). There were 5,168 housing units at an average density of 1,461.4 per square mile (563.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.32% White, 1.64% African American, 0.43% Native American, 7.94% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.24% of the population.
There were 5,029 households, out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out, with 22.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $74,149, and the median income for a family was $84,316. Males had a median income of $53,164 versus $39,531 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,419. About 1.3% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.
Of the city's population over the age of 25, 21.1 percent have a graduate or professional degree, 51.1 percent (vs. a national average of 24 percent) hold a bachelor's degree or higher, and 93.2 percent (vs. 80 percent nationally) have a high school diploma or equivalent according to the census of 2000.
There are two public schools (Brookside Elementary and Lake Forest Park Elementary) which are served by the Shoreline School District.
- "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau. May 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Lake Forest Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Stein, A., "Lake Forest Park -- Thumbnail History", HistoryLink.org, December 5, 1998. Online as of April 19, 2007.
- Alan J. Stein transcribing Ole Hanson, "Lake Forest Park brochure", Seattle, Washington, 1912, held by Shoreline Historical Museum, Shoreline, Washington, 1998.
- "Once a refuge from 'disagreeable things'". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. October 31, 2002. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- Informational signs in Lyon Creek Park, City of Lake Forest Park, March 2007.
- "City Center". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Madison Marquette, http://www.madisonmarquette.com/portfolio/property/property:69 Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- City of Lake Forest Park (May 2008). "The Legacy 100-Year Vision Final Report". Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "Lyon Creek Waterfront Preserve". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "Horizon View Park". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Pfingst Animal Acres Park". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Grace Cole Nature Park". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Lyon Creek Waterfront Preserve". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Whispering Willow Park". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Recreation Opportunities Outside of Lake Forest Park". Lake Forest Park Washington. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
- Lake Forest Park Town Center Store Directory, Madison Marquette Mallfinder Network LLC, online as of August 24, 2008.
- Stadler, Anne. "How a Failing Suburban Mall Became a Beloved Indoor Town Square". Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "Farmer's Market". Third Place Commons. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Alan J. Stein, Lake Forest Park -- Thumbnail History, HistoryLink.org, Seattle, Washington, 1998
- Phil Dougherty, Lake Forest Park Incorporates on June 20, 1961, HistoryLink.org, Seattle, Washington, 2015
- Alan J. Stein transcribing Ole Hanson, Lake Forest Park brochure, Seattle, Washington, 1912, held by Shoreline Historical Museum, Shoreline, Washington, 1998.
- Community, City of Lake Forest Park, Lake Forest Park, Washington, 2016
- History of Lake Forest Park, City of Lake Forest Park, Lake Forest Park, Washington, 2016