Ladbroke Grove (//) is a road in West London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, running north–south between Harrow Road and Holland Park Avenue. It is also a name given to the immediate surrounding area of Notting Hill and Kensal Green, straddling the W10 and W11 postal districts. Ladbroke Grove tube station is located on the road, at the point where it is crossed by the Westway. It is the nearest tube station to Portobello Road Market. The adjacent bridge and nearby section of the Westway were regenerated in 2007 in a partnership including Urban Eye, Transport for London and London Underground. Ladbroke Grove is the main road on the route of the annual Notting Hill Carnival. The northern tip of the road is located in Kensal Green, with the southern end in Notting Hill.
The street is named after James Weller Ladbroke, who developed the Ladbroke Estate in the 1840s. It was originally a predominantly rural area on the western edges of London. Construction at the southern end by Holland Park Avenue began in the 1830s, but the road was not fully developed to Harrow Road until the 1870s.
The church of St John the Evangelist was constructed in 1845 on the site of the Hippodrome on the Ladbroke Estate, which had closed four years earlier.
The Anglican church of St Michael and All Angels in the road was designed by James Edmeston and built in the Romanesque style in 1871. The funds were provided by J. E.Gray, the father of the first vicar, the Reverend Edward Ker Gray: the foundation stone was laid on 1 November 1870 by a cousin of the Grays, John Mowbray. The church became fashionable with members of the Royal Family. The Duke of Edinburgh played the violin in the church orchestra. The vicarage was built in 1876, with the foundation stone being laid by the Duchess of Teck. The Lady Chapel was opened by the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh in 1882. However, in 1886, the Reverend Gray moved to the Curzon Street Chapel and St Michael's became less fashionable.
The former church of Christ Church, Telford Road was opened in 1881, and closed in 1940 when the parish merged with St Michaels. The church building was demolished.
Serbian Orthodox Church
The Serbian Orthodox Church of St Sava is on Lancaster Road, just off Ladbroke Grove. The church building was originally built in 1903 as the Anglican church of St Columba; in 1952 it was re-consecrated as Saint Sava's, to serve a growing community of post-war refugees. It was the venue for the baptism of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, son of Peter II, in 1945, and his second marriage in 1985. Princess Maria Tatiana, daughter of Prince Andrew of Yugoslavia, was baptised there in 1957. In 2013, it was the venue for the memorial service of Princess Margarita of Baden.
Music and culture
Ladbroke Grove was a centre of the British counterculture in the 1960s. The area was blacklisted for development following 1958 Notting Hill race riots, and consequently found favour with individuals who distrusted authority, moving into unmodernised Victorian properties along the road. The space rock band Hawkwind were formed here in 1969, and eventually bonded and worked with fantasy author Michael Moorcock who was then a resident. Moorcock's work often contain references to Ladbroke Grove, the location being the headquarters of his fictional characters Jerry Cornelius and Colonel Pyat. The Deviants (formerly the Social Deviants) and Pink Fairies were musical groups out of the Ladbroke Grove UK underground movement, from which a number of bands would emerge, influenced by anarchistic singer/writer Mick Farren. Punk group The Clash also formed locally in 1976; frontman Joe Strummer squatted around Ladbroke Grove before joining the group. The Roughler magazine emerged in the 1980s and 1990s to chronicle the antics of the more Bohemian residents, including the legendary Portobello Pantos.
Ladbroke Grove features as the scene of Van Morrison's 1968 song "Slim Slow Slider" from Astral Weeks, and is mentioned in the 1970s pop hit "One Man Band" by Leo Sayer. The Pulp song "I Spy", from the album Different Class, features the line "your Ladbroke Grove looks turn me on". The Blur songs "Fool's Day" and "Lonesome Street" also feature Ladbroke Grove in their lyrics. As does the song "Joel" by The Boo Radleys, with the line, "I've found myself in Ladbroke Grove" from the album Wake Up!. The Slits song "Ping Pong Affair" from the album Cut, also features Ladbroke Grove in its lyrics. "LDN" by Lily Allen mentions Ladbroke Grove in an overdubbed chorus of London placenames. Killing Joke have released an EP (In Excelsis) that features two mixes of a song called "Ghost Of Ladbroke Grove". The UK rapper AJ Tracey's hit "Ladbroke Grove" is named after the road which he is from; it peaked at number 3 on the UK singles chart. Mahdi made his first music video in Ladbroke Grove. The posthumous music video of the Lil Peep release "4 Gold Chains" is set at 121 Ladbroke Grove.
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Ladbroke Grove tube station is located halfway along the road, and is served by the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines. The Westway, part of a main road from Central London to Oxford crosses in the same location, though there is no junction. The road also has bridges over the Great Western Main Line from London Paddington station, and the Grand Union Canal.
At a site just to the east of the Old Oak Common site, Kensington and Chelsea Council has been pushing for a station at North Kensington / Kensal off Ladbroke Grove and Canal Way, as a turn-back facility will have to be built in the area anyway. Siting it at Kensal Rise, rather than next to Paddington itself, would provide a new station to regenerate the area. Boris Johnson stated that a station would be added if it did not increase Crossrail's overall cost; in response, Kensington and Chelsea Council agreed to underwrite the projected £33 million cost of a Crossrail station. TfL is conducting a feasibility study on the station and the project is backed by National Grid, retailers Sainsbury's and Cath Kidston, and Jenny Jones (Green Party member of the London Assembly). The plans were resurrected by Johnson in 2016.
On 5 October 1999, two trains on the Great Western Main Line near Ladbroke Grove crashed into each other at a combined speed of over 130 miles per hour (210 km/h), leading to the diesel fuel of one of the trains igniting and setting fire to both. Thirty one people died and over 400 were injured, including severe burns. The cause of the crash was determined to be lack of suitable visibility of signals. The crash, combined with further major incidents at Hatfield and Potters Bar, shook confidence in the British rail network.
- Rita Ora, British singer/songwriter grew up in Ladbroke Grove.
- AJ Tracey, rapper, best known for his song "Ladbroke Grove", grew up in Ladbroke Grove.
- Chrissie Hynde, American musician, lead vocalist with The Pretenders.
- Hugh Thomas, historian, 29 Ladbroke Grove.
- Hayley Atwell, a British and American actress, most widely known for portraying Agent Peggy Carter.
Notes and references
- Weinreb et al. 2008, p. 469.
- Moore, p8
- "The Portobello and St. Quintin estates Pages 298-332 Survey of London: Volume 37, Northern Kensington. Originally published by London County Council, London, 1973". British History Online.
- "Church of Saint Sava". Archived from the original on 10 September 2013.
- "Duke of Edinburgh visits St Sava's".
- Parkin, Chris (13 August 2007). "Counterculture in Ladbroke Grove". Time Out. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
- "Ladbroke Grove Station (street view, 153 Ladbroke Grove)". Google Maps. April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "The case for Kensal crossrail". Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. n.d. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "Case for a Crossrail station gains momentum" (Press release). Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. 1 July 2010.
- Bloomfield, Ruth (24 August 2010). "Study to explore adding Crossrail station at Kensal Rise". Building Design. London.
- "Crossrail at Kensal Rise back on the cards?". London Reconnections (blog). 27 August 2010.
- "Council to pay for Crossrail station". London Evening Standard. 25 March 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012.
- Kensal Crossrail station would 'transform' the area, says deputy mayor. Regeneration + Renewal. 16 May 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 July 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Sebastian Mann (14 March 2016). "Plan for Crossrail station at Ladbroke Grove resurrected". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- Weinreb et al. 2008, pp. 469,680.
- "Who Is Rita Ora?". Complex.
- "Hayley Atwell: 'Gentlemen swoon but only on set'". The Independent. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- Fox, Chloe (17 July 2011). "Action girl: Hayley Atwell interview". The Daily Telegraph.
- "The Other Notting Hill, Radio 2". The Independent. 13 September 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- "Letter from [Professor] Hugh Thomas, 29 Ladbroke Grove, London W11, to James Griffiths". National Library of Wales Archives and Manuscripts. 30 January 1967. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- Powell, Anthony (2015). Journals 1982. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4735-3545-9. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
- Fox, Chloe (17 July 2011). "Action girl: Hayley Atwell interview". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- British History Online
- Barbara Denny, Notting Hill and Holland Park Past, Historical Publications, 1993. ISBN 0-948667-18-4
- Derry Moore, Notting Hill, Frances Lincoln Ltd, 2007, ISBN 978-0-7112-2739-2
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