|Elevation||1,234 m (4,049 ft) |
|Prominence||1,234 m (4,049 ft) |
|Location||Saint Vincent, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, West Indies|
|Mountain type||Stratovolcano (active)|
|Volcanic arc/belt||Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc|
|Easiest route||From the windward (Atlantic) side|
La Soufrière (Vincentian Creole: Soufra) or Soufrière Saint Vincent is an active volcano on the island of Saint Vincent in the Windward Islands of the Caribbean. Many volcanoes in the Caribbean are named Soufrière (French: "sulfur outlet"). These include Soufrière Hills on Montserrat and La Grande Soufrière on Guadeloupe, the subject of Werner Herzog's 1977 film La Soufrière.
Geography and structure
At 1,234 m (4,049 ft), La Soufrière is the highest peak on Saint Vincent as well as the highest point in the island country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Soufrière is a stratovolcano with a crater lake and is the island's youngest and northernmost volcano.
La Soufrière violently erupted in 1718, 1812, 1902 and 1979. The Saint Vincent eruption of 6 May 1902 killed 1,680 people, just hours before the eruption of Mount Pelée on Martinique that killed 29,000. The death zone, where almost all persons were killed, was close to entirely Carib. This last large remnant of Carib culture was destroyed, the island of Dominica's Carib Territory being much smaller in comparison at that time.
The last recorded eruption in April 1979 resulted in no casualties due to advanced warning.
- "La Soufrière" on Peakbagger.com Retrieved 1 October 2011
- "Souffrier Mountain". The Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, Volume 5. Edinburgh: Printed for Archibald Constable & Co., Hurst, Robinson & Co., London, and Thomas Ward, Philadelphia. 1822. pp. 680–682. NB This particular volume was the gift of Jared Sparks to Harvard College Library.
- Frederick Albion Ober, Our West Indian Neighbors: The Islands of the Caribbean Sea, " America's Mediterranean", 2010 republish of 1908 book by Nabu Press ISBN 978-1-145-31194-7 book
- "The eruption of Soufrière volcano, St Vincent April–June 1979". 1 November 1979.
- Victoria Art Gallery Archived 21 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine on view July 2015
- ‘The Eruption of the Souffrier Mountains, in the Island of St Vincent, at Midnight, on the 30th of April, 1812, from a Sketch Taken at the Time by Hugh P. Keane, Esqre’, Joseph Mallord William Turner, exhibited 1815 | Tate
- The Eruption of the Soufrière Mountains in the Island of St Vincent, 30 April 1812 | Art UK
- "New Dome Forms At La Soufriere, Experts Cannot Predict Eruption". News784. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- "Alert raised as SVG's volcano oozes magma". iWitness News. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- The University of the West Indies Seismic Research Centre
- Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program | Soufrière St. Vincent
- USGS/CVO West Indian Volcanoes (Dead link)
- UND Soufriere St. Vincent
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