|Circle of Love|
original film poster
|Directed by||Roger Vadim|
|Produced by||Raymond Hakim|
|Written by||Jean Anouilh|
by Arthur Schnitzler
|Music by||Michel Magne|
|Distributed by||Continental Distributing Inc.|
Walter Reader-Sterling Inc (US)
|Box office||1,078,415 admissions (France)|
Circle of Love (Original French title: La ronde) is a 1964 French drama film directed by Roger Vadim and based on Arthur Schnitzler's 1897 play Reigen. The film generated minor controversy due to Jane Fonda's involvement, as she was one of the first major American actresses to do a nude scene in a foreign film.
In 1913, a sentimental Parisian prostitute offers herself freely to a handsome soldier because he resembles her true love.
Seeking to take advantage of all opportunities for lovemaking, the soldier seduces a lonely housemaid and then goes off to make other conquests.
Returning home, the despondent maid allows her employer's son to make love to her. Encouraged by the experience, the young gentleman consummates his desire for a married woman.
Refreshed by the love session, the married woman makes bold overtures to her stuffy husband. Later, he takes a midinette for his mistress, but the ambitious young woman forsakes him for an author she hopes will write a play for her.
Instead, he pursues an established actress with whom he had an affair years before. He has little success, however, for the actress finds satisfaction only with young men, and she has a brief affair with the Count, a young officer.
Following their encounter, the Count embarks on a night of wild revelry. Morning finds him in the flat of the sentimental prostitute, who this time collects a fee for her services. The cycle of love is now complete.
- Marie Dubois as La fille / Die Dirne – the prostitute
- Claude Giraud as Georges / Der Soldat – the soldier
- Anna Karina as Rose / Das Stubenmädchen – the maid
- Jean-Claude Brialy as Alfred / Der 'Junge Herr' – the young man
- Jane Fonda as Sophie / Die 'Junge Frau' – the wife
- Maurice Ronet as Henri / Der Ehemann – the husband
- Catherine Spaak as La midinette / Das 'Süße Mädel' – the midinette
- Bernard Noël as L'auteur / Der Dichter – the author
- Francine Bergé as Maximilienne de Poussy / Die Schauspielerin – the actress
- Jean Sorel as Le comte / Der Graf – the young officer
- Denise Benoît as Yvette Guilbert
Vadim had just enjoyed a big box office hit with Les Liaisons Dangereuses and this was another adaptation of a classic erotic text. As he later said:
When I make a picture about relations between people, something erotic comes through; I can't help it! But sex has been an inspiration, the greatest inspiration, since art exists. I don't mean pornography. But when I do something I like to go to the end with what I express. It is very difficult in France to talk about anything but sex! Politics, the army, the police, Catholicism - in that order. There is the influence of priests in censorship; no rule forbids you to discuss the church but they will stop you somehow.
The movie was released in the US in a dubbed version which Vadim loathed and inspired him to make his next movie in English and French versions.
The Guardian praised the colour and production values but added "there is a vulgarity about Vadim's frequent fleshy close ups which compares sadly... with Ophuls' elegant chiaroscuro. Anouilh and Vadim stick closely to Arthur Schnitzler's original but the film is obviously embroidered with imagery of Vadim's creation - a visual superfluity".
The movie was advertised in New York with a giant eight-storey billboard in Times Square that displayed a naked Fonda. She sued the producers for $3 million to make sure her image was obscured.
"To me it was a great big opportunity to do a beautiful comedy and my first costume picture," recalled Fonda. "They ruined it here [in the US]. That awful dubbed English. And that big poster of me, nude! Vadim resented it too."
The film was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
In 1967, Vadim and five of the film's stars were charged with obscenity in Italy because of the movie.
- La Ronde (1950 film) (The Round-Dance), a film directed by Max Ophüls, based on the same play
- Reigen, a 1973 film directed by Otto Schenk, also based on the play
- Circle of Love' to Be Shown New York Times, 26 February 1965: 16.
- Box office information for Roger Vaim films at Box Office Story
- "Jane Fonda Biography". The New York Times.
- Vadim Is Frank On, Off Screen Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times, 20 July 1965: C8.
- Roger Vadim's Newer Waves Have a More Personal Touch: New Wave Originator Plans A New Tack. By Kathleen Halton. The Washington Post, 13 December 1964: G1.
- Fonda: A person of many parts: A restless yawing between extremes By Martin Kasindorf. New York Times, 3 February 1974: 228.
- 'I Am How You Say? A Smart Kid' By Rex Reed. New York Times, 12 June 1966: 137.
- And Vadim 'Created' Jane Fonda. By Thomas Quinn Curtiss. New York Times, 16 January 1966: X15.
- Jane Fonda Is Fracturing 'Em in Paris. By Dorothy Kilgallen. The Washington Post, Times Herald [Washington, D.C] 1 November 1964: G6.
- review: New Films in London. Wright, Ian. The Guardian (1959-2003) [London (UK)] 1 January 1965: 7.
- The Rattigan Rolls: Films. Tynan, Kenneth. The Observer (1901- 2003) [London (UK)] 3 January 1965: 23.
- More to Jane Fonda Than Meets the Eye. Haber, Joyce. Los Angeles Times, 19 January 1969: q13.
- Drawing of Jane Fonda Is Draped With Canvas. New York Times, 16 March 1965: 44.
- The Importance of Being Jane By Howard Thompson. New York Times, 16 May 1965: X7.
- ' Circle of Love,' Vadim's Remake of 'La Ronde,' at DeMille. Archer, Eugene. New York Times, 25 March 1965: 42.
- Roger Vadim, Jane Fonda Face Obscenity Charge Chicago Tribune, 26 April 1967: b5.