Kosai City Hall
Location of Kosai in Shizuoka Prefecture
|• - Mayor||Hajime Mikami|
|• Total||86.56 km2 (33.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese black pine|
|- Flower||Common Gardenia|
|Address||3268 Kibi, Kosai-shi, Shizuoka-ken 431-0492|
Kosai (湖西市, Kosai-shi) is a city located in far western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 June 2019[update], the city had an estimated population of 59,770 in 24,232 households , and a population density of 690 persons per km². The total area of the city is 85.65 square kilometres (33.07 sq mi).
Kosai is located in the far southwest corner of Shizuoka Prefecture, bordered by Aichi Prefecture to the west, Lake Hamana to the east. The name of the city means "west of the lake", in reference to its location near Lake Hamana. The city is bordered to the south by the Enshū Gulf of Pacific Ocean. Due to its location, the warm Kuroshio Current offshore provides for a temperate maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Kosau has been relatively steady over the past 30 years.
The city has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Kosai is 16.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1942 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.5 °C.
The area around Kosai has been noted for the production of Japanese pottery and porcelain since the Kofun period. During the Edo period, Kosai was tenryō territory administered directly by the Tokugawa shogunate, and the location of a barrier gate regulating traffic on the old Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. A post station named Shirasuka-juku developed near the barrier, and this was the forerunner of modern Kosai. During the establishment of the modern municipalities system of the early Meiji period in 1889, the area was reorganized into five villages within Hamana District, Shizuoka. Four of these villages (Washizu, Iride, Shirasuka, Chibata) merged to form the city of Kosai on January 1, 1972.
The economy of Kosai is dominated by light manufacturing of automobile components and electronics, as well as commercial fishing. Kosai is home to Suzuki Motor Corporation's Kosai Assembly Plant, Suzuki's main domestic production plant as well as to plants owned by Panasonic and Sony. Commercial fishing and aquaculture on Lake Hamana is also a component of the city's economy.
Kosai has six public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government. The city has two public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates a special education school for the handicapped.
- Central Japan Railway Company - Tōkaidō Main Line
- Tenryū Hamanako Railroad Tenryū Hamanako Line
Sister city relations
- Arai Barrier Museum
- Ōchiwatoge temple ruins, a National Historic Site
- Toyota Sakichi Memorial Museum
- Honko-ji temple
Notable people from Kosai
- Sakichi Toyoda, founder of Toyota
- Yasuji Miyazaki, Olympic gold-medalist swimmer
- Shozo Makino, Olympic silver-medalist swimmer
- Kosai City official statistics (in Japanese)
- Kosai population statistics
- Kosai climate data
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2008-09-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão " (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
Media related to Kosai, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website(in Japanese)