Khojali / Ivanyan
Khojaly's / Ivanyan's panorama
|de facto Country||Artsakh|
|de facto Province||Askeran|
|de jure Country||Azerbaijan|
|de jure Rayon||Khojali|
|Elevation||570 m (1,870 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (UTC)|
Khojali (Azerbaijani: Xocalı) or Ivanyan also known as Ay-Khodzhaly, Khodgalou, Khodzhalv, Khodzhaly, Khojalu, Khozhali, is a village in the unrecognized Republic of Artsakh (formerly Nagorno-Karabakh Republic). In 1992, it was the site of the massacre of at least 161 ethnic Azeri civilains. It is located some 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) northeast of Artsakh's capital Stepanakert. Internationally, it is still considered a de jure part of Azerbaijan, and Azerbaijan counts it as the capital of its Khojaly District.
According to the Caucasian Calendar for 1910, in 1908 Khojaly consisted of 184 Tatar (Azerbaijani) people. According to the Caucasian Calendar for 1912 Khojaly consisted of Tatar (Azerbaijani) and Russian parts with 172 and 52 people respectively. Despite this, officials of the unrecognized Republic of Artsakh and some Armenian publicists claim that Khojaly was initially Armenian village with a predominant Armenian population. Currently, the village has 1397 people with primarily Armenian ethnicity.
During the Soviet period, Khojali was a village in the Askeran District of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast. As the Karabakh conflict started, the Azerbaijani government began to implement a plan to create a new district center. From 1988 to 1990 the population of Khojali increased from 2135 to 6000 residents, mostly consisting of immigrants from Soviet Central Asia (including more than 2000 Meskhetian Turks) and Armenia (about 2000). In April 1990 Azerbaijan abolished the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and its internal divisions. Khojali was given city status and became the regional center for the newly created Khojali District composed of the former Askeran District and part of Martuni.
Khojaly was captured by ethnic Armenian forces on 26 February 1992 during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. The name became internationally notable after the Khojaly Massacre of February 1992, where at least 161 ethnic Azeri civilains were massacred by Armenian irregular forces.
In 2001 the settlement was renamed Ivanyan, after the late general of the Karabakh Defense Army, Kristapor Ivanyan.
Claimed sister city
In February 2010, media reported a claim by the Azeri-Czech Society that representatives of the Azeri administration of Khojaly in exile and the Czech town of Lidice were to sign an agreement making Khojaly and Lidice sister cities and that a street in Lidice was to be named "Khojali". In March 2012, reports quoted the mayor of Lidice, Veronika Kellerova, as officially stating that Lidice and Khojali had never been sister cities. She further repudiated reports that there exists a street named Khojaly in Lidice.
- Արցախի Հանրապետության մարդահաշիվ (in English)
- Кавказский календарь на 1910 год. Part IV. P. 398.
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- "Карабахские депутаты: Ходжалу стал жертвой политических интриг и борьбы за власть в Азербайджане". regnum.ru.
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- Доклад общества «Мемориал» (Memorial). Независимая газета, 18 June 1992
- "Карабахские депутаты: Ходжалу стал жертвой политических интриг и борьбы за власть в Азербайджане – ИА REGNUM". regnum.ru.
- "Human Rights Watch World Report 1993 – The Former Soviet Union". Hrw.org. Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "Karabakh Marks Ten Years Of 'Independence'". azatutyun.am.
- "Khojali to be twinned with Czech Lidice". Trend News Agency. 2010-02-22. Archived from the original on 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
- "A street in Lidice, Czechia to be named after Khojaly". Azerbaijan Press Agency. 2010-02-22. Archived from the original on October 27, 2011. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
- Asya Chekanova (2010-03-09). "Лидице стали побратимами Ходжалы. Армения против" [Lidice twinned with Khojaly. Armenia is against]. Český Rozhlas. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
- "Mayor Veronika Kellerova: Lidice, Khojaly not sister cities, no street named Khojaly in Lidice". Panorama.am. Retrieved 2 March 2012.