|Chairperson||P. J. Joseph|
|Founded||9 October 1964|
|Student wing||Kerala Students Congress|
|Youth wing||Kerala Youth Front|
|Women's wing||Kerala Vanitha Congress|
|Labour wing||Kerala Trade Union Congress|
|Ideology||Welfare of toiling class|
|Colours||Half white and half red|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||United Democratic Front (UDF)|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
0 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
0 / 245
|Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly|
0 / 140
The Kerala Congress was founded in 1964 from a split in the Congress. Following a scandal in 1963, Chief Minister R Sankar removed Home Minister P. T. Chacko from his cabinet, chako died in 1964. Fifteen of Chacko’s colleagues led by K M George toppled Sankar in a no-confidence motion. George and R Balakrishna Pillai formed Kerala Congress with the backing of Mannath Padmanabhan.
The first cracks in Kerala Congress developed over leadership in 1977, following George’s death. Pillai parted ways with Mani, launched KC(B), and moved to the Left. In 1979, Mani pulled away with P J Joseph to form KC (Mani). Mani joined the LDF government in 1980, but toppled it in 1982, shifting to UDF. By then, Joseph was with the Congress. Later (1982-87), the Mani, Pillai and Joseph groups would all be in the UDF. In fact, in 1985, all three merged back into Kerala Congres, but in two years Joseph and Mani would split again. Pillai remained with Joseph until 1989, when he revived KC(B). In 1989, Joseph left the UDF; in 1991, he teamed up with LDF.
The next split was in KC(M), when Mani loyalist T M Jacob formed KC (Jacob) in 1993. In the 1990s, P C Thomas, son of the late Chacko, emerged as a prominent figure in the Mani camp, but differences arose as Mani sought to promote his son. Thomas, then a Lok Sabha MP, was ousted from the party in 2001; he formed Indian Federal Democratic Party (IFDP) and went on to become a minister in the NDA.
In 2003, P C George split with Joseph and formed KC (Secular). Two years later, Thomas merged his IFDP with KC (Joseph). By then, George had wound up KC (Secular) and returned to Mani’s KC(M).
The Mani and Joseph groups merged in 2010, after Joseph ending his two-decade links with the LDF. But, within the Joseph camp, P C Thomas was against the merger and formed KC (Anti-merger) with Scaria Thomas, and continued with LDF. Later, they respectively formed KC (Thomas) and K C (Scaria Thomas). P C Thomas eventually moved to NDA, and Scaria Thomas to LDF.
In 2016, former MP Francis George, son of the late K M George, floated KC (Democratic), and joined LDF. Meanwhile, P C George parted ways with Mani and formed Kerala Janapaksham (Secular). Following K M Mani’s death, Francis returned to the Joseph camp, while a few others kept KC(D) alive within LDF
Since 1979 Kerala Congress party Split into many other Fractions. Currently 8 other fractions active in kerala politics. they are Kerala Congress (M) , Kerala Congress (Jacob),Kerala Congress (B) ,Janadhipathya Kerala Congress ,Kerala Congress (Skaria Thomas),Kerala Congress (Nationalist), Kerala Janapaksham (Secular), Kerala Vikas Congress (Prakash Kuriakose)
Revival of Kerala Congress (2015-present)
In 2015 One of the founders son P. C. Thomas got license of bracket less Kerala Congress party which was part of LDF.
Alliance with NDA and 2019 Indian general election
In 2015 August, the Kerala Congress faction led by P. C. Thomas came out of the Left Democratic Front (LDF) following acute infighting and decided to join the Kerala unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). In March 2015 a faction led by Skaria Thomas had formed a new party Kerala Congress (Skaria Thomas) and decided to continue with the LDF. and PC Thomas contested from Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency) for NDA  In October 2020, it was reported that P. C. Thomas was leaving NDA and was likely to join the United Democratic Front (UDF). The party however decided to stay in the NDA and extended their support to NDA candidates in the 2020 Kerala local elections.
Leaving NDA And alliance with UDF
On 2021 March 17 the party left the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) later Kerala Congress (Joseph), which is part of the Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF) merged into bracketless Kerala Congress. .
2021 Kerala Legislative Assembly election
After the merger with Kerala Congress (J) , PJ Joseph and Mons Joseph resigned from MLA post. to avoid the technicalities regarding the Anti-Defection Law as they had won the assemmbly election in 2016 in Kerala Congress (M) tickets
Notable leaders of Kerala Congress
|Office Bearer||Position||Current Group|
|P. J. Joseph||Chairman||Kerala Congress|
|P. C. Thomas||Deputy Chairman||Kerala Congress|
|K. Francis George||General Secretary||Kerala Congress|
- Monce Joseph
- Johnny Nellore
- Joy Abraham
- Thomas Unniyadan
- T.U. Kuruvila
- Joseph M. Puthussery
- Victor T Thomas
- Mathew Stephen
- Saji Manjakadambil
- M.J Jacob
- Joseph John
- Kuriakose Padavan
- M. P. Joseph
Other notable leaders
- K. M. George Muvattupuzha, Transport Minister, Founder Chairman
- C. F. Thomas, Changanacherry, Kottayam, Khadi & Rural Development Minister
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "P.C. Thomas in NDA fold". The Hindu. 2 August 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Jacob, George (10 March 2015). "Scaria Thomas is chief of pro-LDF Kerala Congress". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- "Jolt to NDA as P C Thomas' Kerala Congress to quit alliance, likely to join UDF". The New Indian Express. 24 October 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
- "Kerala Congress (PC Thomas faction) announces support to NDA in local body polls". ANI. 5 December 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
- "P C Thomas to quit NDA; to merge with P J Joseph". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 2021-03-17.
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