Map of Azerbaijan showing Kalbajar Rayon
|• Total||3,050 km2 (1,180 sq mi)|
|Telephone code||(+994) 26|
In Turkic Kalbajar means "Castle on the mouth of the river". The Armenian name of the district is Karvachar (Armenian: Քարվաճառ), which corresponds to the ancient district of Vaykunik, one of 12 cantons of Artsakh (historical Nagorno-Karabakh). It was also known as Upper-Khachen or Tsar (after its chief town) and was ruled by one of the branches of the House of Khachen, who held it until the Russian conquest of the Karabakh region in the early 19th century. In 1992 Azerbaijani government abolished Mardakert district of NKAO, and its western part was included in Kelbajar district.
As a result of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War, the area was occupied by Armenian forces on April 3, 1993. The district was declared a part of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, although it continued to be recognized by United Nations as a territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Azeri population of Kalbajar were displaced and lived as internally displaced persons in other regions of Azerbaijan. The district was made into the Shahumyan Province, one of the eight regions of NKR. The region remained the least populated of the NKR regions with a total population of 2,800. The town of Kalbajar was home to 500 Armenian residents.
Return to AzerbaijanEdit
Under the terms of the agreement that ended the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War, most of the district (i.e. Kelbajar district within its Soviet time borders) returned to Azerbaijani control. The eastern part of the district, which was part of Martakert Province, remained under the control of the Republic of Artsakh. Initially, the western part was to be returned to Azerbaijani control by 15 November 2020, but this deadline was subsequently extended to 25 November 2020. In the early hours of November 25, Azerbaijani forces entered the region; it was the second region to be returned to Azerbaijan per the ceasefire agreement.
The district has close to 750 Armenian cultural monuments, which include monasteries, churches, chapels, fortresses, khachkars and inscriptions. The most well-known is the monastery of Dadivank.
As of 1979 the region had a population of 40,516:
As of 1989 the population was 43,713 .
As of 1999 the population was 66,211 (note that the census was not actually carried out in this year as the region was occupied by the Republic of Artsakh and the Azerbaijani population was internally displaced at the time).
- Azerbaijanis 83.2% (55,082)
- Armenians 14.8% (9,794)
- Lezgins 0,1% (9)
- Kurds 1.9% (1,248)
- Russians 0.1% (23)
- Other 0.1%(45)
- "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
- Государственный комитет по статистике Азербайджанской Республики — "Azərbaycanın regionları" (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2009-11-14.
- Институт научной информации (Академия наук СССР), Всесоюзный институт научной и технической информации. Реферативный журнал: География, Выпуски 5-6.. — Издательство Академии наук СССР, 1975. — С. 36.
- Robert H. Hewsen, Armenia: A Historical Atlas. The University of Chicago Press, 2001, pp. 40, 101-102, 264-265.
- "Государственный комитет по статистике Азербайджанской Республики". Archived from the original on 2009-11-14.
- UN Resolution 884
- "Azerbaijanis celebrate Karabakh deal". aa.com.tr. Anadolu Agency. 10 November 2020.
- "Азербайджан дал Армении отсрочку на вывод войск из Кельбаджара". РБК (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-11-15.
- "Azerbaijani Forces Enter Second District Returned By Armenia Under Nagorno-Karabakh Truce". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
- "население азербайджана". www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "население азербайд��ана". www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru. Retrieved 11 October 2020.