This article needs to be updated.April 2019)(
Kai Tak Development
The Kai Tak Development site in July 2017.
|• Total||320 ha (790 acres)|
|Kai Tak Development|
|South East Kowloon Development|
The Kai Tak Development (Chinese: 啟德發展計劃), abbreviated as "KTD" and formerly called South East Kowloon Development (東南九龍發展計劃), refers to the redevelopment of the former Kai Tak Airport site in Kai Tak, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
After the airport relocated to Chek Lap Kok in 1998, the Hong Kong government planned for urban development on the old airport site. The plan calls for a multi-purpose sports complex, a metro park, the Kai Tak Cruise Terminal, a hotel, a housing estate, and commercial and entertainment construction projects over an area of more than 328 hectares (810 acres). The plan also covered nearby development in areas including Ma Tau Wai, Kowloon City, San Po Kong, Kowloon Bay and Kwun Tong.
The planned population is 86,000 people, accommodated in 30,000 housing units, including 13,000 constructed as part of public housing estates. The total gross floor area is over 14,400,000 square feet (1,340,000 m2) with over 110 hectares (270 acres) of open space. The total cost for the development is about HK$100 billion.
After several years of planning and discussion, and the decision of a judicial review on Central and Wan Chai Reclamation, the Hong Kong government restarted KTD review and planning in 2004. The Executive Council passed the revised development plan and restarted the project. According to the development plan, the first stage projects finished in or before 2013. The second stage projects will be finished in or before 2016 and the final stage projects will be completed in or before 2021.
The Hong Kong colonial government commissioned the "Study on Harbour Reclamations and Urban Growth" (海港填海及市區發展研究) in October 1983. It was a study for a proposed plan to address the urban development of Hong Kong. The government worked on the "Metroplan Selected Strategy" study (都會計劃選定策略研究) between 1987 and 1990. Its purpose was to provide a wide-ranging plan for urban renewal-focused land-use, transportation and environmental planning. The study area included West Kowloon, Kai Tak and other regions. The study was passed by the Executive Council of Hong Kong on 17 September 1991. Afterwards, related government departments implemented the strategy according to the study.
In 1998, the Hong Kong Planning Department undertook several studies on East Kowloon development. After several modifications, the land reclamation plan and the population plan were altered considerably.
South East Kowloon Development Statement (June 1992-1993) (東南九龍發展綱領研究)
This plan proposed the development of Kai Tak as a "City Within a City", covering 580 hectares (1,400 acres), including 300 hectares (740 acres) of reclaimed land. It proposed land development for residential, commercial and industrial use. The new town designated population was around 285,000. The development would also include a 7.9-hectare (20-acre) park and a 2.7-kilometre (1.7 mi) promenade. The proposed development included two MTR connections, with Diamond Hill and Kwun Tong.
Feasibility Study for South East Kowloon Development (September 1995-1998) (東南九龍發展可行性研究)
The study refocused the development as a "City Within a City" with territorial facilities. The site area and reclamation provisions remained the same as in the previous proposal. However, the designated population rose to 320,000 while the metropark was expanded to 50 hectares (120 acres). It was also the first plan to propose leisure facilities, such as a multi-purpose sports complex and aviation museum. Other facilities, including a hospital, rail yard, and post office were proposed. The MTR provisions were replaced by the Sha Tin to Central Link.
Comprehensive Feasibility Study for the Revised Scheme of South East Kowloon Development (November 1999-2003) (東南九龍發展修訂計劃的整體可行性研究)
The study re-designated the Kai Tak Development as an "Environmentally Friendly City". In response to opinions on land reclamation, the authority reduced the reclamation area to 133 hectares (330 acres) while the overall site area declined to 460 hectares (1,100 acres). The new designated population is 26,0000. The metropark was to shrink to 24 hectares (59 acres) but the promenade would be extended to 5.4 kilometres (3.4 mi). It also first proposed a cruise terminal. The MTR-centric strategy continued in the study, with the new Environmentally Friendly Linkage System proposal.
In June 2002, the Executive Council of Hong Kong approved Outline Zoning Plans (S/K19/3 and S/K21/3) for Kai Tak (North) and Kai Tak (South). Major development projects included the MTR Sha Tin to Central Link depot on the original airport site, a multi-use stadium, a metropark, the Kai Tak Cruise Terminal with helicopter landing site at the end of former runway, and the Central Kowloon Route. Also, a new "Trunk Road T2, Southeast Kowloon", paralleling the Kwun Tong Bypass, will be built within the development area, allowing traffic to go directly to Tseung Kwan O through the Tseung Kwan O - Lam Tin Tunnel.
However, on 27 February 2003, the non-government organisation Society for Protection of the Harbour applied for Judicial Review against the Town Planning Board. The Society believed that the Wan Chai Development Phase II would violate the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance. The High Court's final judgement is against the Town Planning Board. The reclamation plan was suspended. The High Court's judgement raised three tests had to be satisfied for reclamation:
- there had to be a compelling, overriding and present public need which clearly outweighed the public need to protect the harbour;
- there had to be no other alternative to implement the undertaking for which it was proposed, and
- that any invasion of the harbour should be restricted to the minimum impairment necessary to implement the undertaking.
This judgement affected the reclamation plan within Kai Tak Development. In order to satisfy the three tests, the new Harbour-front Enhancement Committee was established for consultation on the reclamation in Wan Chai and Kai Tak. The committee, led by chairman Lee Chack-fan, was organised by six government officials and twenty-three members from different professional organisations, environmental organisations, harbour protection organisations and business merchants.
Kai Tak Planning Review (July 2004-2006) (啟德規劃檢討)
Due to the High Court judgement, the Planning Department began the Kai Tak Planning Review with "No reclamation" as its principle. This was the final plan.
Proposed development timeline
The first stage infrastructure projects are expected to completed by 2013. These are the first stage projects:
- Trade and Industry Tower (completed 2015)
- Kai Tak Fire Station (completed)
- Kai Tak Cruise Terminal building and first berth (completed)
- Kwun Tong Promenade (completed)
- Kai Tak Runway Park (completed)
- District Cooling System (first phase) (completed)
- Kai Ching Estate
- Tak Long Estate
The second stage infrastructure projects are expected to completed after 2016. These are the second stage projects:
- Kai Tak Cruise Terminal: second berth, helicopter landing zone and Tourist Centre (expected to be complete July 2014)
- MTR Tuen Ma Line Kai Tak Station (construction began 2012, expected to be complete in 2020)
- Route 6 (Central Kowloon Route and Trunk Road T2) (under consultation, construction is expected to begin in 2016 and finish in 2020)
- Underground street to Kowloon City and San Po Kong
- Kai Tak River (expected to be finished in phases between 2015 and 2018)
- District Cooling System (second phase)
- Hospital: Hong Kong Children's Hospital (construction began in 2014, completed in 2019) and Centre of Excellence in Neuroscience
- Several private residential developments including:
- Oasis Kai Tak
- One Kai Tak
- Vibe Centro
- Victoria Skye
The final stage infrastructure projects are expected to completed after 2021. These are the final stage projects:
- Kai Tak Sports Park (expected to be completed by 2023)
- Environmentally Friendly Linkage System (EFLS) (expected to be complete in 2023)
- Metro Park
- Remaining residential and commercial land at north apron
- commercial land at south apron
- District Cooling System (third phase)
MTR Tuen Ma Line
Environmentally Friendly Linkage System
The Environmentally Friendly Linkage System (EFLS) is a monorail transportation system with 12 stations proposed by the government. It will cost around 1.2 billion Hong Kong dollars. The estimated passenger count in up to 200,000 in 2031. The system will account for 15 percent of the public transportation in the Kowloon East Development. The EFLS project is now headed by the Development Bureau with public consultation carried out by the Civil Engineering and Development Department. Construction is predicted to start in 2018 and to be completed in 2023.
Highway and roads
- Legislative Council Panel on Planning, Lands and Works Kai Tak Planning Review
- 人人為啟德 啟德為人人《文匯報》，20 Dec 2007
- 研究簡介-啟德過去的規劃 Archived 2013-01-09 at the Wayback Machine，規劃署
- Stage 1 Public ConsultationCommunity’s Vision For Kai Tak Archived 2014-03-16 at the Wayback Machine, Kai Tak Planning Review, Planning Department
- "High Court's judgement on Society for Protection of the Harbour's Application for Interim Injunction against the Central Reclamation III works". Development Bureau, HKSAR. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "政府公布共建維港委員會成員名單" (Press release). Hong Kong: Development Bureau. 2004-04-28. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16.
- Civil Engineering and Development Department:Kai Tak Development
- 政府擬建高架鐵���連接九龍東不同地點 Archived 2016-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
- 九龍東興建單軌列車橋建議明年諮詢公眾 Archived 2012-11-06 at the Wayback Machine 香港電台 2011年12月15日
- 九龍東單軌列車橋明年諮詢公眾 《星島日報》 2011年12月15日
- Kai Tak Development, Kai Tak Office, Civil Engineering and Development Department
- Kai Tak Development,30 January 2013, Civil Engineering and Development Department