|Kaagaz Ke Phool|
|Directed by||Guru Dutt|
|Written by||Abrar Alvi|
|Music by||S. D. Burman|
|Edited by||Y.G. Chawhan|
Kaagaz Ke Phool (Kāgaz kē Phūl, transl. Paper Flowers) is a 1959 Hindi romantic drama film produced and directed by Guru Dutt, who also played the lead role in the film. The film is regarded as the first Indian film in CinemaScope and Dutt's final film as director.Many consider this film to be much ahead of its time.
The film was a box office bomb in its time, but was later considered a world cinema cult classic in the 1980s. The film's music was composed by S. D. Burman and the lyrics were written by Kaifi Azmi and Shailendra (for one song "Hum Tum Jise Kehta Hain"), giving hits such as "Waqt ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam", sung by Geeta Dutt.
The film tells, in flashback, the story of Suresh Sinha (Guru Dutt), a famous film director. His marriage to Bina (Veena) is on the rocks because her wealthy family sees filmmaking as a job lacking in social status. He is also denied access to his daughter Pammi (Baby Naaz), who is sent to a private boarding school in Dehradun.
On a rainy night Sinha meets a woman, Shanti (Waheeda Rehman), and gives her his coat. She comes to the film studio to return the coat, unintentionally disrupting the shooting by walking in front of the camera. While reviewing the rushes, Sinha recognises her potential as a star and casts her as Paro in Devdas. Shanti goes on to become an acclaimed star. Shanti and Suresh, two lonely people, come together. Their liaison is hotly debated in gossip columns and results in Pammi's friends tormenting her in school. Pammi pleads with Shanti to leave Sinha's life and allow her parents' marriage another chance. Moved by Pammi's plea, Shanti throws away her career and becomes a school teacher in a small village. Pammi decides to live with her father, who fights his in-laws in court, but is defeated and is forced to let Pammi go with her mother. Losing his daughter and Shanti's departure drive Suresh to alcohol, a downhill slide in his career and consequent decline in his fortunes. Meanwhile, Shanti is forced to return to films since she has a contract with the studio. Her producer agrees to hire Suresh because of Shanti, but Suresh's self-respect will not let him return and owe his job to Shanti's star status; so she is unable to help him, as he is too far gone for redemption. [As he says in one of his dialogues during this scene - "Sab kuch khone ke baad, sirf ek cheez bachi hai mere paas...Meri Khuddari.."(After losing everything, I've only one thing left with me - My self-respect...)] In the final scene, remembering his glorious past, he dies in the director's chair in an empty film studio, a lonely and forgotten man.
The film is said to have been inspired by Guru Dutt's association with Gyan Mukherjee, and to be a homage to Mukherjee. Mukherjee was a famous 1940s director whose Kismet (1943) made him a household name. The life and subsequent failures of Mukherjee, whom Guru Dutt had joined in 1950, influenced him deeply.
- Guru Dutt – Suresh Sinha
- Waheeda Rehman – Shanti
- Baby Naaz – Pramila "Pammi" Sinha, Suresh Sinha's daughter
- Johnny Walker – Rakesh "Rocky"
- Mahesh Kaul – Rai Bahadur B. P. Verma, Rocky and Veena's father
- Veena Sapru – Veena, Suresh Sinha's wife
- Minoo Mumtaz – Juliet Singh, a veterinarian
- Ruby Myers – Sulochna Devi
- Sheila Vaz
- Vikram Kapoor
- Kartar Singh Sikh man at horse race course
- Mehmood Ali
- Mohan Choti
- Munshi Muqqa
- V. Ratra
- Tony Walker
- Tun Tun – Telephone operator
- Pratima Devi – Mrs. Verma, mother of Rocky and Veena
- S. V. Rau – Ramnord Research Labs
- Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award – V.K. Murthy
- Filmfare Best Art Direction Award – M.R. Acharekar
The music of the movie was composed by S. D. Burman. S. D. Burman had warned him not to make Kagaz Ke Phool, which resembled his own life. When Guru Dutt insisted on making the film, S.D. Burman said that that would be his last film with Guru Dutt.
- "Dekhi Zamane Ki Yaari" – Mohammad Rafi
- "Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam" – Geeta Dutt
- "San San Wo Chali Haawa" – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle
- "Hum Tum Jise Kehte Hain" – Mohammad Rafi
- "Ek Do Teen Chaar aur Paanch" – Geeta Dutt
- "Ulte Seedhe Dao Lagaye" – Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle
Yash Raj Films released a commemorative DVD of the movie. Included in the special features is a three-part documentary produced by Channel 4 in the United Kingdom on the life and works of Guru Dutt. His close associates and some of his family members remember him, his life and work. There is also a tribute to Geeta Dutt by Lata, in which she sings "Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam".
- "2002 Sight & Sound Top Films Survey of 253 International Critics & Film Directors". Cinemacom. 2002. Retrieved 19 April 2009.
- Helio San Miguel (2012). World Film Locations: Mumbai. Intellect Books. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-84150-632-6.
- Guru Dutt's association with Gyan Mukherjee.
- Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959)-Awards Internet Movie Database.