Joseph Whitaker (4 May 1820 – 15 May 1895) was a publisher who founded Whitaker's Almanack.
Joseph Whitaker was born in London, and apprenticed to a bookseller at the age of fourteen.
After years of experience at various bookselling firms, he undertook his own business as a publisher of theological works. In January 1858 he launched The Bookseller and in 1869 published the first issue of Whitaker's Almanack, a reference annual, which met with immediate (and lasting) success.
In 1874 he published the first edition of the Reference Catalogue of Current Literature, of which several editions have since appeared.
He was the father of fifteen children; the eldest, Joseph Vernon Whitaker was editor of the American Literary Gazette, and later returned to England to become editor of the Bookseller and the Reference Catalogue. Cuthbert Whitaker, the twelfth child, succeeded his father as editor of the Almanack.
References and sources
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Whitaker, Joseph". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Tedder, Henry Richard (1900). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 61. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- H. R. Tedder, Whitaker, Joseph (1820–1895) rev. Joseph Coohill, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004 (Subscription required)