|Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Roy Blunt|
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2015
Serving with Chuck Grassley
|Preceded by||Tom Harkin|
|Member of the Iowa Senate|
from the 12th district
January 5, 2011 – November 28, 2014
|Preceded by||Kim Reynolds|
|Succeeded by||Mark Costello|
|Auditor of Montgomery County|
|Preceded by||Connie Magneson|
|Succeeded by||Ted Schoonover|
Joni Kay Culver
July 1, 1970
Red Oak, Iowa, U.S.
(m. 1992; div. 2019)
|Education||Iowa State University (BA)|
Columbus State University (MPA)
|Branch/service|| United States Army|
Iowa Army National Guard
|Years of service||1993–2015|
|Unit||185th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion|
Joni Kay Ernst (née Culver; born July 1, 1970) is an American politician and veteran serving as the junior United States Senator for Iowa since 2015. A Republican, she served in the Iowa State Senate from 2011 to 2014. Ernst served in the Iowa Army National Guard from 1993 to 2015, retiring as a lieutenant colonel.
Ernst was considered a "long shot" at the start of her 2014 Senate campaign but was boosted by support from the Koch brothers and an ad that gained nationwide attention in which she referenced her experience castrating pigs, saying she would "cut pork" in Congress. Having been strongly critical of President Barack Obama, she has been characterized as a reliable ally of President Donald Trump, and was thought to be a possible running mate in his 2016 campaign.
Ernst opposes legalized abortion, and has supported a fetal personhood amendment and introduced legislation to defund Planned Parenthood. She opposes the Affordable Care Act and has called for reforms to Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security. She has indicated concern, although not opposition, to Trump's trade war with China and criticized some aspects of his foreign policy. While supporting both Trump's nominees for EPA administrator, she has expressed concern over their commitment to the Renewable Fuel Standard. She rejects human-caused climate change. At times, Ernst has appeared to support the idea that states can nullify federal laws, and has advocated for the elimination of federal departments such as the Department of Education and the Environmental Protection Agency, as well as the federal minimum wage.
Early life and career
Ernst was born Joni Kay Culver in Montgomery County, Iowa, the daughter of Marilyn and Richard Culver. She was valedictorian of her class at Stanton Community School District High School. She earned a bachelor's degree in psychology from Iowa State University, and a Master of Public Administration degree from Columbus State University. In college, she took part in an agricultural exchange to the Soviet Union.
Ernst joined Iowa State University's ROTC program at age 20 and the United States Army Reserve after graduating. She served as a logistics officer and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Iowa National Guard. In 2003–2004, she spent 12 months in Kuwait as the company commander of the 1168th Transportation Company, during the Iraq War. Near the end of her career, she served as the commanding officer of the 185th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion at Camp Dodge, the Iowa Army National Guard's largest battalion. Upon her retirement from the military in 2015, Ernst had served 23 years in the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard.
In an interview with Time Magazine in 2014, Ernst said that she was sexually harassed in the military, saying, "I had comments, passes, things like that" that she was able to stop, and said she would support removing sexual assault cases from the chain of command.
Ernst was elected Montgomery County Auditor in 2004 and reelected in 2008. She was elected to the Iowa State Senate in a special election in 2011 and reelected in 2012. She represented District 12, in southwestern Iowa.
Following her election to the U.S. Senate, Ernst resigned from the Iowa State Senate, effective November 28, 2014.
In July 2013, Ernst announced that she would seek the Senate seat held by retiring Democratic Senator Tom Harkin. Iowa Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds endorsed her in October 2013. In March 2014, Ernst was endorsed by former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, to whom she has drawn comparisons. In May 2014, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, a lobbying group, endorsed her.
Little known at the start of her campaign, Ernst was boosted in the Republican primary by the Koch brothers with "hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of television ads [...] and tens of thousands of dollars in direct campaign contributions". A Koch-backed group launched an "advertising blitz", including a $257,000 campaign against Ernst's biggest Republican rival, Mark Jacobs, who had supported a proposal to limit carbon emissions that Koch Industries opposed. Ernst privately credited the Kochs and their allies for having "really started my trajectory" after her primary victory.
Ernst received widespread attention for a campaign advertisement she released in March 2014, in which she made a tongue-in-cheek comparison between her experience castrating pigs and her ability to "cut pork" in Congress. Many found the ad humorous, and it was spoofed by late-night comedians, including Jimmy Fallon and Stephen Colbert. Before the ad aired, Ernst had struggled to raise money, and two polls of the Republican primary taken in February 2014 had shown her in second place, several points behind Mark Jacobs. After it aired, a Suffolk University poll in early April showed her with a narrow lead and a Loras College poll showed her essentially tied with Jacobs. By May, she was being described in the media as the "strong front-runner".
During the primary, Ernst promoted a conspiracy theory that a United Nations sustainable development plan, Agenda 21, could lead to farmers being forced off their land and made to live in cities, but a few months later she said she did not consider the plan a “threat”.
In a May 2014 Des Moines Register interview, Ernst said she was "extremely offended" by comments Jacobs made characterizing her as AWOL due to missing over 100 votes in the legislative session. Previously, in The Gazette, Ernst cited her National Guard duty to rebuff criticism about her missing votes, but The Gazette found that only 12 of the 117 missed votes came on days when she was on duty. The other 105 missed votes represented 57% of the Iowa Senate votes that session. Ernst's spokesman said she had a better than 90% voting record during her Senate career and that she had never claimed Guard service was the only reason she had missed votes.
In July, Ernst delivered the Republican Party's weekly address, criticizing a health care scandal at the Department of Veterans Affairs and calling for a balanced budget and reform of Social Security and Medicare. Later that month, she suspended her campaign while participating in two weeks of National Guard duty.
In endorsing her for the Republican primary nomination, the Des Moines Register wrote: "Ernst is a smart, well-prepared candidate who can wrestle with the details of public policy from a conservative perspective without seeming inflexible." On October 23, Ernst canceled a scheduled meeting with the Des Moines Register's editorial board, citing the paper's negative editorials about her. The editorial board ultimately endorsed Braley, citing Ernst's calls to abolish the EPA, the Department of Education, and the federal minimum wage, as well as her support for partially privatizing Social Security and overturning the Affordable Care Act.
In the 2014 election, Ernst received $17,552,085 in "dark money", which constituted 74% of non-party outside spending in her support; she had a $14 million outside spending advantage over her opponent. In an October 2014 debate, Ernst said she “believe[s] in political free speech” and did not see a need to change campaign finance laws.
114th Congress (2015–2017)
In May 2016, Chris Cilizza put Ernst on his short list of possible vice presidential running mates for Donald Trump to become the 45th President of the United States. Other media outlets also mentioned her as a possible benefit to Trump's campaign. On June 16, Ernst said no one had "reached out" to her and that she was content with this. On July 4, she and Trump met privately. Trump selected Governor Mike Pence of Indiana on July 15.
In 2016, Ernst and other Republican senators introduced "Sarah's Law" in honor of Sarah Root, a 21-year-old student in Omaha who was killed in a street racing crash earlier that year.
115th Congress (2017–2019)
In March, after photographs of nude female soldiers were posted on Facebook, Ernst said that this "type of activity creates a culture that leads to sexual assault." At a press conference two weeks later, she asked Congress to pass a law requiring people to immediately report suspected sexual assault at government facilities.
116th Congress (2019–present)
In March 2019, after the Special Counsel Investigation concluded and Attorney General William Barr released an abridged summary of Special Counsel Robert Mueller's report, Ernst called for a release of the report's full findings, saying, "as much of the report that can be made public should be".
In August 2020, when Iowa had the most new COVID-19 infections per capita of any state in the preceding seven days, Ernst repeated a debunked conspiracy theory that the case numbers were greatly inflated and that health care providers might be falsifying them. She later walked back her statements.
After Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's death in September 2020, Ernst said she supported Trump nominating a new justice before the November presidential election. Eight months before the 2016 presidential election, Ernst opposed Senate consideration of Obama's Supreme Court nominee, saying "the American people deserve to have a say" on a decision that would "impact the course of our country for years to come". In 2018, Ernst reiterated that Supreme Court nominees should not be heard during presidential election years, telling the Des Moines Register, "It’s precedent set. … So come 2020, if there’s an opening, I’m sure you’ll remind me of that."
Ernst ran for reelection in 2020. She was unopposed in the Republican primary and faced Democratic nominee Theresa Greenfield, a businesswoman and former congressional candidate, in the general election. Ernst was originally seen as the strong favorite, but news outlets characterized the race as unexpectedly competitive. Several polls during the campaign had Greenfield in the lead, and groups supporting both candidates spent historic amounts of money. Ernst won the general election, defeating Greenfield 52%-45%.
Shortly after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's death in September 2020, Ernst's campaign sent out a fundraising email citing the resulting court vacancy. Ernst quickly said the email should not have been sent and extended her sympathies to Ginsburg's family.
Some commentators have described Ernst as on the right wing of the Republican Party, and as one of the most radical candidates of the 2014 election cycle. On the Issues, which tracks candidates' positions and records, classifies her as a "Hard-Core Conservative". In 2019, Politico characterized her as "a reliable vote for most of Trump's agenda", and as of October 2020, she had voted in line with Donald Trump's positions 91.1% of the time.
Ernst opposes legalized abortion. In 2013, she voted for a fetal personhood amendment in the Iowa Senate and has said that she would support a federal personhood bill. Critics, such as the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, have expressed concern that such an amendment could restrict abortion even in cases of rape or incest, as well as certain forms of birth control, although Ernst has affirmed that she supports access to birth control. In January 2020, she petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court to reconsider Roe v. Wade, the landmark ruling that abortion bans are unconstitutional.
In 2017, Ernst introduced legislation allowing states to block Planned Parenthood from receiving Title X grants or reimbursements for treating Medicaid patients, although Planned Parenthood clinics provide multiple family planning services and the funding does not go to abortions except in rare circumstances.
In 2014, when asked about President Barack Obama's recess appointments, Ernst called Obama a "dictator" who should be "removed from office" or face "impeachment." She said, "He is running amok. He is not following our Constitution."
In 2020, Ernst voted to acquit Trump on both articles of impeachment (abuse of power and obstruction of Congress). She argued that Trump had learned his lesson, and that he would not ask a foreign leader to investigate his rivals again without going through the proper channels. At the same time, she suggested that Joe Biden could be impeached if he becomes president over his actions in Ukraine; there is no evidence of wrongdoing by Biden in regard to Ukraine.
Ernst opposes a federal minimum wage and has said that states should have sole authority to set their minimum wages. She voted against a minimum wage increase in the state Senate. In response to a Congressional Budget Office report projecting that increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour would lift 900,000 people out of poverty but cost 500,000 people their jobs, Ernst said, "government-mandated wage increases are not the solution."
Ernst has proposed eliminating the Internal Revenue Service. In the state Senate, she worked on legislation that reduced property taxes. In 2014, she said she supports a "fairer, flatter, and simpler" federal tax code, a reduction in discretionary spending and spending on social programs, and a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced federal budget. In 2017, she voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
In May 2018, Ernst was one of nine Republican senators to introduce a rescission package meant to fulfill Trump's wish to curb previously approved spending by $15.4 billion as part of an attempt to roll out the legislation to ensure it reached the Senate floor within a 45-day window.
Ernst supports eliminating the U.S. Department of Education, saying she "believe[s] our children are better educated when it's coming from the state." While states handle almost all education policy decisions, the Department of Education conducts nationwide research, monitors for discrimination, and distributes student financial aid through loans and grants. In 2014, Ernst claimed, inaccurately, that 94% of employees at the Department of Education had been deemed “nonessential” and argued funding would be better spent at the state and local level. PolitiFact calculated that hypothetically reassigning all employees to non-federal positions would increase state and local education staffing by “4/100ths of 1 percent”. In February 2017, Ernst voted to confirm Betsy DeVos as Education Secretary, saying they shared a belief that those "closest" to students know what is best for them.
Ernst rejects the scientific consensus on climate change and has said that any governmental regulation to address it should be "very small." In a 2014 debate, she said, "I don't know the science behind climate change. I can't say one way or another what is the direct impact from whether it's manmade or not." In 2018, after the release of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, detailing the impact of climate change, Ernst said that "our climate always changes and we see those ebb and flows through time".
In her 2014 Senate campaign, Ernst won support from the Koch brothers and affiliated groups, who helped propel her ahead of a primary opponent who backed a proposal to limit carbon emissions. In 2014, she said she is "adamantly opposed" to cap-and-trade, a market-based approach to reducing carbon emissions. She supported Trump's 2017 decision to withdraw from the Paris climate accords.
Ernst has called for eliminating the Environmental Protection Agency. In 2014, she criticized the impact of the Clean Water Act on farms and businesses and said she would have voted against the 2014 U.S. Farm Bill.
After voting to confirm Trump nominee Scott Pruitt as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, Ernst said in 2018 that he had lied to her about upholding the Renewable Fuel Standard, which mandates a minimum proportion of ethanol that must be mixed with fuel, while calling Pruitt "about as swampy as you get". In February 2019, Ernst voted to confirm Trump's new nominee for EPA administrator, Andrew Wheeler. In June 2019, she said she had asked Trump and Wheeler to limit the issuing of RFS waivers, saying they were being handed out "like candy" without congressional oversight.
Ernst opposed the Iran deal negotiated by the Obama administration. In January 2020, she expressed support for the US military's assassination of Iranian major general Qasem Soleimani by drone strike at Baghdad International Airport.
Of the Iraq War and weapons of mass destruction, she said, "We don't know that there were weapons on the ground when we went in. However, I do have reason to believe there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. That was the intelligence that was operated on. I have reason to believe there was weapons of mass destruction. My husband served in Saudi Arabia as an Army Central Command sergeant major for a year and that's a hot-button topic in that area." After criticism from Iowa Democrats and some commentators, Ernst then issued a statement that she had not meant to suggest that Iraq had WMD at the time of invasion, but rather that Iraq had used WMDs in the past, and that her point was that "we don't know exactly what happened to those weapons."
When asked whether she supports the limited airstrikes conducted in Iraq in August 2014, Ernst said, "What I can say is what I would have supported is leaving additional troops in Iraq longer and perhaps we wouldn't have this situation today."
In June 2018, Ernst questioned Trump's decision to suspend joint military exercises with South Korea. In July, she advocated that the United States continue the exercises in case talks between the US and North Korea did not continue.
In 2017, Ernst called Russia's behavior, including its annexation of Crimea and interference in U.S. elections, "totally unacceptable" and said Trump should "show strength against Vladimir Putin". The next year, she urged caution if the U.S. worked with Russia to "put a lid on Iran", saying that Russia would never be "a true friend or ally" to the U.S. She cited North Korea as another case where caution should be maintained when cooperating to make the world "a safer place". After the 2018 Russia-United States summit later that month, Ernst expressed hope that Trump had "delivered a strong message" that Russia would be punished for its annexation of Ukraine, support of Bashar al-Assad, and "aggressive actions in U.S. domestic policy", and that Trump had discussed Russia's actions in the Balkans.
Syrian civil war
In 2018, after missile strikes against Syria, Ernst said that she would be "uncomfortable" if Trump wanted to commit more American troops there, saying it was secondary to fighting ISIS. After Trump announced the withdrawal of troops from Syria, Ernst was one of six senators to sign a letter expressing concern, calling the move a "premature and costly mistake" that would "embolden ISIS, Bashar al Assad, Iran, and Russia."
In 2019, Ernst was one of six senators to sign a bipartisan letter to Trump calling on him to "urge Turkey to end their offensive and find a way to a peaceful resolution while supporting our Kurdish partners to ensure regional stability" and arguing that leaving Syria without installing protections for American allies endangered both them and the US.
In March 2018, Ernst voted to table a resolution spearheaded by Bernie Sanders, Chris Murphy, and Mike Lee that would have required Trump to withdraw American troops either in or influencing Yemen within the next 30 days unless they were combating Al-Qaeda. In November 2018, following the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, Ernst stated that Saudi Arabia was "great strategic partner" but that Congress should consider a legislative response due to the commitment of the United States to human rights and the rule of law. She added that Trump should become involved "if there are indicators coming from those intelligence agencies". In December, Ernst warned that a resolution withdrawing American support for the Saudi Arabia-led intervention in Yemen could complicate peace talks in Yemen and that, although Saudi Arabia should be punished for Khashoggi's death, "those consequences are I see as right now are separate from the discussion of the Saudis and their actions in Yemen engaging the Houthis."
Ernst supports open carry legislation, which allows guns to be carried openly in public. In 2019, she was one of 31 Republican cosponsors of a bill to grant those with concealed carry privileges in their home state the right to carry concealed weapons in other states with concealed carry laws.
In a 2014 debate, speaking about the Santa Barbara shooting, Ernst said, "Just because of a horrible, horrible tragedy, I don't believe we should be infringing upon people's Second Amendment rights." After the 2018 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, she said that mental illness was the "root cause" of many mass shootings. She later cosponsored a bill to require federal authorities to inform states within a day if a person failing a background check attempted to buy a firearm.
In 2017, amid bipartisan momentum for bump stock restrictions, Ernst was one of 10 Republican senators to sign a letter requesting that the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives review a decision that bump stocks fall outside the purview of existing gun regulations.
Ernst opposes the Affordable Care Act. The Campaign for Liberty reported that in 2012 Ernst had answered "Yes" to a survey question asking whether she would support legislation that would "nullify ObamaCare and authorize state and local law enforcement to arrest federal officials attempting to implement [it]." She voted for all three versions of a bill to repeal the ACA in 2017. In 2018, Ernst was one of 10 Republican senators to cosponsor a bill intended to guarantee coverage for people with preexisting conditions, though it would have allowed insurers to exclude coverage for the conditions themselves.
Ernst has expressed support for reforming Medicare and Medicaid and endorsed a partial privatization of both programs in a 2011 Iowa Senate vote. A CBO report found that the plan would increase medical costs for Medicare beneficiaries 61% by 2022, compared with 27% under the existing structure. In 2013, she said there was a "generation of people that rely on the government to provide absolutely everything for them" and that removing them from government programs such as the Affordable Care Act "is going to be very painful".
In June 2018, Ernst and Democratic senators Kirsten Gillibrand and Patrick Leahy wrote Defense Secretary James Mattis a letter saying they were "deeply troubled" by the decision to send 21 Judge Advocate General's Corps to prosecute immigration cases on the southern border, calling it an "inappropriate misapplication of military personnel" and urging Mattis to retain the military lawyers within the military justice system.
In July 2018, Ernst was one of 31 Republican senators to submit a resolution endorsing Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), saying its abolition would allow "dangerous criminal aliens" and members of the MS-13 gang to remain in the U.S.
Amid the 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown that resulted after Trump demanded $5.7 billion for a border wall, Ernst said she would "tend to agree that not all areas of our border need a physical barrier" if they are monitored by technology or Border Patrol agents and it was possible to respond in a "timely manner".
In May 2020, Ernst voted for an amendment co-sponsored by Senators Steve Daines and Ron Wyden that would have required federal intelligence and law enforcement agencies to obtain federal court warrants when collecting web search engine data from American citizens, nationals, or residents under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA).
In a 2014 debate, Ernst said she believes that same-sex marriage is a state's rights issue, but that she would support a federal ban were one proposed. In the Iowa Senate, she co-sponsored a bill to amend the state constitution to define marriage as between one man and one woman.
As a state senator, Ernst co-sponsored a resolution urging the "nullification" of EPA rules on emissions standards and another expressing the Iowa General Assembly's "refusal to recognize" federal laws "which conflict with the Second Amendment". In 2012, she answered "Yes" to a survey asking whether she would support legislation "nullify[ing] ObamaCare and authoriz[ing] state and local law enforcement to arrest federal officials attempting to implement [it]."
In 2013, Ernst said Congress should not pass laws "that the states would consider nullifying", referring to what she called "200-plus years of federal legislators going against the Tenth Amendment's states' rights." Courts have consistently ruled that nullification is unconstitutional. During her 2014 Senate campaign, Ernst's spokespeople argued that she did not support nullification, and that "her comments on it were about encouraging Iowans to send her to Washington to pass good laws."
Relationship with Steve King
Ernst's relationship with Steve King, a Republican House Representative known for his racist rhetoric and support for far-right politicians, has been criticized. In 2016, when King faced a primary challenge for his House seat, Ernst endorsed him, saying he "stands strong for life and liberty." In 2017, when King attracted criticism for saying "we can't restore our civilization with somebody else's babies" and for supporting European far-right politicians, Ernst said she did not condone King's behavior but would not ask for his resignation. In 2017, The Des Moines Register wrote a scathing editorial against King, which criticized Ernst for endorsing him in the past and not condemning him. In 2018, Ernst appeared with King at a rally in his district after King had endorsed a Canadian politician with neo-Nazi ties.
In 2019, amid extensive criticism of King by Republican politicians after King made controversial remarks about white supremacy, Ernst rebuked him. The New York Times wrote that Ernst's belated distancing from King might harm her 2020 reelection effort, as she previously "had spent years embracing Mr. King." Art Cullen, editor of The Storm Lake Times, criticized the timing of Ernst's response, which came after it started to look possible that King would lose his seat, writing "the hypocrisy is epic and comic." The Des Moines Register's editorial board questioned why it took national condemnation for Ernst to rebuke King. Ernst did not make an endorsement in King's 2020 Republican primary race, which he lost.
In 2018, as Trump imposed tariffs as part of his trade policy and other countries responded in kind, Ernst said she was willing to give him some leeway but worried about the impact on farmers. In May 2019, amid a trade war between the United States and China, Ernst said she did not like tariffs but that the "president's way of negotiating ... brings people to the table." She said that Iowa farmers are "disappointed" but that they recognize "that China is the one that is forcing this."
In January 2018, Ernst was one of 36 Republican senators to sign a letter to Trump requesting he preserve and modernize the North American Free Trade Agreement. In August 2018, she warned that failure to finish trade deals would "reflect negatively upon our Republican candidates" and advocated completing NAFTA and continuing to work with the European Union. In 2019, Ernst accused House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of "slow-walking" the passage of the USMCA trade agreement but believed there was enough support to ratify it.
In 1992, Ernst (then Joni Culver) married Gail Ernst. The Ernsts have one daughter, Libby. On August 27, 2018, Ernst announced that she and her husband were in the process of obtaining a divorce. In a sworn affidavit, Ernst stated that she had declined then-candidate Trump's offer to be his vice-presidential running mate because Gail "hated any successes [she] had and would belittle [her] and get angry any time [she] would achieve a goal", and that she made "sacrifices ... out of concern for Gail and [their] family." Gail said that he "gave up his aspirations" to support Ernst's pursuit of her political ambitions. The divorce was finalized in January 2019, with Joni Ernst alleging that Gail had verbally and mentally abused her and on one occasion physically assaulted her. The Ernsts accused each other of infidelity; both denied the respective accusations.
In her first interview after her divorce, Ernst revealed that she had been raped in college.
Ernst is a lifetime member of the Montgomery County Republican Women, Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2265, Montgomery County Court of Honor, Altrusa, PEO Chapter HB, the National Rifle Association, and the Montgomery County Farm Bureau. Her church is Mamrelund Lutheran Church in Stanton, Iowa, of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) denomination.
On June 13, 2018, federal judge Linda Reade sentenced Joseph Dierks, of Waterloo, Iowa, to six years in prison for threatening "to kill or otherwise harm" Ernst on Twitter. The sentence, which exceeds sentencing guidelines, was imposed on Dierks for disparaging comments he made about Reade and threats against the case prosecutor and his children, and against black corrections officers while awaiting trial.
In May 2020, she published her memoir, Daughter of the Heartland: My Ode to the Country That Raised Me.
|Iowa State Senate 12th district election, 2012|
|U.S. Senate Republican primary election in Iowa, 2014|
|U.S. Senate election in Iowa, 2014|
|Term Limits||Bob Quast||5,873||0.52%|
|U.S. Senate election in Iowa, 2020|
- "4 Nov 2004, Page 6 - The Des Moines Register at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com.
- Peterson, Mike. "Schoonover named to workforce development post". KMAland.com.
- Hughes, Emer (November 3, 2014). "Gail Ernst, Joni Ernst's Husband: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Rogin, Ali (July 18, 2016). "Joni Ernst: Everything You Need to Know". ABC News.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (December 1, 2015). "Joni Ernst retires from the military". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
- Ernst, Gail. "Joni Kay Ernst – Plaza of Heroines at Iowa State University". Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (June 3, 2014). "Joni Ernst wins Iowa GOP U.S. Senate race". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- Ernst, Gail (May 16, 1994). "Joni Kay Ernst". Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- "Meet the Candidate: Iowa's U.S. Senate seat: Joni Ernst, Republican". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst Announces bid for Kim Reynolds Iowa Senate Seat". The Iowa Republican. November 18, 2010. Archived from the original on January 15, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Miller, Jake (July 12, 2014). "GOP Senate candidate: Reform the VA, balance the budget". CBS News. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "The Iowa Legislature: Senator Joni Ernst". Archived from the original on September 18, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "Joni Ernst: Iowa Senate". Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (November 4, 2014). "Joni Ernst wins Iowa U.S. Senate seat". Des Moines Register. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst's Senate victory makes her first woman to represent Iowa in Congress". Omaha.com. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (July 10, 2013). "Republican Joni Ernst joins U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on July 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (May 29, 2014). "Ernst mobilizes to crash Washington's 'boys club'". Des Moines Register. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Newton-Small, Jay (August 15, 2014). "Ernst Says She Was Sexually Harassed in the Military". Time. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Iowa GOP lawmaker Joni Ernst enters 2014 Senate race". omaha.com. July 10, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- "Senator Joni Ernst (IA)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- ABOUT JONI Archived April 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Joni Ernst for Iowa
- "Ernst Resigns From Iowa Senate, Special Election Announced". WHO-TV. December 1, 2014. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- Henderson, O. Kay (October 7, 2013). "Lieutenant Governor Reynolds endorses Ernst in U.S. Senate race". Radio Iowa. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- Joseph, Cameron (March 26, 2014). "Palin endorses Joni Ernst in Iowa Senate race". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Sullivan, Sean (March 26, 2014). "Sarah Palin endorses Joni Ernst in Iowa Senate race". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- Jones, Allie (May 5, 2014). "Senate Candidate Joni Ernst's Sarah Palin Schtick is Now Beyond Parody". The Atlantic.
- "Joni Ernst: is this pig-castrating gun-lover the new Sarah Palin?". The Week. May 20, 2014.
- Hohmann, James (May 29, 2014). "Joni Ernst focused on primary in final Iowa debate". Politico. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (May 13, 2014). "National business group picks Joni Ernst over GOP rivals in Iowa U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- Sullivan, Sean (June 2, 2014). "The magic number for the Republican Party on Tuesday is 35 percent. And Joni Ernst is right there". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Vogel, Kenneth P. (November 12, 2015). "How the Kochs launched Joni Ernst". POLITICO.
- Nichols, John (January 20, 2015). "Joni Ernst Will Provide a Koch Brothers Rebuttal to the State of the Union". The Nation.
- Gustin, Georgina (September 10, 2020). "Senate 2020: Iowa Farmers Are Feeling the Effects of Climate Change. That Could Make Things Harder for Joni Ernst". InsideClimate News.
- Scherer, Michael (March 25, 2014). "Iowa Senate Candidate Says Castration Gives Her Conservative Cred". Time. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- James, Frank (March 28, 2014). "In Politics, Hog Castration Cuts Through The Ad Clutter". NPR. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Feldmann, Linda (April 15, 2014). "How did John Boehner's opponent get his campaign ad to go viral? Humor. (+video)". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (March 25, 2014). "Jimmy Fallon cringes at Joni Ernst's hog-castration ad". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (March 27, 2014). "Colbert: I'm pulling for Joni Ernst 'whole hog, or whatever's left'". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Rucker, Philip; Balz, Dan (May 12, 2014). "How Joni Ernst's ad about 'castrating hogs' transformed Iowa's U.S. Senate race". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- Koplowitz, Howard (March 25, 2014). "Joni Ernst 'Castrating Hogs' Ad: Republican Iowa Senate Candidate Stirs Controversy With Offbeat Campaign Spot [VIDEO]". International Business Times. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Conroy, Scott (March 26, 2014). "Sarah Palin endorses 'hog castrator' Jodi Ernst in Iowa Senate race". CBS News. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- Sullivan, Sean (February 3, 2014). "The Fix's fourth-quarter fundraising winners and losers". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- Kopan, Tal (March 26, 2014). "Sarah Palin endorses 'pork-cutting' Joni Ernst in Iowa". Politico. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Gonzales, Jose R. (March 9, 2014). "Ernst Aims to Be Iowa's First Female Senator". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- O'Neal, Adam (April 9, 2014). "Ernst Narrowly Leads GOP Field in Iowa Senate Race". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Poll: Joni Ernst Takes Lead in Iowa GOP Senate Primary". Weekly Standard. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "Jacobs, Ernst tied in inaugural Loras Poll". TH Online. April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Shiner, Meredith (August 13, 2014). "Will Joni Ernst's flirtations with the political fringe haunt her in November?". Yahoo! News.
- Murphy, Tim (September 25, 2014). "How does this GOP Senate candidate keep getting away with such terrible gaffes?". Mother Jones.
- Noble, Jason (May 9, 2014). "Joni Ernst: I was 'extremely offended' by AWOL attack". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Morelli, B.A. (April 14, 2014). "Few of Ernst's missed Iowa Senate votes due to National Guard Duty". The Gazette. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Boshart, Rod (April 1, 2014). "Iowa Sen. Ernst juggles busy schedule with Senate work". The Gazette. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (July 28, 2014). "Joni Ernst resumes campaign after 2 weeks of guard duty". Des Moines Register. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- The Register's Editorial: Joni Ernst offers Iowans strong credentials Des Moines Register, May 17, 2014
- Jacobs, Jennifer. "Ernst cancels meeting with Register's editorial board". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "The Register's Editorial announces candidate endorsements". KCCI News. October 25, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- "Endorsement: Bruce Braley is better choice". Des Moines Register. Editorial Board. October 26, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- Vandewalker, Ian (November 10, 2014). "Outside Spending and Dark Money in Toss-Up Senate Races: Post-Election Update". www.brennancenter.org. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
- Hayworth, Bret. "Braley, Ernst agree on 1 thing — negative political ads are grating". Sioux City Journal. Archived from the original on April 6, 2017.
- Lachman, Samantha (November 4, 2014). "Iowa Senate Election Results: Joni Ernst Wins Race Against Bruce Braley". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- Ta, Luke Nozicka and Linh. "Divorce filing: U.S. Sen. Joni Ernst says her husband physically attacked her". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
- Noble, Jason (January 15, 2015). "Ernst to deliver GOP State of the Union rebuttal". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Kim, Seung Min (January 20, 2015) – "Joni Ernst's Response: Congress Is 'Back to Work'". POLITICO. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Transcript of Republican Response to 2015 State of the Union Address The New York Times January 20, 2015 "Senator Joni Ernst, the newly elected Republican from Iowa, gave the official G.O.P. response to President Obama's State of the Union address on Tuesday.
- Corey, Dan (May 5, 2016). "Sen. Ernst talks possible Vice President Run: Potential Donald Trump running mate". Des Moines: WOI TV. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Cillizza, Chris (May 3, 2016). "Donald Trump is the presumptive GOP nominee. Here are 5 people who could be his VP". Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Van Buren, Peter (May 2, 2016). "Could This Be Donald Trump's Vice Presidential Pick?". Huffington Post. New York. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Scott, Lauren (May 4, 2016). "Sen. Joni Ernst responds to rumors of vice president nod". Omaha: KETV. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Bacon, Jr., Perry (May 4, 2016). "Vice Presidential Picks Could Hold Clues to Strategies for Trump and Clinton". NBC news. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Noble, Jason (June 16, 2016). "Ernst: Trump 'must have his eyes set on somebody else' for VP". Des Moines Register.
- Haberman, Maggie (July 4, 2016). "Donald Trump Meets With Senator Joni Ernst, a Possible Running Mate". New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Klein, Ezra (July 15, 2016). "Donald Trump chooses Mike Pence for VP, undermining everything unique about his campaign". Vox. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Barbash, Fred (July 22, 2016). "The story of Sarah Root, who Trump said was sacrificed 'on the altar of open borders'". Washington Post. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Danielson, Dar (January 12, 2017). "Senator Ernst questions nominee for Secretary of Defense". Radioiowa.com.
- Henderson, O. Kay. "Ernst: 'absolutely no excuse' for posting naked photos of female Marines". Radio Iowa.
- "Sen. Ernst calls for bill to protect athletes from sexual abuse". kwwl.com. March 28, 2017.
- Bolton, Alexander (November 14, 2018). "McConnell reelected as leader, Thune promoted to whip". The Hill. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- Carney, Jordain (January 3, 2019). "Senate GOP names first female members to Judiciary panel". The Hill.
- Opsahl, Robin (March 25, 2019). "Sens. Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst call for a full release of the Mueller report findings". Des Moines Register.
- Gabriel, Trip (September 2, 2020). "Joni Ernst, in a Tight Senate Race, Repeats a Debunked Coronavirus Theory". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- Shepherd, Katie (September 2, 2020). "'So skeptical': Sen. Joni Ernst echoes conspiracy theory questioning coronavirus death count". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- Arkin, James (September 30, 2020). "SCOTUS battle crashes into decisive Senate race in Iowa". POLITICO. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
- Desjardins, Lisa (September 22, 2020). "What every Republican senator has said about filling a Supreme Court vacancy in an election year". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- Villa, Lissandra (September 24, 2020). "Here's What GOP Senators Said About the 2016 Supreme Court Vacancy—And What They're Saying Now". Time.
- Cauterucci, Christina (October 15, 2020). "Joni Ernst Hopes Some Performative Feminism Might Save Her Senate Seat". Slate Magazine. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
- Harris, Mary (October 22, 2020). "The Iowa Senate Race Wasn't Supposed to Be This Close". Slate Magazine.
- Pfannenstiel, Brianne. "Iowa Poll: Theresa Greenfield narrowly leads Joni Ernst in hyper-competitive Senate race". Des Moines Register.
- "Theresa Greenfield Leads Ernst by Six Points in New Iowa Poll". WHBF. October 28, 2020.
- Weig, Nick (October 11, 2020). "New poll shows Theresa Greenfield maintaining lead over incumbent Senator Joni Ernst". KGAN.
- Murphy, Erin. "U.S. Senate race sets $234 million record in Iowa". The Gazette.
- Broadwater, Luke (November 4, 2020). "Joni Ernst Wins in Iowa, Frustrating Democrats' Push for Senate Majority". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2020.
- Zhou, Li (June 2, 2020). "Theresa Greenfield has won the Democratic Senate primary in Iowa". Vox. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
- Hepker, Aaron (September 19, 2020). "Senator Ernst campaign facing criticism after fundraising email highlighting Supreme Court vacancy sent out shortly after Justice Ginsburg's death announced". KCRG. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Bouie, Jamelle (September 30, 2014). "Iowa's Joni Ernst Is Part of the Far-Right Fringe". Slate.
The problem with Ernst, however, is that she does have policy ideas—and they are far, far outside the mainstream. So much so that she exists on the radical edge of the Republican Party
- Sargent, Greg (August 15, 2014). "Morning Plum: How far right is Joni Ernst?". Washington Post.
taken all together, emerging Ernst quotes raise the question of whether she is the most ideologically far right GOP Senate candidate of the cycle
- Benen, Steve (January 15, 2015). "The 'perfect choice' to serve as the voice of the 2015 GOP". MSNBC.
Ernst was arguably the most extremist candidate to seek statewide office in 2014. [...] The moment she was elected, Ernst instantly became one of the most radical U.S. senators, not just of this current Congress, but in recent American history.
- "Joni Ernst on the Issues". www.ontheissues.org.
- Levine, Marianne. "One of the GOP's brightest female stars is dogged by Trump in 2020". POLITICO. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Bycoffe, Aaron (January 30, 2017). "Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
- Gruber-Miller, Stephen. "Joni Ernst touts anti-abortion advocacy at Family Leadership Summit". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Bassett, Laura (October 16, 2014). "Senate Candidate Joni Ernst Endorses Federal Personhood Bill For Fetuses". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- Noble, Jason (September 4, 2014). "Exclusive: New ad knocks Ernst support of 'Personhood amendment'". Des Moines Register.
- Brennan, Paul (January 2, 2020). "Ernst, Grassley and King sign legal brief encouraging the Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade". Little Village.
- Hytrek, Nikoel (January 3, 2020). "Joni Ernst Petitions Supreme Court To Reconsider Roe v. Wade". Iowa Starting Line. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Smith, Jordan (February 10, 2017). "Sen. Joni Ernst Puts Planned Parenthood — and Access to Birth Control — on the Chopping Block". The Intercept.
- Desjardins, Lisa (March 30, 2017). "Why the Senate voted to block funding for Planned Parenthood and other abortion providers". PBS NewsHour.
- Shiner, Meredith (July 8, 2014). "Joni Ernst seeks to walk back talk of impeaching Obama". Yahoo! News.
- Shinner, Meredith. "Joni Ernst: 'Impeachment' of Obama should be on the table". Yahoo News. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- Kim, Seung Min (July 9, 2020). "Trump who? Senate GOP candidates in tight races avoid any mention of the president in campaign ads". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Akin, Katie (February 5, 2020). "U.S. Sens. Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst voted to acquit President Trump. Read what they said about their votes". Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- Ernst on Ukraine call: Trump 'knows now' to use proper channels - CNN Video, retrieved March 15, 2020
- Cammarata, Sarah (February 2, 2020). "Joni Ernst: Trump's learned his lesson on foreign interference". POLITICO. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- Perano, Ursula (February 2, 2020). "GOP Sen. Joni Ernst warns there could be push impeach Biden if he's elected president". Axios. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- Brennan, Paul (February 3, 2020). "Joni Ernst cites discredited conspiracy theory to claim Joe Biden could be impeached if elected president". Little Village.
- Everett, Burgess; Bresnahan, John (May 6, 2020). "Republicans praise Trump's pandemic response with Senate majority at risk". POLITICO. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- Nebbe, Charity; Perkins, Katherine (June 1, 2014). "Candidate Profile: Joni Ernst". Iowa Public Radio.
- Skipper, John (August 25, 2014). "Ernst: Let states set minimum wage". Mason City Globe-Gazette. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Hohmann, James (May 29, 2014). "Ernst goes right in final Iowa debate". POLITICO.
- Tibbetts, Ed (February 18, 2014). "Report: Minimum wage boost would cost jobs, lower poverty". The Quad-City Times.
- O' Connor, Molly (June 27, 2014). "Does Joni Ernst want to abolish the Education Department and the EPA?". PolitiFact. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Ernst calls for elimination of IRS, Dept. of Education and EPA". Iowa PBS. April 24, 2014.
- "Ernst, Payton speak at local GOP meeting". Newton Daily News. November 27, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- Noble, Jason. "How they voted: Iowa's GOP members of Congress vote 'yes' on tax overhaul". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Jacobson, Louis (August 21, 2014). "Democratic ad says Iowa GOP candidate Joni Ernst backs privatizing Social Security". PolitiFact.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (October 7, 2014). "Factcheck.org: Democrats misrepresent Joni Ernst's position on Social Security". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Carney, Jordain (May 25, 2018). "GOP senators introduce Trump's plan to claw back $15 billion in spending". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Jacobson, Louis (September 30, 2014). "Joni Ernst says 94 percent of Education Department employees are 'nonessential'". PolitiFact.
- Noble, Jason (February 7, 2017). "Grassley, Ernst vote 'yes' on DeVos confirmation". Des Moines Register.
- Wootson, Cleve (March 18, 2017). "A Republican senator defended Betsy DeVos at a town hall. Boos drowned her out". Washington Post.
- Koss, Emily (February 7, 2017). "Senator Joni Ernst Explains Support of Betsy DeVos". whotv.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019.
- Hohmann, James (September 28, 2014). "Bruce Braley, Joni Ernst tear into each other". Politico.
- Masters, Clay (September 29, 2014). "Braley, Ernst Differ in First U.S. Senate Debate". Iowa Public Radio.
- Bobic, Igor (November 25, 2018). "GOP Shrugs Off Bombshell Climate Report". Huffington Post.
- Tysver, Robynn. "Iowa and Nebraska lawmakers stand by Trump on Paris climate accord". Omaha.com. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- Tibbetts, Ed (August 12, 2014). "Ernst takes on EPA Clean Water Act plan". Sioux City Journal.
- Wolff, Eric (June 5, 2018). "Pruitt 'is about as swampy as you get,' Republican senator says". POLITICO. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Cama, Timothy (June 5, 2018). "GOP senator says Pruitt is 'as swampy as you get'". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Meyer, Elizabeth (October 1, 2019). "Joni Ernst Voted For EPA Leaders Undermining Ethanol". Iowa Starting Line.
- Lynch, James Q. (June 20, 2019). "Sen. Joni Ernst pushing to rein in renewable fuel refinery exemptions". The Gazette. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Henderson, Kay (January 3, 2020). "Senator Ernst says Iran General Soleimani brought to justice". Radio Iowa. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- David Weigel (May 12, 2014). "The Iowa Republican Senator-to-Be Who Thinks Iraq Had WMD". Slate. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Joseph, Cameron (May 12, 2014). "Iowa Republican still believes Iraq had WMDs". The Hill. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (May 13, 2014). "Ernst seeks to clarify remark on Iraq WMDs". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- Zeleny, Jeff (August 8, 2014). "Joni Ernst, From Obscure Iowa Legislator to Potential Role Model for Future GOP Candidates". ABC News. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Bolton, Alexander (June 12, 2018). "GOP senator questions suspension of joint military exercises with South Korea". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Greenwood, Max (July 8, 2018). "GOP senator: US should continue military exercises with South Korea if North Korea talks break down". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Noble, Jason (February 16, 2017). "Sen. Ernst: Trump must 'step up' and lead opposition to Russia". Des Moines Register.
- Tillett, Emily (July 8, 2018). "Sen. Joni Ernst: Russia will never "be a true friend" to the U.S." CBS News. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Pfannenstiel, Brianne. "Iowa Sen. Chuck Grassley criticizes Trump, saying 'Putin isn't a friend to the United States'". Des Moines Register. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Kirkpatrick, Alex (November 18, 2015). "Sen. Joni Ernst calls for 'pause' on Syrian refugee arrivals". kcci.com.
- Bolton, Alexander (April 15, 2018). "GOP senator uncomfortable with ground troops in Syria". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Axelrod, Tal (December 19, 2018). "Senators call on Trump administration to reconsider Syria withdrawal". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Koplowitz, Howard (October 17, 2019). "Doug Jones joins bipartisan group of senators in urging Trump to rethink Syria policy". al.com. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Carney, Jordain (March 20, 2018). "Senate sides with Trump on providing Saudi military support". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Demirjian, Karoun (November 25, 2018). "More Republicans challenge Trump on defense of Saudi crown prince". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Morin, Rebecca (December 11, 2018). "Ernst warns resolution to punish Saudis could hurt Yemen peace talks". Politico. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Sens. Cruz, Cornyn file Concealed-Carry Reciprocity Bill". kcbd.com. January 10, 2019.
- Carros, Adam (February 16, 2018). "Grassley, Ernst deflect criticism of gun, mental health bill". KCCI.
- Gaudiano, Nicole (March 5, 2018). "School safety bill introduced by bipartisan senators in response to Florida shooting". wfmynews2.com.
- "Collins-backed push to keep criminals from guns progresses". seacoastonline.com. March 10, 2018.
- Carney, Jordain (October 6, 2017). "GOP senators want review of Obama-era decision on bump stocks". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Brennan, Paul (October 5, 2017). "Sen. Joni Ernst and Rep. David Young, among top recipients of NRA dollars in Congress, encourage public to pray after Las Vegas massacre". Little Village.
- Strauss, Daniel (October 3, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: GOPer Ernst Backed Arresting Feds Over Obamacare In 2012 Survey". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- Sarlin, Benjy (October 3, 2014). "Conservative group: Ernst backed arresting feds over Obamacare". MSNBC. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Iowa State Legislative Candidates survey". Campaign for Liberty. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- Parlapiano, Alicia; Andrews, Wilson; Lee, Jasmine C.; Shorey, Rachel (July 25, 2017). "How Each Senator Voted on Obamacare Repeal Proposals". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Leys, Tony. "Grassley and Ernst, who voted for ill-fated Obamacare repeal bills, aren't surrendering". Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Hellmann, Jessie (August 24, 2018). "GOP senators introduce bill to preserve ObamaCare's pre-existing conditions protections". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Young, Jeffrey (August 25, 2018). "The GOP's New Pre-Existing Conditions Promise Is A Fraud". Huffington Post.
- Carros, Adam. "Fact Check: Ernst on Medicare". The Gazette. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- Beutler, Brian (October 17, 2014). "Joni Ernst: Poor People Aren't Entitled to Food, Clothing, or Health Care". The New Republic.
- Kheel, Rebecca (June 22, 2018). "Senators 'deeply troubled' military lawyers being used for immigration cases". The Hill.
- Carney, Jordain (July 12, 2018). "GOP senators introduce resolution endorsing ICE". The Hill.
- Leys, Tony (January 10, 2019). "Sen. Joni Ernst: A wall is unnecessary along parts of U.S.-Mexico border". Des Moines Register.
- "UPDATE: Ernst in favor of repealing Net Neutrality". KCRG. Associated Press. May 16, 2018.
- Hardy, Kevin. "Iowa Sens. Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst just voted against net neutrality. Here's why". Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
- "Senate Democrats Defend Voting In Line with Donald Trump on NSA Surveillance Bill". www.theintercept.com. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 116th Congress - 2nd Session". www.senate.gov. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
- Reilly, Mollie (May 29, 2014). "GOP Senate Candidate Has Self-Contradictory Take On Gay Marriage". HuffPost. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
- Everett, Burgess (July 26, 2017). "Ernst opposes Trump's ban on transgender troops". POLITICO. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- Bobic, Igor (July 29, 2014). "Joni Ernst Has A History Of Advocating Nullification Of Federal Laws". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "Senate Joint Resolution SJR7". The Iowa Legislature. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- Levy, Gabrielle (July 28, 2014). "Iowa GOP nominee says states can nullify federal laws". United Press International. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (July 30, 2014). "Ernst campaign says she doesn't support nullification". Des Moines Register.
- Lynch, James Q. "Joni Ernst endorses Steve King in Iowa 4th District". The Gazette. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Kilgore, Ed (January 14, 2019). "Republicans Have Tolerated Steve King's Racism for a Long Time". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Everett, Burgess (March 17, 2017). "Ernst declines to ask for King's resignation over 'babies' tweet". POLITICO. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Greenwood, Max (March 18, 2017). "Ernst declines to ask for King to resign after 'babies' tweet". TheHill. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Wang, Amy B. (March 14, 2017). "The Des Moines Register just went off on Steve King". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Editorial: GOP needs to oppose King's re-election, not just King's words". Des Moines Register. March 13, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Gabriel, Trip (January 11, 2019). "Steve King's White Supremacy Remark Is Rebuked by Iowa's Republican Senators". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Gabriel, Trip; Martin, Jonathan; Fandos, Nicholas (January 14, 2019). "Steve King Removed From Committee Assignments Over White Supremacy Remark". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Gabriel, Trip (January 17, 2019). "Steve King Still Has Backing in Iowa, but Even Supporters Say 'He's Done'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Cullen, Art (January 15, 2019). "The epic hypocrisy of Republicans' sudden distaste for Steve King | Art Cullen". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Basu, Rekha. "Why did it take national condemnation for Grassley, Ernst, Reynolds to call out King?". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Lynch, James (July 25, 2019). "Sen. Joni Ernst won't endorse Rep. Steve King in 4th District GOP primary". The Gazette. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- Everett, Burgess (July 24, 2018). "'Like a Soviet-type economy': GOP free traders unload on Trump". Politico. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- "The Finance 202: Farmers are bracing for more tariff pain. But they're sticking with Trump -- for now". The Washington Post. May 14, 2019. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Everett, Burgess; Levine, Marianne (May 13, 2019). "Republicans surrender to Trump's China tariffs". POLITICO. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Needham, Vicki (January 30, 2018). "Senate Republicans call on Trump to preserve NAFTA". The Hill. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Ebert, Joel (August 24, 2018). "At Blackburn event, U.S. Sen. Joni Ernst stresses trade deals need to be settled before November". Tennessean.com.
- Lynch, James Q. (July 3, 2019). "Iowa senators optimistic on North American trade deal". The Gazette.
- "Shafter, William Rufus, (16 Oct. 1835–12 Nov. 1906), Major-General United States Volunteers; Brigadier-General, United States Army; retired as Major-General, 30 June 1901, by Act of Congress", Who Was Who, Oxford University Press, December 1, 2007, doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u190836
- Tully-McManus, Katherine (August 28, 2018). "Sen. Joni Ernst, Husband Divorcing". rollcall.com. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Jacobs, Ben (January 22, 2019). "Joni Ernst says she turned down chance to be Donald Trump's vice-president". The Guardian. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Morin, Rebecca (January 22, 2019). "Ernst says she turned down Trump VP job". Politico. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- Nozicka, Luke; Ta, Linh (January 22, 2019). "Divorce filing: U.S. Sen. Joni Ernst says her husband physically attacked her". Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (January 23, 2019). "Republican Senator Joni Ernst Says She Was Raped in College". Bloomberg News.
- Richinick, Michele (October 23, 2014). "Iowa's Joni Ernst: A gun will 'defend' me if government doesn't". MSNBC. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "Threats to Joni Ernst lead to prison Waterloo man receives 6 years for tweets about U.S. senator". The Gazette. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Memoir by Sen. Joni Ernst of Iowa coming out in May". Des Moines Register. Associated Press. January 27, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joni Ernst.|
- Senator Joni Ernst official U.S. Senate website
- Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate campaign website
- Joni Ernst at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Member of the Iowa Senate
from the 12th district
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Iowa
Cathy McMorris Rodgers
| Response to the State of the Union address
| Keynote Speaker of the Republican National Convention
| Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Iowa
Served alongside: Chuck Grassley
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority