John W. Heavey
Heavey as a captain during the Spanish–American War
|Born||February 19, 1867|
|Died||November 18, 1941 (aged 74)|
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1891–1931|
|Commands held||Fort Niagara|
20th Infantry Regiment
33rd Infantry Regiment
Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
John William Heavey was born in Vandalia, Illinois on February 19, 1867 and graduated from Vandalia High School in 1884. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1891, receiving his commission as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry. Heavey served with the 5th Infantry Regiment in several southern states and New York between 1891 and 1898.
In 1898 Heavey joined the 11th Infantry for the Spanish–American War, serving in Puerto Rico, including battles at Hormigueros and Las Marias and assignment as commander of the post at Mayaguez. He remained on duty in Puerto Rico until 1902, when he was assigned to the Philippines, including a posting to Camp Jossman and action against the Moros on Mindanao and Jolo.
Heavey graduated from the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in 1912 and the United States Army War College in 1913.
In 1916 Heavey served on the Mexican border with the 9th Infantry during the Pancho Villa Expedition. Now a lieutenant colonel, he was then assigned to Fort Niagara as the commander and senior instructor for the Officer Training School.
World War I
During World War I Heavey received temporary promotions to colonel and brigadier general and served as executive officer of the Militia Bureau. From August, 1918 to February, 1919 he served as acting Chief of the Militia Bureau when incumbent Jesse McI. Carter was assigned to command the 11th Infantry Division.
Heavey’s World War I duties included responsibility for National Guard soldiers assigned to guard utilities and railroads within the United States to protect them from sabotage.
Post World War I
Heavey remained as executive officer of the Militia Bureau until 1922, reverting to the permanent rank of colonel. He was then assigned to the office of the Army Chief of Staff. From 1923 to 1926 he served at Fort Clayton, Panama Canal Zone and successively commanded the 20th and 33rd Infantry Regiments.
Retirement and death
In 1894, Heavey married Julia Baggett (1871–1906). They had three sons: William Francis Heavey (West Point, 1917), Thomas Jackson Heavey (West Point, 1917, second class), and Wade Hampton Heavey (West Point, 1923). In 1915, Heavey married Katherine Theresa Sullivan (1868–1943).
Wade H. Heavey (1902–1961) was Assistant Comptroller of the Army and retired as a colonel.
- Henry Blaine Davis, Generals in Khaki, 1998, page 170
- George Washington Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 6, Part 1, 1920, pages 590–591
- West Point Association of Graduates, Biography, John W. Heavey 1891, accessed May 5, 2013
- George Washington Cullum, Edward Singleton Holden, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy, Volume IV, 1901, page 519
- University of Wyoming, Annual Catalog, 1908, pages 11–12
- Marquis Who's Who, Who Was Who in American History: The Military, 1975, page 248
- Massachusetts Adjutant General's Office, Annual Report, 1914, page 49
- George Washington Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy, Volume 7, 1930, page 323
- Army and Navy Journal Incorporated, Army, Navy, Air Force Journal, Volume 89, Issues 1-26, 1951, page 424
- West Point Association of Graduates, Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy, 1991, page 907
- West Point Association of Graduates, Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy, 1974, page 802
- William F. Heavey, Down Ramp! the Story of the Army Amphibian Engineers, 1946, 2010 reprint, title page
- Historical Division, Department of the Army, China-Burma-India Theater, Volume 2, 1956, page xi
- Army and Navy Journal Incorporated, Army, Navy, Air Force Journal, Volume 98, Issues 27-52, 1961, page 1006
Jesse McI. Carter
| Chief of the National Guard Bureau
Jesse McI. Carter