John Andrew Sutherland (born 9 October 1938) is a British academic, newspaper columnist and author. He is Emeritus Lord Northcliffe Professor of Modern English Literature at University College London.
After graduating from the University of Leicester in 1964, Sutherland gained a PhD from the University of Edinburgh, where he began his academic career as an assistant lecturer. He specialises in Victorian fiction, 20th-century literature, and the history of publishing. Among his works of scholarship is the Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction (known in the US as Stanford Companion, 1989), a comprehensive encyclopedia of Victorian fiction. A second edition was published in 2009 with 900 biographical entries, synopses of over 600 novels, and extensive background material on publishers, reviewers and readers.
Apart from writing regularly for The Guardian newspaper, Sutherland has published eighteen books and is editing the forthcoming Oxford Companion to Popular Fiction. The series of books which starts with Is Heathcliff a murderer? has brought him a wide readership. The books in the series are collections of essays about classic fiction from the Victorian period. Carefully going over the text, Sutherland highlights apparent inconsistencies, anachronisms and oversights, and explains references which the modern reader is likely to overlook. In some cases he demonstrates the likelihood that the author simply forgot a minor detail. In others, apparent slips on the part of the author are presented as evidence that something is going on below the surface of the book which is not explicitly described (such as his explanation for why Sherlock Holmes should mis-address Miss Stoner as Miss Roylott in "The Adventure of the Speckled Band").
In 2001, he published Last Drink to LA, a chronicle of his alcoholism, drug addiction and return to sobriety. In 2004, he published a biography of Stephen Spender. In 2005, he was involved in Dot Mobile's project to translate summaries and quotes of classic literature into text messaging shorthand. In the same year he was also Chair of Judges for the Man Booker Prize, despite having caused some controversy in 1999 when he revealed details of disagreements between his fellow judges in his Guardian column. In 2007, he published an autobiography The Boy Who Loved Books. The same year his annotated edition of Robert Louis Stevenson's The Black Arrow was released by Penguin Books. In 2011, he published Lives of the Novelists: A History of Fiction in 294 Lives, an 800-page book containing 294 idiosyncratic sketches of famous and lesser-known novelists selected from the past 400 years.
His choice of reading material on long flights to Los Angeles — thrillers — has proven contentious. Novelist Anne Haverty, while reviewing one of his books, wrote: "But this man is an arbiter of literature. It's like finding Jamie Oliver munching on Big Macs". She expressed sadness that Sutherland is "only mildly exercised by the most dangerous aspect of publishing now — its capitulation to dumbing down and the manipulation of public taste". And on "the actual content of novels, he limits himself, perhaps wisely, to generalities".
- Is Heathcliff a Murderer? Puzzles in Nineteenth-century Fiction, Oxford University Press, 1996, ISBN 0-19-282516-X
- Can Jane Eyre Be Happy? More Puzzles in Classic Fiction, OUP, 1997, ISBN 0-19-283309-X
- Who Betrays Elizabeth Bennet? Further Puzzles in Classic Fiction, OUP, 1999
- Henry V, War Criminal? & Other Shakespeare Puzzles, (w/ Cedric Watts), OUP, 2000, ISBN 0-19-283879-2
- Last Drink to LA, Faber and Faber, 2001, ISBN 978-0-571-20855-5
- The Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction, 2nd edition, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4082-0390-3
- The Boy Who Loved Books: A Memoir, John Murray, 2007, ISBN 978-0-7195-6431-4
- Lives of the Novelists: A History of Fiction in 294 Lives, Profile Books, 2011, ISBN 978-1846681578
- A Little History of Literature, Yale University Press, 2013, ISBN 978-0300186857
- Who's Who 2002.
- J. A., Sutherland (1973). "Thackeray at work". hdl:1842/17669. Cite journal requires
- "40 years on" (retirement thoughts), The Guardian – Higher education, 5 May 2004.
- Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction, 2nd edition, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4082-0390-3
- Reynolds, Nigel (5 January 2005). "Protests at 'infuriating' Booker judge". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Haverty, Anne (2 September 2006). "Still bilious about the Booker". The Irish Times.