John Ivan Simon
May 12, 1925
|Residence||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
John Ivan Simon (born May 12, 1925) is an American author and literary, theater, and film critic.
John Simmon was born in Subotica of Hungarian descent to Joseph and Margaret (née Reves) Simmon. He amended his surname at some point to "Simon". He has said that his middle name "Ivan" was later added by his father to add distinction. He grew up in Belgrade before immigrating to the United States in 1941, aged 16, on a tourist visa to join his father.
By 1944 he was in United States Army Air Forces basic training camp in Wichita Falls, Texas. Both of his parents became naturalized United States citizens in 1941. He attended Harvard University where he earned his BA, MA, and PhD. As a student, Simon was hired by playwright Lillian Hellman to prepare a translation of Jean Anouilh's The Lark, but he was reportedly only paid $50, half of the agreed amount, because, in his own words, he gave her fifty double-spaced pages but she had expected that many pages in single-space.
Simon has written theater, film, music, and book reviews for publications such as New York, Esquire, The Hudson Review, National Review, Opera News, The New Leader, Commonweal, The New Criterion and The New York Times Book Review. He contributes an occasional essay to The Weekly Standard. Simon was the theater critic at New York for 36 years from October 1968 until May 2005. He wrote theater reviews for Bloomberg News from June 2005 through November 2010. He most recently reviewed theater for The Westchester Guardian.
Reporting for Playbill, Robert Simonson wrote that Simon's "stinging reviews – particularly his sometimes vicious appraisals of performers' physical appearances – have periodically raised calls in the theatre community for his removal." In 1969, the New York Drama Critics' Circle voted 10–7 to deny Simon membership, although the following year he was accepted into the group. A 1980 issue of Variety included an ad signed by 300 people decrying Simon's reviews as racist and vicious.
His removal seems to have been political, with a new editor-in-chief acceding to the usual pressure from theatrical producers to replace him with someone more positive. ... In fact, Simon was no more negative than most critics, but his lively writing style meant that his gibes were more memorable than those of the others. His enthusiasms were expressed with the same vigor—after heaping praise on the writing, acting, directing, and even the set designs of Doubt, for example, he described it as "a theatrical experience it would be sinful to miss." But positive reviews tend to be taken for granted, while negative ones are seen as personal insults. (I regularly get angry letters and e-mails of complaint from actors and theatre companies, but no one has ever thanked me for a favorable notice.) Theatrical producers in particular become enraged when reviews do not sound like one of their press releases. They finally seemed to have prevailed.
While some people loved Simon's reviews in New York magazine and others hated them, many were quick to change positions, depending on what he thought of their latest work. Interviewed for The Paris Review, Simon described a photo taken with producer Joseph Papp who had "his arm around me after I've given him a good review, and [asked] for the picture back the next month because of a bad review." Lynn Redgrave and John Clark were particularly happy with his review of Shakespeare for My Father, then about to debut on Broadway. Others have suggested that his negative criticism is mean-spirited, not constructive. For example, he is known for dwelling on what he sees as the physical flaws of those actors who displease him: Wallace Shawn is "unsightly", Barbra Streisand's nose "cleaves the giant screen from east to west, bisects it from north to south. It zigzags across our horizon like a bolt of fleshy lightning", while Kathleen Turner is a "braying mantis".
In his memoir Life Itself, Roger Ebert wrote, "I feel repugnance for the critic John Simon, who made it a specialty to attack the way actors look. They can't help how they look, any more than John Simon can help looking like a rat." 
In The Language Instinct, Steven Pinker criticized Simon for reviews obsessively focusing on actors' physical appearances to the detriment of critical acumen. Carol Burnett wrote a letter to Time responding to an attack on Liza Minnelli, whose face Simon had compared to that of a beagle, and she closed with "Could Mr. Simon be suffering from a simple case of heart envy?" Whatever the answer, Simon did not let the comment color his critical opinion – nearly a quarter of a century later, Simon gave an unqualified rave review to Hollywood Arms (2002), an autobiographical play which Burnett had co-written.
In 1973, Simon wrote an unfavorable review of the play Nellie Toole and Co., which featured actress Sylvia Miles, whom Simon referred to as "one of New York's leading party girls and gate-crashers". In retaliation, Miles dumped a plate of food, mostly steak tartare (not pasta, as had been misreported), onto Simon's head in a popular New York restaurant.
Simon has been identified as the inspiration for the character of the acerbic and tormented culture critic Max Jamison in Wilfrid Sheed's novel of the same name, and Simon himself expressed his displeasure whenever Sheed's book was reviewed without mentioning Simon's name.
The character of Hugh Simon (played by Kenneth Mars) in Peter Bogdanovich's film What's Up, Doc? was a parody of John Simon, according to the film's director Peter Bogdanovich. He is also known for his criticism of poor American writing, and edited the 1981 collection Paradigms Lost: Reflections on Literacy and Its Decline. He was one of the guests on the PBS special Do You Speak American? In addition, Bryan Garner referred to Simon as a language maven and credited him with improving the quality of American criticism.
In December 2015, when Simon was 90, during the week of the premiere of Star Wars: The Force Awakens, New York made the unusual move of republishing a review of the original 1977 Star Wars film by Simon, who blasted it:
I sincerely hope that science and scientists differ from science fiction and its practitioners. Heaven help us if they don't: We may be headed for a very boring world indeed. Strip Star Wars of its often striking images and its highfalutin scientific jargon, and you get a story, characters, and dialogue of overwhelming banality, without even a "future" cast to them: Human beings, anthropoids, or robots, you could probably find them all, more or less like that, in downtown Los Angeles today. Certainly the mentality and values of the movie can be duplicated in third-rate non-science of any place or period.
- George Jean Nathan Award (1970)
- George Polk Award for Film Criticism (1968)
- Literary Genius: 25 Classic Writers Who Define English & American Literature (2007) (Illustrated by Barry Moser)
- "Uncensored John Simon". uncensoredsimon.blogspot.com.
- The Paris Review; accessed March 16, 2016.
- Stefanova-Peteva, K. (1993). Who Calls the Shots on the New York Stages?, page 26.
- "Uncensored John Simon". uncensoredsimon.blogspot.com.
- Jones, Kenneth. "Critic John Simon Hangs His Own Shingle on the Web". Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on January 18, 2003. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- Playbill news article Archived 2005-06-30 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved January 28, 2009
- Theatermania news article Archived 2006-06-27 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved January 28, 2009.
- "People Who Played Themselves". www.oddcouple.info.
- Simonson, Robert. "John Simon to Leave Long-Held Post at New York Magazine; McCarter Named New Critic". Playbill. Playbill, Inc. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Hornby, Richard (Autumn 2005). "Beyond a Reasonable Doubt". The Hudson Review. 58 (3): 469–75. JSTOR 30044802.
- John Clark's blogsite; retrieved January 28, 2009.
- Gilman, S. (2000). Making the Body Beautiful, p. 203.
- Reese, Jennifer. "Seeking Ageless Wisdom? Ask the Aged". Book Reviews. National Public Radio. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Ebert, Roger (2011). Life Itself: A Memoir. New York: Grand Central. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-446-58497-5.
- Pinker, S. (1994). The Language Instinct, pp. 398–99
- Letters, time.com, January 16, 1978.
- Simon, John. "Affectionately Yours", New York, November 11, 2002.
- Nellie Toole and Co.
- Napoleon, Davi (Spring 1997). "Interviews: John Simon, The Art of Criticism No. 4". The Paris Review (42). Retrieved September 23, 2013.
The most famous case is Sylvia Miles throwing some steak tartare at me, which made her into a heroine. In fact, Andy Warhol said in one of his so-called books that she's famous for that and not much else. This incident was so welcomed by the Simon-hating press that the anecdote has been much retold. She herself has retold it ten thousand times. And this steak tartare has since metamorphosed into every known dish from lasagna to chop suey. It's been so many things that you could feed the starving orphans of India or China with it.
- "Books: Max Jamison". The Village Voice. August 26, 1971. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Miller, Adrienne (2003). Esquire's Big Book of Great Writing: More Than 70 Years of Celebrated Journalism. New York: Hearst Books. p. 298. ISBN 978-1588162984.
- "Hollywood", Peter Bogdanovich, Esquire, December 1977, p. 96
- Garner, B. (1998). Garner's Modern American Usage (page needed)
- Simon, John (December 17, 2015). "Looking Back at New York's Critical 1977 Review of Star Wars". New York. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
- Garner, Bryan. Garner's Modern American Usage. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
- Gilman, Sandra. Making the Body Beautiful. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
- Pinker, Steven. The Language Instinct. London: Penguin, 1994.
- Stefanova-Peteva, Kalina. Who Calls the Shots on the New York Stages? London: Routledge, 1993. ISBN 978-3-7186-5438-3
- The Art of Criticism No. 4: John Simon The Paris Review interview by Davi Napoleon
- Simonson, Robert. "John Simon to Leave Long-Held Post" Playbill
- Jones, Kenneth. "Critic John Simon Hangs His Own Shingle on the Web" Playbill
- Uncensored John Simon Simon's blog
- John Simon papers, 1892-2011, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- Harvard Crimson profile
- Archive of Simon's New York Magazine theater criticism (1997-2005)
- John Simon - Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing.org
- "Simple Simon" at the Wayback Machine (archived January 18, 2003), Salon.com article by Charles Taylor
- on YouTube
- Davi Napoleon (Spring 1997). "John Simon, The Art of Criticism No. 4". The Paris Review.