Sir John Longley
|Born||7 March 1867|
|Died||13 February 1953(aged 85)|
|Years of service||1887–1920|
|Unit||East Surrey Regiment|
|Commands held||1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment|
10th (Irish) Division
44th (Home Counties) Division
|Battles/wars||Second Boer War|
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George|
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in despatches (10)
Educated at Cheltenham College, Longley was commissioned into the East Surrey Regiment in 1887 and served in South Africa in 1902, towards the end of the Second Boer War. In 1911 he was appointed Commanding Officer of 1st East Surreys and went to France in August 1914 at the start of World War I, fighting in the battles of Mons, Le Cateau, the Marne, the Aisne, La Bassée and Armentières. In early 1915 he was appointed Commander of 82nd Infantry Brigade and in December 1915, with the rank of Major General, he became the General Officer Commanding 10th (Irish) Division. He retained command of this division until 1919, serving in Salonika, before moving to Egypt in September 1917 where the division was part of XX Corps in its advance into Palestine. In 1919 Longley became General Officer Commanding 44th Home Counties Division before retiring in 1923.
From 1920 to 1939 Longley held the colonelcy of the East Surrey Regiment. Recalled at the start of World War II in 1939, he was re-employed as a Brigadier in the Dover Garrison. He died on 13 February 1953. The East Surrey Regimental chapel in All Saints Church, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, has a memorial plaque to Longley and a stained glass window to the memory of both Longley and his son, killed in 1916 at the Battle of Jutland.
Honours and awards
|Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)||1919|
|Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)||1918|
|Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)||1916|
|Queen's South Africa Medal||With four clasps|
|1914 Star||With clasp 5 Aug – 22 November 1914|
|British War Medal|
|Victory Medal||With palm for Mentioned in Dispatches|
|War Medal 1939–1945|
|King George V Coronation Medal||1911|
|King George V Silver Jubilee Medal||1935|
|King George VI Coronation Medal||1937|
|Commander of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)||1917|
|Grand Officer of the Order of the Nile (Egypt)||1919|
- Major General Sir John Raynsford Longley KCMG CB 1920–39 Queen's Royal Surreys website
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
- Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Who Was Who 1951–1960. Bloomsbury Publishing, London. 1984. ISBN 0-7136-2598-8.
- "East Surrey Regiment". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 4 January 2006. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Memorials within the Chapels Queen's Royal Surreys website
- No. 31395". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 June 1919. p. 7422.
- "No. 30717". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 May 1918. p. 6487.
- "No. 30263". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 August 1917. p. 9101.
- "No. 31659". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 November 1919. p. 14635.
| General Officer Commanding the 10th (Irish) Division