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John H. Bankhead
|United States Senator|
June 18, 1907 – March 1, 1920
|Preceded by||John T. Morgan|
|Succeeded by||B. B. Comer|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Alabama's 6th district
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1907
|Preceded by||John Mason Martin|
|Succeeded by||Richmond P. Hobson|
|Member of the Alabama Senate|
|Member of the Alabama House of Representatives|
John Hollis Bankhead
September 13, 1842
Moscow, near the present day town of Sulligent Alabama, U.S.
|Died||March 1, 1920 (aged 77)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Bankhead was born on September 13, 1842, at Moscow, Marion County, Alabama (near present-day Sulligent, Alabama). His great-grandfather, James Bankhead (1738–1799) was born in Ulster and settled in South Carolina.
He was educated in the common schools and served in the Civil War, rising to the rank of captain. He married Tallulah James Brockman. She was of Revolutionary ancestry, her father's great-grandfather, Benjamin Kilgore, having been a captain of a South Carolina company in the War of the Revolution. She was the daughter of James H. Brockman, a native of Greenville District, South Carolina. Her education was received in the fashionable schools of Tuskegee and Montgomery, Alabama. Their two elder sons, John Hollis and William Brockman, were practicing lawyers. The youngest, Henry McAuley, was a student at the University of Alabama. The elder daughter, Louise, was the wife of Ex-Representative W. H. Perry, of Greenville, South Carolina, and the younger, Marie, was the wife of Thomas McAdory Owen, a historian by profession.
Bankhead was a member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 1865 to 1867, and again in 1880 and 1881. In 1876 and 1877 he was a member of the State Senate. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1887, serving until 1907. At age 65, John H. Bankhead was appointed, then elected, to serve out the remainder of the U.S. Senate term left by the death of John Tyler Morgan and later re-elected twice. He served from June 18, 1907, until his death on March 1, 1920. B. B. Comer, former governor of Alabama, was appointed to serve the rest of his term, until November 2, 1920, when J. Thomas Heflin was elected to serve out the term.
Bankhead was a member of the Inland Waterways Commission in 1907, and was instrumental in enacting the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, which became the first federal highway funding legislation. He was also a member of the Commission on Public Buildings and the Commission on Rivers and Harbors. He wrote several books relating to post roads.
United States Senator John H. Bankhead II and Speaker of the House William Brockman Bankhead were his sons, and actress Tallulah Bankhead was his granddaughter. The cross-country Bankhead Highway was named after him, as is Bankhead Lake on the Black Warrior River near Birmingham. Also, the Bankhead Tunnel on US 98 in Mobile, Alabama, is named after him.
- Bankhead House (Jasper, Alabama)
- James Greer Bankhead House
- List of United States Congress members who died in office (1900–49)
- "James Bankhead". Ancestry.com. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). . Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P.F. Collier & Son Company.
- Hinman, Ida (1895). The Washington Sketch Book.
- Donald J. Pisani, Water Planning in the Progressive Era: The Inland Waterways Commission Reconsidered, Journal of Policy History 18.4 (2006) pp.389-418
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Hollis Bankhead.|
- United States Congress. "John H. Bankhead (id: B000110)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- John H. Bankhead at Find a Grave
- John H. Bankhead, late a representative from Alabama, Memorial addresses delivered in the House of Representatives and Senate frontispiece 1917
|U.S. House of Representatives|
John Mason Martin
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 6th congressional district
Richmond P. Hobson
John Tyler Morgan
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Alabama
Served alongside: Edmund Pettus, Joseph F. Johnston, Francis S. White and Oscar Underwood
Braxton B. Comer