- For the Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Navy, see John E. Gordon.
The eldest son of Edward Gordon, Baron Gordon of Drumearn, a senior Scottish judge and Conservative politician, he was educated at Edinburgh Academy and the University of Edinburgh. In 1879 he married Elizabeth Anna Gordon (1851-1925), the daughter of John Snowdon Henry, former member of parliament for South East Lancashire. They had five children.
He was elected at the 1895 general election as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Elginshire and Nairnshire, unseating the Liberal MP John Keay. He was re-elected in 1900, but did not defend the seat at the 1906 general election, By this time he had moved to the resort town of Hove on the south coast of England, and he stood instead in the local two-seat Brighton constituency. In 1907 his wife moved to Japan and she is buried on Mount Koya.
He came fourth, albeit in a close contest, and did not stand again until a by-election in June 1911. He was returned unopposed to fill the vacancy caused when sitting MP Walter Rice was elevated to the peerage on inheriting the title of Baron Dynevor. However, he resigned the seat three years later due to ill health, on 23 June 1914, by accepting the post of Steward of the Manor of Northstead.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
- "Gordon, Hon. John Edward". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. December 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- "The Elizabeth Anna Gordon Collection". The National Library of Israel. 10 August 2020. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
- "Election Intelligence. Brighton". The Times. 27 June 1911. p. 13.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 538. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, op. cit, pages 82–83
- "Brighton, The Unionist Candidate". The Times. 13 June 1911. p. 12.
- "The Brighton Vacancy. No Liberal Candidate". The Times. 16 June 1911. p. 10.
- "By-Election At Brighton. Retirement Of The Hon. J. E. Gordon". The Times. 23 June 1914. p. 8.
- Department of Information Services (9 June 2009). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850" (PDF). House of Commons Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
- "Obituary: The Hon J. E. Gordon". The Times. 20 February 1915. p. 6.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Gordon
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
John Seymour Keay
| Member of Parliament for Elginshire & Nairnshire
1895 – 1906
Sir Archibald Williamson
| Member of Parliament for Brighton
1911 – 1914
With: George Tryon
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