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John Davis Lodge
Lodge in 1935 during his acting days
|United States Ambassador to Switzerland|
May 19, 1983 – April 30, 1985
|Preceded by||Faith Ryan Whittlesey|
|Succeeded by||Faith Ryan Whittlesey|
|United States Ambassador to Argentina|
July 23, 1969 – November 10, 1973
|Preceded by||Carter Lane Burgess|
|Succeeded by||Robert Charles Hill|
|United States Ambassador to Spain|
March 24, 1955 – April 13, 1961
|Preceded by||James Clement Dunn|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle|
|79th Governor of Connecticut|
January 3, 1951 – January 5, 1955
|Lieutenant||Edward N. Allen|
|Preceded by||Chester Bowles|
|Succeeded by||Abraham Ribicoff|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Connecticut's 4th district
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1951
|Preceded by||Clare B. Luce|
|Succeeded by||Albert P. Morano|
|Born||October 20, 1903|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Died||October 29, 1985 (aged 82)|
New York City, U.S.
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
Francesca Braggiotti (m. 1929)
|Children||2, including Lily Lodge|
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
Harvard Law School
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1942-1946 (Active) |
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Legion of Honor;|
Croix de Guerre
John Davis Lodge (October 20, 1903 – October 29, 1985) was an American lawyer, actor, politician, and diplomat. He was the 79th Governor of Connecticut from 1951 to 1955, and later served as U.S. Ambassador to Spain, Argentina, and Switzerland. As an actor, he was often credited simply as John Lodge. He had roles in four Hollywood films between 1933 and 1935, including playing Marlene Dietrich's lover in The Scarlet Empress and Shirley Temple's father in The Little Colonel. He starred or co-starred in many British and European films between 1935 and 1940.
Lodge was a member of four prominent political families in the Northeast U.S.: the Cabot, Lodge, Frelinghuysen and Davis families. He was a direct descendant of at least seven U.S. senators, and had many other politicians in his family, including his brother, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr..
Lodge was born in Washington, D.C. His father was George Cabot Lodge, a poet, who was a scion of the prominent Cabot and Lodge families of Boston. Through his father, Lodge was a grandson of Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, great-great grandson of Senator Elijah H. Mills, and great-great-great-grandson of Senator George Cabot. His mother, Mathilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen Davis, was a scion of the Frelinghuysen and Davis families. Through his mother, he was a great-great grandson of Senator John Davis, a great-grandson of Senator Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, a great-great grandson of Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen, and a great-great-great grandson of Senator Frederick Frelinghuysen. He had two siblings: Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., also a politician, and Helena Lodge de Streel, a baroness.
Lodge attended the Evans School for Boys in Mesa, Arizona, Middlesex School, Concord, Massachusetts, Ecole de Droit, Paris, France, and St. Albans School, Washington, D.C. In 1925, he graduated from Harvard College, where he was a member of the Fox Club. In 1929, he graduated from Harvard Law School. In 1932, he was admitted to the New York bar and commenced practice in New York City.
During the 1930s and after a brief career as a lawyer Lodge worked as an actor on screen and stage, appearing in starring roles in several notable productions, including some major Hollywood pictures.
Lodge was affiliated with the motion picture industry and the theater from 1933 to 1942, appearing in movies such as Little Women and The Little Colonel in which he played Shirley Temple's father. He was Marlene Dietrich's co-star in The Scarlet Empress. Lodge appeared in several European-made films, in France and the United Kingdom, playing Bulldog Drummond in the 1937 film Bulldog Drummond at Bay. A fluent French speaker, he performed his roles in French in Maurice Tourneur's Koenigsmark (1935) and in Max Ophüls's De Mayerling à Sarajevo, in which he played the part of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (1940). In 1941, after returning to the United States, he appeared in several Broadway stage productions, including Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine.
Lodge served in the United States Navy as a lieutenant and lieutenant commander from August 1942 to January 1946, and was a liaison officer between the French and American fleets. He was decorated with the rank of Chevalier in the French Legion of Honor and with the Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 with palm by General Charles de Gaulle. After the war he engaged in research work in economics. He retired from the United States Navy Reserve in 1966 with the rank of Captain.
Lodge was elected as a Republican from Connecticut's 4th congressional district to the 80th and 81st Congresses, serving from January 3, 1947 to January 3, 1951. He did not run for a third term in 1950, choosing instead to run for Governor of Connecticut. He ran against incumbent governor Chester Bowles and defeated him in what was described as a "bitter" election, in which Lodge sought to portray Bowles as an extreme left-winger. Lodge served as governor from January 1951 to January 1955; he was the first governor of Connecticut to serve after the state's rules were changed to have elections every four years instead of every two years.
Lodge ran for re-election in 1954, but lost to Democrat Abraham Ribicoff. Local legend is that the proximate cause of Lodge's defeat was disenchantment on the part of Fairfield County Republicans with the disruption caused by the construction of the Connecticut Turnpike. The highway is now officially named the "Governor John Davis Lodge Turnpike".
After stepping down as governor, Lodge was appointed United States Ambassador to Spain by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, where he served from January 1955 until the end of Eisenhower's term in office in January 1961. Lodge was the national president of the non-profit organization Junior Achievement, Inc. from 1963 to 1964.
Lodge ran for the U.S. Senate in the 1964 election. He won the Republican nomination, but lost to incumbent senator Thomas J. Dodd, 35.34% to 64.66%. He served as chairman of the Committee Foreign Policy Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania, 1964–1969; delegate and assistant floor leader, Connecticut Constitutional Convention, in 1965; United States Ambassador to Argentina, 1969 to 1974; and United States Ambassador to Switzerland, 1983.
He was married July 6, 1929, to actress and ballet dancer, Francesca Braggiotti; both of them appearing in the 1938 film Tonight at Eleven. They had two daughters, Lily and Beatrice. Lily Lodge is the Director of the Actors Conservatory and Beatrice is the wife of Antonio de Oyarzabal, the former Ambassador of Spain to the United States. He was a resident of Westport, Connecticut until his death in New York City. Lodge was interred in Arlington National Cemetery. Two months after his death, the Connecticut Turnpike was renamed the Gov. John Davis Lodge Turnpike in his honor.
- The Woman Accused (1933)
- Little Women (1933) as Brooke
- The Scarlet Empress (1934)
- The Little Colonel (1935)
- Koenigsmark (1935)
- The Tenth Man (1936)
- Ourselves Alone (1936)
- Sensation (1936)
- Bulldog Drummond at Bay (1937)
- Premiere (1938)
- Queer Cargo (1938)
- Bank Holiday (1938)
- Tonight at Eleven (1938)
- Lightning Conductor (1938)
- Just like a Woman (1939)
- Sarajevo (1940)
- Lodge, John Davis (1962). "The Iberian Peninsula and Western Europe". Journal of International Affairs. 16 (N.1): 77–78. JSTOR 24363099.
- "John Lodge".
- "John Lodge - Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos - AllMovie". AllMovie.
- Fowler, Glenn (October 20, 1985). "JOHN DAVIS LODGE IS DEAD AT 82; A POLITICIAN, DIPLOMAT AND ACTOR". The New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- "LODGE, John Davis, (1903–1985)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. Photographs II". The Massachusetts Historical Society. MHS. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- Watch on the Rhine at the Internet Broadway Database
- Krebs, Albin (May 26, 1986). "CHESTER BOWLES IS DEAD AT 85; SERVED IN 4 ADMINISTRATIONS". The New York Times.
- "Providence Journal: I-95 in Fairfield" (uncredited blog entry). WestportNow.com. Westportnow Media, Inc. April 23, 2003. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
- Patterson, Michael Robert. "John Davis Lodge, Captain, United States Navy & Member of Congress". www.arlingtoncemetery.net.
- United States Congress. "John Davis Lodge (id: L000395)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- The Political Graveyard
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Clare B. Luce
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 4th congressional district
Albert P. Morano
| Governor of Connecticut
Abraham A. Ribicoff
James Clement Dunn
| United States Ambassador to Spain
Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle
Carter L. Burgess
| United States Ambassador to Argentina
July 23, 1969 – November 10, 1973
Robert C. Hill
Faith Ryan Whittlesey
| United States Ambassador to Switzerland
Faith Ryan Whittlesey
|Party political offices|
William A. Purtell
| Republican nominee for United States Senator from Connecticut