John Danforth Herman Greenwood (26 June 1889 – 15 April 1975), a composer best known for his work in motion pictures, was the son of New Zealander Alfred Greenwood (1842–1912) and his English-born wife Ottilie Rose Minna (1855–1932) née Schweitzer. He was named after his grandfathers: Herman Schweitzer, a Prussian born Analytical Chemist; and Dr. John Danforth Greenwood (1803–1890) from Sussex, England, a pioneering New Zealand physician and educationist, who had emigrated to New Zealand in 1842 after retiring from medicine due to ill health.
Education and early career
Greenwood was born in London. He learned piano and viola from his parents and at 18 entered the Royal College of Music to study viola and horn, as well as composition with Charles Villiers Stanford. While there he won the Grove scholarship and Arthur Sullivan composition awards. For a short period he taught at Brighton and Hove Grammar School, and then made his living as a pianist, horn and viola player in various orchestras.
Greenwood's early concert works had their first performances from the Queen's Hall Orchestra under Henry Wood in the early 1920s. But he quickly became involved with writing music for the cinema, composing and editing music for silent films from the 1920s onwards. In 1929 he wrote a new score for the part-talkie film To What Red Hell. From the 1930s until the mid-1950s he can be found on the credits of films from Man of Aran (1934) to Grand National Night (1954). While he no doubt gained considerable satisfaction from these compositions – and access to a large audience – there were also frustrations as the film editing process frequently required the removal or addition of a bar quite regardless of the overall theme of the piece. Whether his compositions of incidental music for Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice and A Midsummer Night's Dream (as staged by J.B. Fagan) were intrinsically more satisfying is not known. A Fantasy was extracted from A Midsummer Night's Dream and performed separately.
His concert works include Salute to Gustav Holst which was premiered at the Sir Henry Wood Promenade Concerts in 1936, conducted by the composer. His setting of Psalm 150 for chorus and orchestra was broadcast in May 1936, conducted by Adrian Boult. On 24 January 1938 Constant Lambert conducted the BBC Orchestra in the first performance and broadcast of Greenwood's Symphonic Movement. The Piano Quintet, composed around 1940, was performed by the Aeolian String Quartet and Kyla Greenbaum on 15 October 1953 at Queen Mary Hall, Great Russell Street, as part of a chamber concert that also included the String Quartet No 2 (1928) and the Flute Sonata (1943). On 14 September 1956 his Viola Concerto received its world premiere at the Proms, with Watson Forbes as the soloist, conducted by John Hollingsworth. The composer's archives, held at McMaster University, contain documentation (including some manuscripts) of two symphonies, three piano sonatas and two orchestral ballet suites (The Silver Harlequin. 1917 and Piccadilly, 1953).
During the War Greenwood worked on the staff of the BBC European Service as Assistant Music Supervisor. He died at Ditchling, Sussex, aged 75.
- Grand National Night; (1954) a.k.a. Wicked Wife (USA)
- The Gentle Gunman; (1952)
- Another Man's Poison; (1952)
- Family Portrait; (1950) a.k.a. A Film on the Theme of the Festival of Britain 1951 (UK: subtitle)
- Trio; (1950)
- The Lost People; (1949)
- The Last Days of Dolwyn; (1949) a.k.a. Dolwyn; a.k.a. Women of Dolwyn (USA)
- Quartet; (1949)
- Eureka Stockade; (1949) a.k.a. Massacre Hill
- Broken Journey; (1948)
- School for Danger; (1947)
- Frieda; (1947)
- Hungry Hill; (1947)
- They Knew Mr. Knight; (1946)
- Painted Boats; (1945) a.k.a. The Girl of the Canal (USA)
- San Demetrio London; (1943)
- The Lamp Still Burns; (1943)
- The Gentle Sex; (1943)
- Nine Men; (1943)
- 'Pimpernel' Smith; (1941) a.k.a. Mister V (USA: reissue title); a.k.a. The Fighting Pimpernel
- Contraband; (1940) a.k.a. Blackout (USA)
- 21 Days; (1940)
- Prison Without Bars; (1938)
- The Drum; (1938) a.k.a. Drums (USA)
- Elephant Boy; (1937)
- Secret Agent; (1936) (uncredited)
- The Invader; (1935) a.k.a. An Old Spanish Custom
- Man of Aran; (1934)
- The Constant Nymph; (1933)
- Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Greenwood, Sarah". Teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- Musiker, R and Musiker, N. Conductors and Composers of Popular Orchestral Music (1998)
- ''Radio Times Issue 726, 29 August 1937, p 62
- Radio Times Issue 647, 23 February 1936, p 56
- Radio Times Issue 660, 24 May 1936, p 58
- Radio Times Issue 747, 23 January 1938, p 28
- The Times, 16 October 1953, p 2
- BBC Proms archive
- Goupinets, Nick. "John Danforth Herman Greenwood, McMaster Libraries". Library.mcmaster.ca. Retrieved 26 August 2017.