|Born||October 31, 1950|
Newmarket, Ontario, Canada
|Died||March 4, 1994 (aged 43)|
|Burial place||Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California|
Rosemary Margaret Hobor
|Children||2, including Jennifer Candy|
|Awards||Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series, Earle Grey Award|
John Franklin Candy (October 31, 1950 – March 4, 1994) was a Canadian actor and comedian known mainly for his work in Hollywood films. Candy rose to fame as a member of the Toronto branch of the Second City and its Second City Television (SCTV) series, and through his appearances in comedy films, including Stripes, National Lampoon's Vacation, Splash, Cool Runnings, Summer Rental, The Great Outdoors, Spaceballs, and Uncle Buck, as well as more dramatic roles in Only the Lonely and JFK. One of his most renowned onscreen performances was as Del Griffith, the talkative shower-curtain ring salesman in the John Hughes comedy Planes, Trains and Automobiles. In addition to his work as an actor, Candy was a co-owner of the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League from 1991 until his death, and the team won the 1991 Grey Cup under his ownership. Candy died of a heart attack in 1994 at the age of 43. His final two films, Wagons East and Canadian Bacon, are dedicated to his memory.
Candy was born on October 31, 1950, in Newmarket, Ontario. The son of Sidney James Candy and Evangeline (née Aker) Candy, he was brought up in a working-class Roman Catholic family. Candy's mother was of Polish descent.:19 His father died of complications of heart disease at age 35 in 1955 when John was five years old.
Candy studied at Neil McNeil Catholic High School in Toronto. He wanted to become a football player long before acting was a consideration, but a knee injury prevented him from playing. He later enrolled in Centennial College to study journalism, and then went to McMaster University. It was in college that he first tried theater, and soon developed skill and love for the art.
In 1975, he played Richie, an accused killer, in episode "Web of Guilt" on the Canadian TV show Police Surgeon. He was in It Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time (1975), shot in Canada, as well as the children's sitcom Coming Up Rosie (1975–78) with Dan Aykroyd.
Candy had a small role in Tunnel Vision (1976).
In 1976, Candy played a supporting role (with Rick Moranis) on Peter Gzowski's short-lived, late-night television talk show, 90 Minutes Live. In 1978, Candy had a small role as a bank employee (with Christopher Plummer and Elliott Gould) in the Canadian thriller The Silent Partner.
As a member of Toronto's branch of The Second City, he gained wide North American popularity, which grew when he became a cast member on the influential Toronto-based comedy-variety show Second City Television (SCTV). NBC picked the show up in 1981 and it quickly became a fan favorite. It won Emmy Awards for the show's writing in 1981 and 1982.
Among Candy's SCTV characters were unscrupulous street-beat TV personality Johnny LaRue, 3-D horror auteur Doctor Tongue, sycophantic and easily amused talk-show sidekick William B. Williams, and Melonville's corrupt Mayor Tommy Shanks.
During the series' run he appeared in films like The Clown Murders (1976) and had a lead in a low-budget comedy, Find the Lady (1976). He guest starred on shows like The David Steinberg Show and King of Kensington and had a small role in the thriller The Silent Partner (1978).
Early Hollywood roles
In 1979, Candy took a short hiatus from SCTV and began a more active film career, appearing in a minor role in Lost and Found (1979) and playing a U.S. Army soldier in Steven Spielberg's big-budget comedy 1941.
He returned to Canada for roles in The Courage of Kavik, the Wolf Dog (1980) and the action thriller Double Negative (1980). He had a supporting role as easygoing parole officer Burton Mercer in The Blues Brothers (1980), starring Aykroyd, and did an episode of Tales of the Klondike (1981) for Canadian TV.
Candy played the lovable, mild-mannered Army recruit Dewey Oxberger in Stripes (1981), directed by Canadian Ivan Reitman, which was one of the most successful films of the year. He provided voices for multiple characters in the animated film Heavy Metal (1981).
From 1981 to 1983, Candy appeared in SCTV Network on television. He made a cameo appearance in Harold Ramis's National Lampoon's Vacation (1983), his first collaboration with John Hughes, who wrote the script.
Candy appeared on Saturday Night Live twice (hosting in 1983) while still appearing on SCTV. According to writer-comedian Bob Odenkirk, Candy was reputedly the "most-burned potential host" of SNL, in that he was asked to host many times, only for plans to be changed by the SNL staff at the last minute.
Candy headlined in the Canadian film Going Berserk (1983). He was approached to play the character of accountant Louis Tully in Ghostbusters (completed and released in 1984), starring Aykroyd and directed by Reitman, but ultimately did not get the role because of his conflicting ideas of how to play the character; the part went instead to SCTV colleague Rick Moranis, whose ideas were better received. However, Candy did make a contribution to the franchise, as one of the many people chanting "Ghostbusters" in the video for Ray Parker Jr.'s hit single for the movie.
Candy went back to Canada to star in The Last Polka (1985) which he also wrote with co-star Eugene Levy. He was Richard Pryor's best friend on Brewster's Millions (1985) and had a cameo in the Sesame Street film Follow That Bird (1985).
Candy's first lead role in a Hollywood film came with Summer Rental (1985), directed by Carl Reiner. He was reunited with Hanks in Volunteers (1985), though the film did not do as well as Splash. He had a cameo in The Canadian Conspiracy (1985) and appeared alongside Martin Short in Dave Thomas: The Incredible Time Travels of Henry Osgood (1985) in Canada.
Candy's second starring role in a Hollywood film was Armed and Dangerous (1986) with Levy and Meg Ryan. He had a cameo in Little Shop of Horrors (1986) and appeared in Really Weird Tales (1987). He also had a supporting role in Mel Brooks' Spaceballs (1987).
Collaboration with John Hughes and beyond
Candy had a hit film when he starred in Planes, Trains & Automobiles (1987) with Steve Martin, written and directed by John Hughes. He appeared in a cameo role in Hughes' She's Having a Baby (1988), then starred in a film written by Hughes, The Great Outdoors (1988), co starring Aykroyd.
Candy provided the voice for Don the horse in Hot to Trot (1988) and starred in a flop comedy, Who's Harry Crumb? (1989), which he also produced. He was one of several names in Cannonball Fever (1989) and had another hit film with Hughes in Uncle Buck (1989).
Candy also produced and starred in a Saturday-morning animated series on NBC titled Camp Candy in 1989. The show was set in a fictional summer camp run by Candy, featured his two children in supporting roles, and also spawned a brief comic book series published by Marvel Comics' Star Comics imprint.
In 1991, Bruce McNall, Wayne Gretzky, and Candy became owners of the Canadian Football League's Toronto Argonauts. The celebrity ownership group attracted attention in Canada and the team spent a significant amount of money, even signing some highly touted National Football League prospects such as wide receiver Raghib Ismail. The Argonauts took home the 1991 Grey Cup, beating Calgary, 36–21, in the final. Only McNall's name was etched onto the Grey Cup trophy as an owner of the team, but the CFL corrected the error in 2007 and added Candy's and Gretzky's names as well.
Candy starred in his first comedic hit in a number of years with Cool Runnings (1993).
Candy was in talks to portray Ignatius J. Reilly in a now-shelved film adaptation of John Kennedy Toole's Pulitzer Prize–winning novel A Confederacy of Dunces. He had also expressed interest in portraying Atuk in a film adaptation of Mordecai Richler's The Incomparable Atuk and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle in a biopic based on the silent film comedian's life. These three shelved projects have been alleged as cursed because Candy, John Belushi, Sam Kinison and Chris Farley were each attached to all three roles, and they all died before they could make any of these films.
Candy was originally considered to play Alec Guinness's role in the remake of the 1950 film, Last Holiday, with Carl Reiner directing. Eventually the role was played by Queen Latifah in a loose remake released in 2006.
Candy and his wife, Rosemary Hobor, had two children, Christopher Michael and Jennifer Anne.
On March 4, 1994, Candy was found dead from a presumed heart attack. The exact cause is uncertain, as no autopsy was performed. He was 43 years old. In addition to his obesity — Candy tended to suffer attacks of binge eating in response to professional struggles and weighed in excess of 300 pounds (140 kg) at some points in his life — Candy had a number of risk factors for heart attack, including a strong family history (both his father and his brother had died prematurely of heart attacks, although his children say he was unaware of his genetic risk), smoking a pack a day of cigarettes, heavy alcohol use, and occasional use of cocaine. Candy was concerned about his weight. He once lost 100 pounds over a summer while preparing for a new movie role with Martin Short. He frequently dieted and exercised with trainers in light of his family history. He was also under a significant degree of stress throughout the making of Wagons East. In 2019, documentary-style television series Autopsy: The Last Hours of... covered a storyline on Candy's death.
Candy's funeral was held at St. Martin of Tours Catholic Church in Los Angeles. Candy was entombed in the mausoleum at Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City. His crypt lies just above that of fellow actor Fred MacMurray. On March 18, 1994, a special memorial service for Candy, produced by his former improvisation troupe, the Second City, was broadcast across Canada.
Wagons East was completed using a stunt double and special effects and released five months after Candy's death. His final completed film was Canadian Bacon, a satirical comedy by Michael Moore that was released a year after Candy's death. Candy played American sheriff Bud Boomer, who led an "invasion" of Canada. Candy recorded a voice for the TV film The Magic 7 in the early 1990s. The film remained in production for years due to animation difficulties and production delays, and it was eventually shelved.
Candy was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in 1998. In May 2006, Candy became one of the first four entertainers ever honored by Canada Post by being featured on a postage stamp. On October 30, 2020, Toronto Mayor John Tory proclaimed "John Candy Day" in honor of what would have been John Candy's 70th birthday.
Blues Brothers 2000 is dedicated to three people, including Candy, who played a supporting role in the original Blues Brothers. A tribute to Candy was hosted by Dan Aykroyd at the 2007 Grey Cup festivities in Toronto in November 2007.
Experimental rock band Ween's album Chocolate and Cheese, released in 1994, is "dedicated in loving memory to John Candy (1950–1994)". At the time, lead singer Gene Ween remarked, "there was so much going on about [the suicide of] Kurt Cobain, and nobody mentioned John Candy at all. I have a special little spot in my heart for him."
The John Candy Visual Arts Studio at Neil McNeil Catholic High School, in Toronto, was dedicated in his honour after his death. Candy, one of the school's most famous alumni, said during one of his annual visits to the school, "My success is simply rooted in the values and discipline and respect for others that I was taught at Neil McNeil." It has been suggested, among others, that the Canadian Screen Awards be given the official nickname "The Candys," both in honour of the actor and because the name suggests Canada.
|1973||Class of '44||Paule||Uncredited|
|1975||It Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time||Kopek|
|The Clown Murders||Ollie|
|Find the Lady||Kopek|
|1978||The Silent Partner||Simonsen|
|1979||Lost and Found||Carpentier|
|1980||Top Kid||Molly Conway||Puppeter & voice|
|The Blues Brothers||Parole Officer Burton Mercer|
|1981||Stripes||Dewey "Ox" Oxberger|
|Heavy Metal||Den / Dan / Desk Sergeant / Robot||Voices|
|1982||It Came from Hollywood||Himself|
|1983||National Lampoon's Vacation||Russ Lasky|
|Going Berserk||John Bourgignon|
|1985||Brewster's Millions||Spike Nolan|
|Sesame Street Presents: Follow That Bird||The Policeman|
|Summer Rental||Jack Chester|
|1986||Armed and Dangerous||Frank Dooley|
|Little Shop of Horrors||Wink Wilkinson|
|Planes, Trains and Automobiles||Del Griffith|
|1988||She's Having a Baby||Chet (from The Great Outdoors)||Uncredited|
|The Great Outdoors||Chester "Chet" Ripley|
|Hot to Trot||Don||Voice|
|1989||Who's Harry Crumb?||Harry Crumb||Also Executive Producer|
|Speed Zone||Charlie Cronan|
|Uncle Buck||Buck Russell|
|1990||Masters of Menace||Beer Truck Driver|
|Home Alone||Gus Polinski – Polka King of the Midwest|
|The Rescuers Down Under||Wilbur||Voice|
|1991||Nothing But Trouble||Deputy Dennis / Eldona|
|Career Opportunities||C. D. Marsh||Uncredited|
|Only the Lonely||Danny Muldoon|
|JFK||Dean Andrews Jr.|
|1992||Once Upon a Crime||Augie Morosco|
|1993||Rookie of the Year||Cliff Murdoch (announcer)||Uncredited|
|Cool Runnings||Irving "Irv" Blitzer|
|1994||Wagons East||James Harlow||Released posthumously|
|1995||Canadian Bacon||Sheriff Bud Boomer||Filmed in 1993; released posthumously, (final film role)|
|Dr. Simon Locke||Richie Beck / Ramon||2 Episodes|
|1974||The ABC Afternoon Playbreak||2nd son||Episode: "Last Bride of Salem"|
|Dr. Zonk and the Zunkins||Unknown episodes|
|1976||The David Steinberg Show||Spider Reichman / Spider||6 Episodes|
|90 Minutes Live||(various)||TV series|
|1976–1977||Coming Up Rosie||Wally Wypyzypychwk||TV series (With Rosemary Radcliffe, Dan Aykroyd and Catherine O'Hara)|
|1976–1979||Second City TV||Johnny LaRue / Various||50 episodes|
|1977||King of Kensington||Bandit||Episode: "The Hero"|
|1980||The Courage of Kavik, the Wolf Dog||Pinky||TV film|
|Big City Comedy||Himself (host) / various||TV series (sketch comedy)|
|1981||Tales of the Klondike||Hans Nelson||Miniseries|
|Saturday Night Live||Juan Gavino||Episode: "George Kennedy/Miles Davis" |
|1981–1983||SCTV Network 90||Johnny LaRue / Zontar / Various||38 episodes|
|1983||Saturday Night Live||Host||Episode: "John Candy/Men at Work"|
|SCTV Channel||Various||Episode: "Maudlin O' the Night"|
|1984||The New Show||Luciano Pavarotti / Orson Welles / Various||5 episodes|
|1985||Martin Short: Concert for the North Americas||Marcel||TV film|
|The Canadian Conspiracy||(various)||TV film|
|The Last Polka||Yosh Shmenge/Pa Shmenge||TV film|
|1987||Really Weird Tales||Howard Jensen ('Cursed with Charisma')||TV film|
|1988||Sesame Street, Special||Yosh Shmenge||TV film|
|1989||The Rocket Boy||The Hawk||TV film|
|Camp Candy||Himself||40 episodes, voice|
|1990||The Dave Thomas Comedy Show||One episode|
|1992||Shelley Duvall's Bedtime Stories||Narrator||Episode: "Blumpoe the Grumpoe Meets Arnold the Cat/Millions of Cats"|
|Boris and Natasha: The Movie||Kalishak||TV film|
|1994||Hostage for a Day||Yuri Petrovich||TV film|
|1984||Ray Parker Jr.: Ghostbusters||John Candy||Cameo - Uncredited|
|1991||The Traveling Wilburys: Wilbury Twist||John Candy||Cameo - Uncredited|
- Rist, Peter (2001). Guide to the Cinema(s) of Canada. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-313-29931-5.
- Schneider, Karen S. (March 21, 1994). "Exit Laughing". People. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Knelman, Martin (August 19, 2014). Laughing on the Outside: The Life of John Candy. St. Martin's. ISBN 978-1466878433.
- Episode Guide – Police Surgeon (Series) (1971–1975)
January 23, 1975 – "Web of Guilt" Dr Locke intervenes when a woman judge (Nancy Olson) endangers herself by becoming too protective of her brother who is accused of murder. Richie: John Candy. Bonnie: Helen Shaver. Scharfman: Don McGill.
- Second City Toronto Alumni at Second City (accessed April 7, 2010).
- "John Candy". Biography. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Shales, Tom; James Andrew Miller (September 9, 2014). Live From New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live. Little Brown & Co. p. 345. ISBN 978-0316295079.
- "John Candy: Biography". IMDb. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Harmetz, Aljean (August 9, 1985). "A ghostly film that's no 'kiddie movie'". The New York Times. p. C16.
- "Camp Candy". Grand Comics Database. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Schwarz, Chris (November 24, 2011). "TSN special remembers John Candy's impact on the Argos". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Reuters. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Brunt, Stephen (November 21, 2007). "Candy never stopped caring". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
- "Gretzky, Candy to get names etched on Grey Cup". CBC News. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
- Fretts, Bruce (May 19, 2000). "A Confederacy of Dunces celebrates its 20th anniversary". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Hyman, Peter (December 14, 2006). "A Conspiracy of Dunces: Will John Kennedy Toole's comic masterpiece ever reach the big screen?". Slate. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Evans, Bradford (March 28, 2013). "10 Actors Who Came Close to Starring in 'A Confederacy of Dunces'". Splitsider. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Raouf, Neda (February 21, 1999). "The 'Atuk' Curse". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
- Bovsun, Mara (September 1, 2012). "Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle, acquitted for murder of Virginia Rappe in 1922, never recovered from all the bad press". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- Evans, Bradford (June 2, 2011). "The Lost Roles of John Candy". Splitsider. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Evans, Bradford (March 3, 2011). "The Lost Roles of John Belushi". Splitsider. Archived from the original on May 17, 2018. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- Siskel, Gene (March 30, 1986). "Sour Movies Keep Candy Just Short Of Sweet Success". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- "SHORT TAKES : Stallone in Line for Comedy Role". Los Angeles Times. July 30, 1990. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
- Carter, Bill (August 4, 1991). "Him Alone". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
- Evans, Bradford (June 2, 2011). "The Lost Roles of John Candy". Vulture. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
- Parker, Ryan (October 24, 2016). "John Candy Remembered: His Children Share New Stories About Their Late Father On the Eve of His Birthday". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "No drugs were involved in Candy's death". New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur. Reuters. March 6, 1994.
- Collins, Glenn (March 5, 1994). "John Candy, Comedic Film Star, Is Dead of a heart attack at 44". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Sanchez, Rosa (February 26, 2019). "Deadly Addiction: John Candy Smoked 'A Pack A Day' Before Heart Attack Death At 43". Star. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "Autopsy: The Last Hours of John Candy." Autopsy: The Last Hours of.... Nar. Eric Meyers. Executive Producers Suzy Davis and Michael Kelpie. Reelz, March 3, 2019. Television.
- Knelman, Martin (March 10, 2004). "Laughing on the Outside: The Life of John Candy". Quill and Quire.
- "CH Hamilton" (Press release). CanWest. Archived from the original on January 29, 2006. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
- "John Candy Profile". Canada's Walk of Fame. Archived from the original on December 14, 2008. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "Canadians in Hollywood: John Candy". Postage Stamp Guide. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Dean, Chuck (April 6, 1995). "Q&A: Ween". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Howell, Peter (March 15, 2016). "Chair of Canadian film/TV academy is sweet on calling awards 'the Candys'". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- "John Candy". Television Academy. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
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