Bostock was a son of Dr. John Bostock, Sr. He spent some time at New College at Hackney where he attended Joseph Priestley's lectures on chemistry and natural philosophy, before graduating in Medicine at the University of Edinburgh and practising medicine in Liverpool. He moved to London in 1817 where he concentrated on general science. In 1819, Bostock was first to accurately describe hay fever as a disease that affected the upper respiratory tract.
Bostock was one of the first chemical pathologists. He was the first to realise the relationship between the diminution of urea in urine as it rose in the blood, while the albumin in the blood fell as that in the urine increased. His most noted book, System of Physiology, appeared in 1824. His only geological work was On the Purification of Thames Water which appeared in 1826.
- John Bostock (1773–1846). bostock.net
- Moore, Norman "Bostock, John (1773–1846)". in Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900, Volume 5
- John Bostock to Benjamin Rush, 4 June 1805; Library Company of Philadelphia, Rush MS 25/71.
- "John Bostock". Feature of the Month – History of the RSM. Royal Society of Medicine. July 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- Canning, S. (29 September 2007). "John Bostock". Find a Grave. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- "The History of Allergy". Auckland Allergy Clinic. December 2001. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- Cameron, Stewart (28 October 2008). "John Bostock MD FRS (1773–1846): Physician and Chemist in the Shadow of a Genius". American Journal of Nephrology. S. Karger AG, Basel. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
- "Bostock, Elizabeth Anne [Eliza] (1817–1898), promoter of women's education". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/52743. Retrieved 7 April 2020.