John B. Castleman Monument
|MPS||Monumentos de la Guerra Civil en Kentucky MPS|
|NRHP reference No.||97000690|
|Added to NRHP||17 DE Julio de 1997|
El Monumento a John B. Castleman, dentro del Triángulo Cherokee en Louisville, Kentucky, fue presentado al publico el 8 de noviembre de 1913. El monumento fue seleccionado a partir de un concurso al cual contribuyeron numerosos escultores, siendo el diseño de R. Hinton Perry original de Nueva York, el ganador. La estatua fue erigida en honor a John Breckinridge Castleman con un costo estimado de $ 15,000 por suscripción popular de la ciudad, del estado y otras comunidades autónomas. La estatua está hecha de bronce, y descansa sobre un pedestal de granito. Mide 15 pies de alto, con una base de 12 × 20 pies. El monumento se colocó en el Registro Nacional de Lugares Históricos el 17 de julio de 1997, como parte de los Monumentos de la Guerra Civil en Kentucky MPS. En reiteradas ocasiones se había intentado retirar la estatua, ya que Castleman fue un comandante del ejército Confederado Y por tales motivo en el 2019 se llegó a ese consenso. El 8 de junio del 2020 el monumento fue removido para su restauración ya que habia sido victima de actos vandalicos y esta pendiente a reubicación en el lugar de enterramiento de Castleman.
The Kentucky historical marker near the base of the statue reads, on one side, "John B. Castleman – Soldier. Castleman, one of Morgan's men, led attempt in 1864 to free CSA prisoners at Camp Morton. He was imprisoned until the end of the war, exiled, then pardoned by President Johnson. A native of Fayette Co., he came here in 1867. Colonel, Louisville Legion, 1st Regt., Ky. State Guard, reorganized in 1878. Served with 1st Regt. as Brigadier General in Puerto Rico, 1898–99." The other side reads, "John B. Castleman-Citizen – After the Civil War, Castleman studied law and graduated from University of Louisville in 1868. Known as Father of Louisville Park System, he was responsible for Cherokee, Shawnee, Iroquois, and Central parks. Castleman also organized and was president of American Saddle Horse Assn., 1892. Appointed Adjutant General by both governors Knott and Beckham."
He founded the American Saddlebred Horse Association and served as its president for almost 25 years. The horse which Castleman rides on the statue was based on his beloved mare, Carolina. His most familiar appearance in Louisville, either at the head of the Louisville Legion or pursuant of his labors as president of the Board of Park Commissioners, was on the back of a five-gaited horse. This monument and the John Hunt Morgan Memorial in Lexington, Kentucky are the only Civil War monuments in Kentucky with equestrians.
Due to his work in developing Louisville's park system, including serving as president of the Louisville Board of Park Commissioners, Castleman became known as the father of the Louisville Park System. He helped create multiple parks, donated land for Cherokee Park, and sold half of his estate to develop Tyler Park. It was not until six years after Castleman's death that the parks became segregated, and nineteen black leaders in Louisville, including William Warley, leader of the Louisville NAACP, signed a letter to the Courier-Journal in 1924 that Castleman “steadfastly refused to allow any kind of racial segregation in the parks of the city” while he was on the park board.
On the night of August 12–13, 2017, the statue and the historical marker near it were defaced with orange paint. The statue was defaced again in February 2018 and a third time in April 2018. At the request of Mayor Greg Fischer, Louisville's Commission on Public Art created the Public Arts and Monuments Advisory Committee which held forums to develop recommendations for handling public artworks that "honored bigotry, racism and/or slavery." The committee made public a draft of their report in June 2018, stating that "A bronze figure towering above a city street gives the impression that the city celebrates the entire life of the figure depicted..." and "Removal is the best option when it is no longer possible to reconcile the monument’s message with the values of the city." The final report was delivered on June 30, 2018, with Mayor Fischer announcing on August 8 that "...the city will be moving the Castleman & [ George D. Prentice ] statues. My decision is based on the findings of our Public Art & Monuments Advisory Committee — Louisville must not maintain statues that serve as validating symbols for racist or bigoted ideology."
In order to remove the statue, the mayor's office is required to first obtain a certificate of appropriateness from the Cherokee Triangle Architectural Review Committee. This is because the statue is located in the Cherokee Triangle Preservation District. However, while convening on the issue on January 23, 2019, the committee arrived at a split vote. On May 9, 2019, the Metro Louisville Landmark Commission ruled that the monument may be removed.
As of June 2019, the movement of the statue has been delayed following suit by several residents, historians, a civil rights activist and the non for profit Friends of Louisville Public Art. Filed by Lawyer Stephen Porter who represents the group in district court, the appeal makes note of various conflicts of interest in the mayor's review board panel as well as procedural errors that allowed for "the erroneous decision of the Landmarks Commission to allow the removal of the statue of Castleman, once a U.S. Army General, and his American Saddlebred horse Carolina" 
- Confederate Monument in Louisville
- Louisville in the American Civil War
- List of monuments and memorials removed during the George Floyd protests
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
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- Kentucky Historical Society, Historical Marker Database; search for marker number 1629.
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- Novelly, Thomas. "Confederate statue vandalized again – and also one outside the downtown Louisville library". Courier Journal. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- Novelly, Thomas. "Confederate statue in Cherokee Triangle vandalized again, this time with the word 'racist'". Courier Journal. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- Stevens, Ashlie (2018-03-28). "'Dear Castleman': Monuments Committee Launches Letter-Writing Campaign". WFPL. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- Bailey, Phillip. "Castleman statue isn't a traditional Confederate monument, Fischer says". Courier Journal. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
- Bailey, Phillip. "Fischer: Louisville will move statues that symbolize racism, bigotry". Courier Journal. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
- Hornung, Lisa (2019-01-24). "After tie vote, Castleman statue to stay in Cherokee Triangle". Insider Louisville. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
- "Louisville can move Castleman statue from Cherokee Triangle, commission rules". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
- "Residents, historians sue to keep Castleman statue in Cherokee Triangle". Wave 3. June 10, 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.