Ashley in 1962
December 25, 1934
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
|Died||October 3, 1997 (aged 62)|
New York City, U.S.
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)|
|Education||Will Rogers High School|
|Alma mater||Oklahoma State University|
(m. 1964; div. 1966)
Nancy Moore (m. 1966–??)
Jan Ashley (m. 19??)
John Ashley (December 25, 1934 – October 3, 1997) was an American actor, producer and singer. He was best known for his work as an actor in films for American International Pictures, producing and acting in horror movies shot in the Philippines, and for producing various television series, including The A-Team.
He never knew his parents, who were not married and gave him up for adoption. He was adopted by a doctor, Roger Atchley (1890–1978) and his wife Lucille (1898–1969), and reared in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he had a younger sister, Kathryn (1939–1973).
He attended Will Rogers High School in Tulsa, where he was a champion wrestler, then went to Oklahoma State University in Stillwater on a wrestling scholarship, where he earned a bachelor's degree in economics.
While still in college, Ashley was holidaying in California. He visited an alumnus of his college fraternity, Sigma Chi, who was a press agent who represented Dick Powell and John Wayne. The agent took him to the set of The Conqueror (1956), where he met Wayne, who had also belonged to Sigma Chi. Wayne was impressed with the young man's good looks and set him up with an interview with William Castle.
Castle was then making the TV anthology series Men of Annapolis, and was looking for someone to play a role that involved wrestling. Ashley's wrestling experience helped him get the job, and he did two episodes of the series, which helped him get an agent.
American International Pictures
Ashley broke into films when he accompanied a girlfriend to an audition at American International Pictures for a part in Dragstrip Girl (1957), directed by Edward L. Cahn. "We had a date at 6 p.m. but first she had to read for a part in a movie", he later recalled. "I was sitting in American International Picture's waiting room and a guy walked out and said, `Have we read everyone? What about this young man here?' It was the old Hollywood story -- I got a part in the film and she didn't." He ended up getting the part as the villain; his audition included an Elvis Presley impersonation. AIP signed Ashley to a four-picture non-exclusive contract expected to run for two years.
Dragstrip Girl was a success relative to its small budget. Ashley became a particular favorite of the daughters of James H. Nicholson, one of the main figures at AIP, and Nicholson always hoped Ashley would become a big star. Ashley unsuccessfully auditioned for the lead in I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) but appeared in several of AIP's other movies.
Ashley's second role for AIP, Motorcycle Gang (1957), was almost identical to Dragstrip Girl (it was again directed by Cahn). By this stage, Ashley had been drafted, and production was held up until he completed his basic training and could go on leave.
In addition to acting, Ashley was also a singer. His manager, Jerry Capeheart, also managed Eddie Cochran and in July 1957 his first single was released on Intro Records – the standard "Bermuda" and the song "Let Yourself Go Go Go"; Ashley performed the latter in Zero Hour!. The release of the single was timed to coincide with the release of Dragstrip Girl.
Ashley went on to make a number of records, including the singles "Seriously in Love" (1958), "Let the Good Times Roll" (1958), "Born to Rock" (1958), "The Hangman" (1959) and "Little Lou" (1961).
Ashley would perform the occasional concert; one of his musicians for a time was Glen Campbell. Ashley later said Randy Wood, head of Dot Records, "was terrific... but the kind of music he wanted me to sing was the kind of material I really didn't feel I sang that well. He was a very clean cut image guy. He didn't necessarily want a hard rocker."
Ashley was given a cameo as a singer in AIP's How to Make a Monster (1958) at the request of Nicholson. Ashley later said "that was casting more or less against type at that point because I had been playing delinquents and heavies."
AIP wanted Ashley to make a film called Hot Rod Gang (1958) aka Fury Unleashed, written by Rusoff and directed by Lew Landers. Gene Vincent played himself and sang several songs, as did Ashley. It was Ashley's first sympathetic lead role.
He was offered a part on the TV series Matinee Theatre, in an episode called "The Alleyway" with Janis Paige, and asked for the movie to be postponed so he could take it. However, Samuel Arkoff of AIP refused, and got an injunction preventing Ashley from appearing on TV. "I never really forgave him for that", said Ashley. "I was very upset about it. I felt they could shift the schedule one day to allow me to do it. As it turned out, and I'm sure they had their reasons, they couldn't do it." This led to Ashley's refusing to re-sign his contract with AIP.
After his AIP contract wound up, Ashley worked steadily on TV. He was cast in the episode "Elkton Lake Feud" of the syndicated western television series Frontier Doctor, starring Rex Allen and directed by William Witney. He also appeared in the Henry Fonda show The Deputy ("The Wild Wind"), The Millionaire ("Susan Johnson", playing an aspiring singer) and Wagon Train ("The Amos Gibben Story"). Ashley thought he was often cast in Westerns because "I was from Oklahoma, and could ride, and had a bit of an accent when I first came out here. I always seemed the young Billy the Kid gunslinger."
Ashley returned to features with the lead in High School Caesar (1960), playing a tyrant at high school; it was made for an even smaller budget than his AIP films and was distributed by Roger Corman's Filmgroup. He went back to TV, guesting on Death Valley Days ("The Holdup-Proof Sale").
Ashley later said that at this stage of his career, he had no interest in the production side of things. "I was just having fun doing it", he said.
From 1961 to 1962, Ashley was cast in a co-starring role with Brian Kelly on the ABC adventure series Straightaway, set in an automobile mechanic shop and often focusing on the sport of drag racing. Ashley would occasionally sing. It ran for 26 episodes.
While a cast member of Straightaway, Ashley appeared in the 1961 episode, "The Holdup-Proof Safe" of then syndicated western anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Stanley Andrews. He played the role of Sandy, a young rodeo performer who wants to become a deputy sheriff so that he can marry his sweetheart, Katie Downs (Susan Crane). However, he is arrested for the theft of funds from the "holdup-proof" safe in the building of merchant Gus Lammerson (Regis Toomey). With Katie's aid, Sandy escapes jail to find the real thieves.
Ashley also appeared in another episode of Wagon Train ("The Abel Weatherly Story"), as well as Rawhide ("Incident in the Garden of Eden"), The Beverly Hillbillies ("Elly Becomes a Secretary") and Petticoat Junction ("Spur Line to Shady Rest"). and guest starred on . Ashley had a part in Hud (1963), perhaps his most acclaimed film, although several of his scenes wound up being cut in the final edit.
Beach party movies
Ashley was one of the few AIP lead actors who made the transition from juvenile delinquent movies to beach party films when he was called back to the studio to play Ken, Frankie Avalon's best friend in Beach Party (1963). "The wounds had healed", said Ashley later. The movie was a success and AIP signed Ashley to do two more movies.
Ashley returned for the sequels Muscle Beach Party (1964) and Bikini Beach (1964), playing "Johnny" (essentially the same role as in Beach Party). He guest starred on Dr Kildare in "Night of the Beast" (1964).
Ashley was not in Pajama Party (1964), but did appear in Sergeant Deadhead (1965), once again playing Avalon's best friend. He was in Beach Blanket Bingo (1965), this time playing Avalon's rival. Both Sergeant Deadhead and Bingo featured Deborah Walley, whom Ashley had married in 1962.
Ashley later recalled shooting one of the beach party scenes with Avalon, saying, "Our backs were to the water camera and we were walking and talking and Frankie said, 'Man, can you believe us? Two 30-year-old guys out here in body make-up and red trunks.'"
Beach Blanket Bingo was the only beach movie where Ashley had much to do. "That was the only one where there was really a character", he said. "Other than that, it was basically 'Frankie's buddy stands – the guy in the red bathing suit.'"
Ashley was given a lead role for Azalea Films' The Eye Creatures (1965), filmed in Texas and directed by Larry Buchanan as a remake of AIP's Invasion of the Saucer Men (1957). Ashley later estimated his fee took up more than half the budget.
For Allied Artists, he played Baby Face Nelson in Young Dillinger (1965) alongside Nick Adams and Robert Conrad. He was reportedly going to do Three to Make Zero, a thriller with Conrad from a script by Richard Bakalyan but it was not made. Also announced but not made was Runaway Skis, meant to star Ashley and Walley, from a script by James Stacy and directed by Frank Paris.
Ashley's final beach party movie was How to Stuff a Wild Bikini (1965), where he played "Johnny"; he sang a few songs on the soundtrack. Ashley did not appear in the final film in the series, The Ghost in the Invisible Bikini (1966), although he was originally announced as starring in it and Walley did appear.
He guest starred on Conrad's show The Wild Wild West, appearing in "The Night of Watery Death", and was back on The Beverly Hillbillies in "The Cat Burglar" and "Mr. Universe Muscles".
The Philippines and Eddie Romero
In 1968, Ashley received an offer to make a film in the Philippines. As his marriage to Walley ended, he was keen to get out of the country and accepted. He made Brides of Blood (1968) for producer Eddie Romero, the second movie in Romero's "Blood Island" horror film series. Ashley also had a supporting role in a war film for Romero that starred James Shigeta titled Manila, Open City (1968).
Ashley starred in Hell on Wheels (1967), playing the brother of Marty Robbins. He also had a small role in 2001: A Space Odyssey playing an astronaut, a part that was cut from some editions of the film.
Ashley then returned to Oklahoma, where he ran some movie theaters. A distributor friend of Ashley's found success screening Brides of Blood and suggested that Ashley return to the Philippines to make another film there. Ashley agreed and returned to the Philippines to star in The Mad Doctor of Blood Island in 1969, co-directed by Romero. It did well at the box office, beginning a long-running association with the Philippines and with Romero. Ashley returned to the Philippines to make a sequel to Mad Doctor, Beast of Blood (1970) for Hemisphere Pictures, again directed by Romero.
"It was a release for me to live in the Philippines for three months a year", said Ashley. "I bought a condo there; it was like a vacation for me".
Romero recalled Ashley as "very easy to get along with, very companionable."
After finishing Beast of Blood, Romero suggested to Ashley that they finance their own movies. They formed their own company, Four Associates Ltd; its first release was Beast of the Yellow Night (1971). Ashley next appeared in a Western called Smoke in the Wind, his first acting appearance in an American-shot film for a number of years; it was not widely seen, however, and was not released until 1975.
Additional funding for Yellow Night came from Corman and his New World Pictures. Corman told Ashley about The Big Doll House (1971), which he wanted to make in Puerto Rico; Ashley encouraged Corman to produce it in the Philippines and the director agreed. Ashley worked as executive producer, providing the above-the-line costs. The film was a huge success and initiated a cycle of women in prison films.
Ashley starred in and produced The Woman Hunt (1972), a remake of The Most Dangerous Game, for Romero and Corman. Ashley and Romero then made The Twilight People (1972), an adaptation of The Island of Dr Moreau, for Dimension Pictures, which Ashley considered one of his favorite films.
He appeared in and produced Beyond Atlantis (1973) for Dimension, a variation on The Treasure of the Sierra Madre starring Patrick Wayne and directed by Romero. The film was aimed at a family audience and was less violent than other Romero/Ashley films – it performed less well at the box office. Ashley later said it was the only film he had money in which "didn't make it".
Ashley produced and appeared in Black Mamba (1974), but the movie was not released until after Ashley's death in 1997. He also acted in and produced Savage Sisters (1974) (aka Ebony Ivory and Jade) for AIP; the Los Angeles Times said he played his role in the latter with "surprising flair".
In April 1974 he was given a special award for his contribution to the Philippines film industry at the Filipino Academy of Movies Arts and Sciences; he had made 11 movies there.
Ashley produced and had a support role in Sudden Death (1977), directed by Romero and starring Robert Conrad.
During 1975–76, Ashley acted as Philippines liaison for Apocalypse Now (1979). He said,
Fred Roos made up a list: Can you provide the following things? He used my company on a loan-out basis so he didn't have to go into the tax situation of starting a new company. One of the things we were able to provide was about a half-dozen Huey helicopters, the kind that had been used in Vietnam.
Ashley spent a year working with Francis Ford Coppola and Roos on Apocalypse Now until he returned to Oklahoma to manage his theaters. "I told Francis a year was too long to be away from my theater business, and I went back to Oklahoma,"he said. By the late 1970s, the Philippines was becoming less attractive as a filming destination, and Ashley made no further films there.
Return to the U.S.
Ashley announced he would make Cheerleaders (about three cheerleaders) and Hard Time Aces (the latter starring Conrad) for New World, but never made the films.
By this stage, Ashley had about 40 screens in Oklahoma, which he ended up selling to a major theater circuit. "I couldn't compete with the big boys", he said. He took about a year off, "watched my two sons play football for about a year, and then my (third) wife said, 'What are you going to do? You'll go crazy here.' So four years ago, we moved to Los Angeles."
The A Team
Ashley was hired by Stephen J. Cannell to work on The Quest (1982). During the filming of an episode in France, Ashley had a heart attack. "I was a little overweight, I had put on a few pounds, and I got some diet pills and they caused a spasm in my heart", he recalled.
Ashley recovered, and when The Quest was canceled due to poor ratings, Cannell offered Ashley The A Team. He was one of three supervising producers, along with Frank Lupo, of a hit show that ran for 98 episodes (Ashley went from "producer" to "executive producer" for the last few seasons). Ashley also served as the narrator of the opening title sequence during the show's first four seasons and made a cameo during the first season.
"You can never predict a hit", Ashley later reflected, "but we were shooting the pilot... in Mexico, and a lot of crew members said, 'I got a feeling about this'. It's like catching lightning, this kind of success -- it only happens once in your life, finding someone like Mr. T and having him and the show become the phenomenon they have".
Frank Lupo persuaded Ashley to play a cameo in the show's second two-hour special, as a backer for a bogus horror movie proposed by series regular Dirk Benedict, called The Beast of the Yellow Night. A few seconds from that episode, showing Benedict with his arm around Ashley,can be glimpsed in the series' opening credits sequence.
"One of the things I like about the series is working with young actors who come in and read for us", he said in 1985. "A lot of them have their own little bits of business. Sometimes it's funny, sometimes it's a little sad. But I know what it's like. I've been there."
Ashley then produced Werewolf (1987), created by Lupo, which ran for 28 episodes.
Ashley briefly returned to acting with a small role in Invisible Mom (1996), directed by his friend Fred Olen Ray. He had previously turned down a role in the 1987 beach party parody Back to the Beach.
His last film as producer was Scar City (1998).
Ashley married actress Deborah Walley in 1962. They had one son, Anthony Ashley, before they divorced in 1966. Ashley later married his second wife, Nancy Moore, and had a son, Cole Ashley. He later married his third wife, Jan Ashley.
Ashley was a noted fundraiser for President Lyndon B. Johnson.
- Dragstrip Girl (1957) – Fred Armstrong
- Motorcycle Gang (1957) – Nick Rogers
- Zero Hour! (1957) – TV singer
- Suicide Battalion (1958) – Pvt. Tommy Novello
- How to Make a Monster (1958) – John Ashley
- Hot Rod Gang (1958) – John Abernathy III
- Frankenstein's Daughter (1958) – Johnny Bruder
- High School Caesar (1960) – Matt Stevens
- Hud (1963) – Hermy
- Beach Party (1963) – Ken
- Muscle Beach Party (1964) – Johnny
- Bikini Beach (1964) – Johnny
- Beach Blanket Bingo (1965) – Steve Gordon
- Young Dillinger (1965) – "Baby Face" Nelson
- How to Stuff a Wild Bikini (1965) – Johnny
- Sergeant Deadhead (1965) – Airman Filroy
- The Eye Creatures (1965, TV movie) – Stan Kenyon
- Hell on Wheels (1967) – Del Robbins
- Brides of Blood (1968) – Jim Farrell
- Manila, Open City (1968) – Morgan, a Medic
- The Mad Doctor of Blood Island (1968) – Dr. Bill Foster
- Beast of Blood (1970, also producer) – Dr. Bill Foster
- Beast of the Yellow Night (1971, also producer) – Joseph Langdon/Philip Rogers
- The Big Doll House (1971, associate producer only)
- The Twilight People (1972, also producer) – Matt Farrell
- The Woman Hunt (1972, also producer) – Tony
- Black Mama, White Mama (1972, producer only)
- Beyond Atlantis (1973, also producer) – Logan
- Savage Sisters (1974, also producer) – W. P. Billingsley
- Black Mamba (1974, also producer) – Dr. Paul Morgan
- Smoke in the Wind (1975) – Whipple Mondier
- Sudden Death (1977) – John Shaw
- Apocalypse Now (1979, associate producer only)
- Invisible Mom (1997) – Herbert Pringle (voice) (final film role)
- Scar City (1998, producer only)
- Men of Annapolis (1957) – Joe/Tony Bellor
- Jefferson Drum (1958) – Tim Keough
- The Deputy (1959) – Trooper Nelson
- The Millionaire (1960) – Ken Clarkson
- Death Valley Days (1961) – Sandy
- Straightaway (1961–1962) – Clipper Hamilton
- Wagon Train (1960–1963) – Michelangelo Fratelli/Bill Collier
- Petticoat Junction (1963) – Fred
- The Beverly Hillbillies (1963–1967) – Troy Apollo/Mike Wilcox/Bob Billington
- Dr Kildare (1964) – Mitch
- The Wild Wild West (1966) – Lt. Keighley
- Coach of the Year (1980, producer only)
- Will: G. Gordon Liddy (1982, producer only)
- The A-Team (1983–1986, executive producer) – narrator/radio newscaster/announcer (voice, uncredited)
- The Quest (1982, producer)
- Werewolf (1987, executive producer only)
- Something Is Out There (1988, producer only)
- Hardball (1989, producer only)
- Raven (1992, executive producer only)
- Journey to the Centre of the Earth (1993, producer only)
- Walker, Texas Ranger (1993–1994, executive producer only)
- Marker (1995, producer only)
- Lawless (1997, producer only)
- Thorns of Bonaparte (1967)
- "Let Yourself Go-Go-Go"/"Bermuda" (August 1957, Intro Records) – his first single
- "Pickin' on the Wrong Chicken"/"Born to Rock" (May 1958, Dot Records)
- "Seriously in Love"/"I Want to Hear It from You" (1958, Silver Records)
- "My Story"/"Let the Good Times Roll" (December 1958, Dot Records)
- "Suddenly You Want to Dance"/"Return by Heart" (Feb 1959)
- "The Hangman"/"The Net" (April 1959, Dot Records) - Variety said this had "a stirring Western beat"
- "I Want To Hear It From You"/"Seriously In Love" (December 1959, Silver Records)
- "Cry of the Wild Goose"/"One Love" (March 1960, Silver Records)
- "Little Lou"/"I Need Your Lovin'" (May 1961, Capehart Records)
Born to Rock (2001, Hydra Records)
From Hot Rod Gang
- "Believe Me" (1958)
- "Annie Laurie" (1958)
- "Hit and Run Lover" (1958)
From How to Stuff a Wild Bikini
- "How to Stuff a Wild Bikini" (1965) – sung in the film
- "That's What I Call a Healthy Girl" (1965) – sung in the film
- "The Boy Next Door" (1965) – cover version of song from the film
- "After the Party" (1965) – cover version of song from the film
- "Follow Your Leader" (1965) – cover version of song from the film
- "You Gotta Have Eee-Ooo"
- "Don't Let Them Tear Us Apart"
- "Mean Mean Woman"
- "Can't Let You Go"
- "Kathryn Atchley". Find a Grave.
- "The Daring Young Men on the Flying TV". Radio TV Mirror. Vol. 57 no. 1. December 1961. p. 64.
- Ashley, John (April 1962). "What should a husband tell a wife?". TV Radio Mirror. pp. 57–67.
- Lamont p 20
- Tom Lisanti, Hollywood Surf and Beach Movies: The First Wave, 1959–1969, McFarland 2005, p353-354
- Lamont p 20-21)
- Kelley, Bill (17 March 1985). "ASHLEY FINALLY MAKES THE TEAM". Sun Sentinel; Fort Lauderdale. p. 6.
- Mark McGee, Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures, McFarland, 1996 p134
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 30, 1957). "'Calypso Joe' Exploits New Craze; Cameron, Mary Murphy to Costar". Los Angeles Times. p. C7.
- Herman Cohen, producer of Werewolf does say that Ashley never auditioned. See Tom Weaver, "Interview with Herman Cohen" Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine accessed 17 December 2012
- Schallert, Edwin (Oct 23, 1957). "George Pal to Delve Into Space Again; Akim Tamiroff Aids 'Colonel'". Los Angeles Times. p. B11.
- "Actor Ashley Makes His Disk Debut on Intro". Cash Box.
- Billboard - 3 Nov 1958 "Dot's Randy Wood is recording four sides with singer-actor John Ashley to bring Wood's personal a.&r. tally to the 80-side level during the past two weeks. "
- Billboard - 8 Dec 1958 - Page 36 "JOHN ASHLEY My Story DOT 15878— John Ashley sells this ballad about young love with fervor accompanied by a vocal group and real beat. A strong side by the lad that could step out. "
- "John Ashley (2)". Discogs.
- Lamont p 22
- Lamont p 24
- "John Ashley (2) – Born To Rock". Discogs.
- Tom Weaver, "Interview with Herman Cohen" accessed 17 December 2012
- Weaver p 38
- Gary A. Smith, American International Pictures: The Golden Years, Bear Manor Media, 2013 p 82
- Lamont p 23
- ""Elkton Lake Feud", May 16, 1959". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Lamont p 25
- Weaver p 39
- "The Holdup-Proof Safe on Death Valley Days". Internet Database. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "No title". The Canberra Times. 39 (11, 062). 25 January 1965. p. 15. Retrieved 26 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia. Cite uses generic title (help)
- Scheuer, Philip K. (12 July 1963). "Grand Guignol Set at Vine St. Cabaret: Huston 'Sells' Kipling Yarn; Sinatra, AIP Think Young". Los Angeles Times. p. D11.
- Weaver p 40
- Lamont pp 23–24
- Weaver p41
- Weaver p43
- Leavold, Andrew (2006). "Strong Coffee with a National Treasure:An Interview with Eddie Romero". Cashiers du Cinemart.
- Weaver p 43
- Weaver p 44
- Lamont Part 2 p 6
- Poggiali, Chris (20 January 2011). "Slinking Through the Seventies: An Interview with Marlene Clark". Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Thomas, Kevin (Oct 4, 1974). "A Clean-Cut 'Dirty, O'Neil'". Los Angeles Times. p. e12.
- Murphy, Mary (Apr 16, 1974). "MOVIE CALL SHEET: 12-Year-Old Joins 'Quilp' Cast". Los Angeles Times. p. c12.
- "Deborah Walley's wedding". Photoplay. 1962.
- Scott, Vernon (April 25, 1968). "Divorcee Deborah Walley In No Hurry To Remarry". Hawkins County Post. p. 2. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
- Lentz, Harris M. (1997). Obituaries in the Performing Arts. McFarland. p. 9.
- Betty (Apr 22, 1967). "Senta to Play Secret Agent". Los Angeles Times. p. 19.
- Review at Cash Records
- "Jocks, Jukes and Disks". Variety. 29 April 1959. p. 59.
- Lamont, John (1990). "The John Ashley Interview Part 1 1956–1965". Trash Compactor (Volume 2 No. 5 ed.). pp. 20–26.
- Lamont, John (1992). "The John Ashley Interview Part 2". Cite magazine requires
- Weaver, Tom; Brunas, John (1985). "From B Movies to the A Team". Fangoria (43 ed.).
- Vagg, Stephen (December 2019). "A Hell of a Life: The Nine Lives of John Ashley". Diabolique Magazine.
- Weaver, Tom, "Interview with John Ashley", Interviews with B Science Fiction and Horror Movie Makers: Writers, Producers, Directors, Actors, Moguls and Makeup, McFarland 1988