|2nd Mayor of Christchurch|
16 Dec 1868 – 15 Dec 1869
|Preceded by||William Wilson|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Duncan|
|Born||7 November 1820|
|Died||30 April 1897 (aged 76)|
Christchurch Central City
|Spouse(s)||Jane Anderson (née Gibson)|
|Children||Four sons (incl. John Anderson, Jnr), two daughters|
|Profession||Blacksmith, engineer, businessman, local politician|
John Anderson (7 November 1820 – 30 April 1897) was the second Mayor of Christchurch in New Zealand 1868–1869, and a successful businessman. He had a close connection with three buildings (his office building, later known as the Guthrey Centre; St Andrew's Church, which is these days located at Rangi Ruru; St Paul's Church) that have later received Category I heritage registrations by Heritage New Zealand. Two of these buildings were demolished following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake.
His company became even more successful under the leadership of two of his sons, and it existed until 1986.
He was married to Jane Gibson on 3 June 1845. Before her marriage, his wife was employed by the Dalmahoy family, who later helped their desire of emigrating to New Zealand by advancing £300 for the move. Their first two children, Marion and Alexander, died as infants, and this is believed to have been a stimulus for them to emigrate.
Their third child John was born in 1850 and the family of three came out to New Zealand on one of the First Four Ships, Sir George Seymour, arriving in Lyttelton at 10 am on Tuesday, 17 December 1850.
A fourth child, Andrew, was born in 1851. Jean, Alexander, Elizabeth and Frederick were born between 1853 and 1861.
In New Zealand, he settled at The Bricks Avon River in central Christchurch, representing the most upstream location that could be reached by boat in those days. He was influenced by John Deans to settle in Christchurch rather than in Lyttelton, where most of the other settlers established themselves. Anderson was a neighbour with the surveyor Edward Jollie, who lived in the leftmost hut shown in the Drury painting., a locality on the
In February 1852, Anderson moved slightly south to Cashel Street, where he had bought a section. He bought up more land between Cashel Street and Lichfield Street for his expanding company. His residence 'Inveresk' was built further east on Cashel Street opposite St Paul's Church.
In 1866, Anderson sent his sons John and Andrew to Edinburgh for schooling at the highly regarded Merchiston Castle School. Both started their working career in Scotland, with John as a mechanical engineer in Glasgow, and Andrew as a civil engineer in Edinburgh. Upon their respective returns to New Zealand in 1873 and 1876, they both worked in their father's business.
In 1881, Anderson retired from the company, passing management on to John and Andrew. In the same year, the new company office was built on the Cashel Street site. It was known in later years as the Guthrey Centre and was demolished in August 2011 as a consequence of the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. The building was listed as a Category I heritage structure with Heritage New Zealand.
From small beginnings, the business had grown to cover all sorts of engineering. Machinery was produced that would process the region's products. The company expanded after Anderson's retirement and became a major player in the production of railway hardware, road and rail bridges. A Lyttelton works was opened in 1887 to build and maintain vessels. The firm built gold dredges and the steel lighthouse for Farewell Spit (1895–1896).
One example of significant bridges was the Beaumont road bridge over the Clutha River, which is also known as the Dunkeld Bridge, as this was the original survey name for the township that soon took the name of Beaumont. The bridge was opened by John Anderson on 4 March 1887 with a champagne lunch. A champagne lunch of such proportions that the location for the presentation is still called Champagne Flat was held at the opening of the Waiau Ferry Bridge, these days a Category I heritage item registered with Heritage New Zealand. Another early and outstanding bridge was the Waiteti Viaduct, the northernmost viaduct on the North Island Main Trunk railway a few kilometres south of Te Kuiti. This structure was also completed in 1887. Probably the most significant structure on the North Island Main Trunk Railway is the Makatote Viaduct 12 km south of National Park. At 79 m, it is the highest on this line. It took three years to build and Andrew Anderson moved his family to the construction village, so that he could oversee the work. The viaduct was commissioned in 1908.
For a long time, the company was under family membership, with all employees known to management by name, fostering a good employee / management relationship. Andersons Ltd merged with Mason Brothers Ltd in 1964 and ceased trading in 1986.
In 1862, the first municipal council of Christchurch was elected. 20 citizens put their names forward, and Anderson had the second highest number of votes, after John Hall, who later became a Premier of New Zealand.
Elections for Christchurch City Council were held annually. He was elected on several subsequent occasions: 1867–1869 and 1871. On 16 December 1868, the city council held its annual general meeting. In those days, the councillors elected one of their group as mayor at an annual meeting, i.e. the position was not elected at large (by the voting public) as is the case today. Councillor Anderson was elected unanimously as the second mayor of Christchurch.
His time as mayor is best remembered for him hosting the visit to Christchurch by the young Prince Albert, Duke of Edinburgh. The welcoming procession march was led by Anderson's foundry staff. As mayor, he presided at the official welcome luncheon. He carried out his duties to such satisfaction that citizens presented him with a silver tea and coffee service afterwards.
In 1881, the year when Anderson retired from his business, he stood as a parliamentary candidate for Christchurch South. Two candidates contested the seat, and Anderson was beaten by John Holmes, who had a majority of 113 votes.
The Andersons were one of five Scottish settler families in Canterbury. Anderson was very active in the Presbyterian Church. He made long trips through Canterbury, trying to establish new congregations. In 1854, he was a founding member of the congregation of St Andrew's Church, and a request for a minister was sent to Scotland. In response, the first Presbyterian minister, the Rev. Charles Fraser (1823–1886), came to Canterbury in 1856. The crown had granted land at the corner of Tuam Street and Oxford Terrace ( ) for the church, and St Andrew's was opened on 1 February 1857.
In 1858, Fraser established Addington Cemetery (Addington as a public burial ground. It was often called the 'Scotch Cemetery' because of its links to the Presbyterian Church, but it was open to all denominations and was thus the first 'public' cemetery in Christchurch. The cemetery was eventually taken over by the Christchurch City Council.) in
When Fraser's more liberal views clashed with those of his congregation, Anderson was the leading person for forming the second congregation, and he laid the foundation stone at the new St Paul's Church. With two others, he travelled to Wanganui, trying and succeeding to attract Rev. Elmslie to St Paul's. Anderson's oldest daughter, Jean, was married to Elmslie in 1881, with the reception at their house Inveresk. The church was damaged in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake, and partially collapsed in the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. By June 2011, St Paul's had been demolished. St Paul's was listed as a Category I heritage building by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust.
St Andrew's Church was relocated from its original site to Rangi Ruru Girls' School in 1986. The church is listed as a Category I heritage building by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust with registration number 304.
Anderson died on 30 April 1897 at his residence Inveresk in Cashel Street in central Christchurch. He was survived by four sons and two daughters. The funeral service for Anderson was held at St Paul's. The Andersons are both buried at Addington Cemetery.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Anderson (mayor).|
- "Election of Mayors". The Star (186). 16 December 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
- "Local and General". The Star (493). 15 December 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- "Chairmen and mayors". Christchurch: Christchurch City Council. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
- "Mr. John Anderson". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand (Canterbury Provincial District). Christchurch: Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1903. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
- Lowe, Peter. "Anderson, John – Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- "John Anderson". Christchurch: The Press. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- "The Bricks: painting of the first settlement on the Plains, 1851 / Durey, John, 1833–1920". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- Greenaway, Richard L. N. (June 2007). Addington Cemetery Tour (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. p. 30. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Educational". The Press. LVI (10334). 1 May 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
- "Guthrey Centre". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- Heather, Ben (2 August 2011). "Heritage losing battle to bulldozers". The Press. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- Thornton, Geoffrey (2001). "Introduction". In Susan Brierley, Evan Chan and Carolyn Lagahetau (ed.). Bridging the Gap: Early Bridges in New Zealand 1830–1939 (First ed.). Auckland: Reed Publishing. pp. 14, 157. ISBN 0-7900-0810-6.
- "Waiau Ferry Bridge". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- Macdonald, George Ranald (1966). "ANDERSON, John (1820–97)". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Councillors of the City of Christchurch". Christchurch: Christchurch City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Ex Mayors". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand (Canterbury Provincial District). Christchurch: Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1903. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
- "The General Election". The Star (4255). 10 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- McLintock, A. H., ed. (1966). "Beginnings". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "St Andrew's at Rangi Ruru". Rangi Ruru Girls' School. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- Harper, Margaret. "Miscellaneous" (PDF). Christchurch City Libraries. p. 4. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "Addington Cemetery". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- Evans, Beverley (14 April 2008). "Christchurch Press – 1881 – October – BMD". Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- Heather, Ben (8 June 2011). "Life ebbing for heritage buildings". The Press. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Church". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- "St Andrew's Church". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- "Deaths". The Star (4905). 21 March 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- "Local & General". The Star (4906). 22 March 1894. p. 3. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- "Local & General". The Star (4905). 21 March 1894. p. 3. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- "Death". The Star (5861). 1 May 1897. p. 4. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Obituary". The Star (5860). 30 April 1897. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
| Mayor of Christchurch