Karam playing for Horowhenua in 1971
|Full name||Joseph Francis Karam|
|Born||21 November 1951|
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|Weight||82 kg (12 st 13 lb)|
Joseph Francis Karam (born 21 November 1951), also known by the nickname of "Clock", is a New Zealand former representative rugby footballer who played for the All Blacks. After retiring from rugby, he became a businessman. However, he is most notable for waging a successful 15-year campaign to have David Bain's convictions for murder overturned, and a subsequent campaign seeking compensation for him.
Rugby union career
He spent the 1971 season with Horowhenua. He was selected for Wellington's South Island tour in 1972, becoming the youngest-ever player picked to represent Wellington. An extremely hard trainer at a club level, Karam was named as an All Black for the 1972–73 tour of the British Isles and France. He played 10 test matches for the All Blacks between 1972 and 1975.
Rugby league career
Karam switched codes in 1975, signing a three-year deal with the Glenora Bears in the Auckland Rugby League competition $20,000 a year. Karam was horrified that players on the UK tour of 1971 got a pound a day as their living allowance while rugby officials "were flying around the world drinking champagne like it was going out of fashion". For players of "modest employment" slogging it out on the field for their country it meant that "their wife and children were starving back home".
He scored 160 points for the Bears in 1976, winning the Painter Rosebowl Trophy as top point scorer. He won the trophy again in 1977. Karam was selected for Auckland almost immediately, playing in six games in 1976 and scoring 53 points. This including playing in Auckland's 17–7 victory over New South Wales City. He played in one game for Auckland in 1977, kicking six goals.
By the final year of his contract, Karam couldn't break into the Glenora side, being succeeded by Warwick Freeman. He reportedly found the tackling work rate to be far more demanding than in rugby union.
Support for David Bain
Karam is known for his many years of unqualified support for David Bain, who was convicted in 1995 of murdering all five members of his family. Karam's research and sustained pressure on the justice system culminated in an appeal to the Privy Council in Britain in May 2007, at which Bain's conviction was overturned. The Privy Council found there had been a substantial miscarriage of justice, quashed his convictions and ordered a retrial. After his convictions were quashed, Karam allowed Bain to stay at his house in the Waikato on bail prior to the retrial two years later. Bain stayed for about three months before moving to Auckland. The new trial was held in 2009 and Bain was found not guilty on all five charges.
Without Karam's support, it is unlikely there would ever have been a retrial. His interest in the case began in 1996, when he read a newspaper article about "an old music teacher and a bunch of young, long-haired university students" trying to raise money for Bain's appeal by selling jam. He went and gave them money. He began to study the evidence presented at the original trial and began to feel something was wrong with the case. He went to visit Bain in prison in Christchurch and subsequently visited him over 200 times. According to media commentator Paul Holmes, Karam was appalled at the way the family, the Police and the Fire Service arranged to burn the Bain house down.
Based on his extensive research over many years, Karam wrote four books about David Bain's case. The first was "David and Goliath: the Bain family murders" published in 1997. Karam made accusations against two police officers in David and Goliath as a result of which he was sued for defamation. (He won that case as well.) The book created a media furore. Karam appeared regularly on the Holmes TV show and 'did a thousand other media interviews'. The second book, "Bain and Beyond" was published in 2000 and the third, "Innocent!: seven critical flaws in the conviction of David Bain" came out in 2001. The fourth book "Trial By Ambush: The Prosecutions Of David Bain" was released in 2012. In this book, Karam accuses Robin Bain of the murders of his wife and three of their children before shooting himself.
Karam was paid $424,480 by Legal Services for his legal work in support of David Bain. Commissioner Nigel Fyfe approved the payment describing Karam's "unique circumstances", and said his legal assistance to Bain's defence was "exceptional" and the "equivalent to a non-qualified legal executive..."
The personal cost
While supporting Bain, Karam spent his "considerable fortune" on the case. He'd become wealthy in various business ventures including hamburger bars and country pubs and the country's first major independent vending machine company. He had more than 20 investment properties, a launch and racehorses and lived on a 10-acre property in Clevedon.
Karam says the crusade cost him millions and his friends estimated his personal losses could be as much as $4 million in terms of his time, loss of earnings and costs of legal and forensic experts. He spent it in his pursuit of the case and ended up living in 15 to 20 different rental houses over the past decade while trying to prove Bain's innocence.
Karam acknowledges that fighting the case has taken its toll on him over the years. Interviewed in the New Zealand Herald in 2007 under the headline Joe Karam: Freedom Fighter, he said, "For many years, the mainstream media, judiciary, and politicians just thought of me as a raving redneck who'd lost the plot." He stopped socialising with rich-list friends because people would inevitably "buttonhole him about the case" and he felt compelled to put them straight – "destroying the dinner party" in the process. He said that "every morning for two years, he would wake up, sink to the edge of the bed and cry". When asked what motivated him to keep going, he said it was because of his "innate hatred of unfairness and urge to help those less fortunate".
Karam also took legal action to defend himself in pursuit of the case. In addition to being sued for defamation by two police officers, he took on the media with litigation against TVNZ, North and South magazine and the New Zealand Herald. He sued journalist Rosemary McLeod over an article that cast doubt on his motives for supporting Bain. They settled out of court. In 2011 he sued Trade Me for defamation over 349 posts on the website's public message boards about Bain.
In 2012, Karam began legal proceedings against Kent Parker and Victor Purkiss for defamation. Parker and Purkiss were opposed to David Bain receiving compensation and made numerous derogatory comments about Karam on a number of websites. In April 2014, Justice Patricia Courtney identified about 50 defamatory statements published on Facebook and on a private website by Parker and Purkiss, and awarded Karam $535,000. Parker admitted the defamation under cross-examination and was ordered to pay $350,500. Purkiss, who made defamatory posts on Facebook and the website Counterspin, was ordered to pay $184,500.
The judgement can be found here.
Karam was also awarded $64,774 in costs, and $11,350 disbursements. Journalist Jock Anderson said it was unlikely Karam would ever receive any of the money because Purkiss left the country and Parker was bankrupt. Karam also sued Fairfax NZ because articles on stuff.co.nz drew attention to the websites that contained the defamatory comments by Parker and Purkiss, but Fairfax settled out of court. Karam said the public campaign against his integrity had been the "worst four years" of his life.
The Innocence Project
Karam believes the fact that it took 13 years to get Bain's conviction overturned shows how flawed the New Zealand justice system is. In 2007 he said he planned to set up an organisation similar to the Innocence Project in the US, where those with skills and resources offer their help pro bono, like a support club for single crusaders such as himself, Keith Hunter and Mike Kalaugher (the Scott Watson campaigners).
An attempt to establish a New Zealand Innocence Project was made in 2009 by a group of lawyers concerned about the life sentence given to Alan Hall. In 2013, the project was re-launched out of the University of Otago, and has now been officially accepted as a branch of the Global Innocence network, becoming the world’s 63rd innocence project.
Following the Privy Council decision to overturn the murder convictions of Mark Lundy, Karam said the Lundy case shows again that "an independent body is needed to review potential miscarriages of justice". He says it is too hard for someone to fight their case from prison when the Governor General and the police effectively determine whether the original conviction is accurate. Mark Lundy was convicted at his retrial in 2015.
- Joe Karam: David and Goliath: the Bain family murders (Auckland: Reed, 1997) ISBN 0-7900-0564-6
- Joe Karam: Bain and Beyond (Auckland: Reed, 2000) ISBN 0-7900-0747-9
- Joe Karam: Innocent!: seven critical flaws in the wrongful conviction of David Bain (2001) (Auckland: Pohutakawa Productions, 2001) ISBN 0-473-07874-0
- Joe Karam: Trial By Ambush: The Prosecutions Of David Bain (Harper Collins) ISBN 9781869508340
- Tony Johnson, Lynn McConnell (November 2016). Behind the Silver Fern: Playing Rugby for New Zealand. p. 247. ISBN 9780857903334.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- One angry man New Zealand Listener Issue 3493, 21 April 2007
- King Karam! – 1967 St Pats Silverstream 1st XV Archived 20 December 2012 at Archive.today skysport.co.nz, 24 June 2012
- Joe Karam at AllBlacks.com
- Coffey and Wood The Kiwis: 100 Years of International Rugby League ISBN 1-86971-090-8
- Coffey, John and Bernie Wood Auckland, 100 years of rugby league, 1909–2009, 2009. ISBN 978-1-86969-366-4.
- David Bain allowed back to Dunedin, NZ Herald 5 February 2009
- Craymer, Lucy (5 June 2009). "David Bain found not guilty". National Business Review. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- One angry man New Zealand Listener
- Karam gets $330,000 in legal aid stuff.co.nz, 10 June 2009
- Paul Holmes: Bain case was Karam's 'magnificent obsession' New Zealand Herald, 7 June 2009
- The case against Robin Bain New Zealand Herald, 12 February 2012
- Jock Anderson's Caseload: More money awarded to Joe Karam, NZ Herald 18 September 2014
- Joe Karam: Freedom fighter New Zealand Herald, 1 December 2007
- David's promise, New Zealand Herald 20 May 2007
- Bain supporter sues Trade Me for libel stuff.co.nz, 16 December 2011
- Robin Bain supporter: Karam defamation case heading for trial New Zealand Herald, 3 July 2012
- Karam defamation case set for later this year, NZ Herald, 1 May 2013
- Joe Karam awarded over $500,000 damages, Stuff 17 April 2014
- Karam v Parker and Anor 2014, Defamation case decision (9 April 2014). "Karam v Parker and Anor 2014" (PDF). High Court of New Zealand. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Karam awarded $535,000 over defamation, NZ Herald, 17 April 2014.
- Group asks for murder case review Stuff 23 August 2009
- Innocence Project New Zealand, RNZ, 20 November 2013
- Lundy keen to get bail hearing as soon as possible, Radio New Zealand, 8 October 2013
- "Guilty for second time: Jury finds Mark Lundy killed his wife and daughter". New Zealand Herald. 1 April 2015. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 22 December 2015.