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The Jharkhand Party (Jhapa)(Hindi:झापा ) is a political party in India which grew out of the demand for a separate Jharkhand state. Initially known as the United Jharkhand Party, founded by Justin Richard. Later Adivasi Mahashava leader Jaipal Singh Munda joined it. The party was christened in 1949. Jaipal Singh was elected president and Idsen Deba general secretary.
The party fared well in the 1952 elections, and got 32 seats out of 352 seats in Bihar assembly becoming a major opposition party.
Jharkhand Party participated in election in 1952 and won 33 seats in Bihar legislative assembly. In 1962, It won 20 seats. In 1955, Jharkhand party submitted memorandum for creation of separate state to States Reorganization Commission but the demand was not conceded because the region had many languages and had not any link language, tribal were in not majority and adverse effects on economy of state after separation.
Jaipal Singh was disappointed due to declining popularity of his party and rejection of State demand by States Reorganization Commission.  In 1963 Jharkhand Party merged with Indian National Congress. The merger was quite unpopular amongst the party ranks, and a variety of splinter groups, were formed, many of the claiming the name of JKP such as All India Jharkhand Party, The Progressive Hul Jharkhand Party, Rajya Hul Jharkhand Party.
On January 8, 2009, Jharkhand Party candidate Raja Peter defeated sitting Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Shibu Soren by over 9,000 votes in presidency of Anosh Ekka and Vice-President Ranvijay Nath Shahdeo. Shri Anosh Ekka is National president of Jharkhand Party, Shri Ashok Kumar Bhagat-Principal General Secretary, Shri Kiran Aind-Working President, Shri Rezi Dungdung-Vice President (ex-ADG), Md Rizwan Ahmad-Vice President, Shri OP Agrawal-Vice President, Miss Aayrin Ekka -Youth President, Smt. Aparna Hans-General Secretary of Mahilla wing and Mr Lal Kishore Das-IT Cell (head) of Jharkhand Party.
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- "Jharkhand CM Shibu Sores loses in by-election". CNN-IBN. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 8 January 2009.